Aerial view of Fairfield
Location in Fairfield County, Connecticut
|Settled||1639 (Roger Ludlowe)|
|• Type||Representative Town Meeting (RTM)|
|• First Selectman||Michael C. Tetreau (D)|
|• Selectmen||Cristin McCarthy-Vahey (D)
James F. Walsh (R)
|• Board of Education Chair||John Mitola (D)|
|• Board of Finance Chair||Thomas Flynn (R)|
|• RTM Moderator||Jeffrey Steele (R)|
|• Total||31.3 sq mi (81.1 km2)|
|• Land||30.0 sq mi (77.8 km2)|
|• Water||1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)|
|Elevation||59 ft (18 m)|
|• Density||1,927/sq mi (744/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213429|
Fairfield is a town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. It is bordered by the towns of Bridgeport, Trumbull, Easton, Redding and Westport along the Gold Coast of Connecticut. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 59,404.1 In July 2006, Money magazine ranked Fairfield the ninth "best place to live" in the United States, and the best place to live in the Northeast.2
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Arts and entertainment
- 6 Points of interest
- 7 Parks and recreation
- 8 Government
- 9 Education
- 10 Media
- 11 Infrastructure
- 12 Places of worship
- 13 Notable people
- 14 Popular culture
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 External links
- 18 External links
In 1685, Puritans and Congregationalists in the Massachusetts Bay Colony dissatisfied with the rate of Anglican reforms sought to establish an ecclesiastical society subject to their own rules and regulations. The Massachusetts General Court granted them permission to settle the towns of Windsor, Wethersfield, and Hartford in the area now known as Connecticut.
On January 14, 1639, a set of legal and administrative regulations called the Fundamental Orders was adopted, and established Connecticut as a self-ruled entity. By 1639 these settlers had started new towns in the surrounding areas. Roger Ludlowe, framer of the Fundamental Orders, purchased the land presently Fairfield, and established the name.
According to historian John M. Taylor: "Early in 1639 the General Court granted a commission to Ludlow to begin a plantation at Pequannocke. He was on that errand, with a few others from Windsor, afterwards joined by immigrants from Watertown and Concord. He bought a large tract of land from the Pequannocke sachems, - afterwards greatly enlarged by other purchases to the westward,- and recalling the attractive region beyond (Uncoa), which he had personally seen on the second Pequot expedition, he also “set down” there, having purchased the territory embraced in the present town of Fairfield, to which he gave its name."3
Fairfield was one of the two principal settlements of the Connecticut Colony in southwestern Connecticut (the other was Stratford). The town line with Stratford was set in May 1661 by John Banks, an early Fairfield settler, Richard Olmstead, and Lt. Joseph Judson, who were appointed as a committee by the Colony of Connecticut.4 The town line with Norwalk was not set until May 1685.5
Over time, it gave rise to several new towns that broke off and incorporated separately. The following is a list of towns created from parts of Fairfield.
- Redding in 1767
- Weston in 1787
- Easton created from Weston in 1845
- Bridgeport in 1821 (also partly from Stratford) and again in 1895 when the Black Rock section left Fairfield
- Westport in 1835 (also partly from Weston and Norwalk)
When the American Revolutionary War began in the 1770s, Fairfielders were caught in the crisis as much as, if not more than, the rest of their neighbors in Connecticut. In a predominantly Tory section of the colony, the people of Fairfield were early supporters of the cause for independence. Throughout the war, a constant battle was being fought across Long Island Sound as men from British-controlled Long Island raided the coast in whaleboats and privateers. Gold Selleck Silliman, whose home still stands on Jennings Road, was put in charge of the coastal defenses.
In the spring of 1779, he was kidnapped from his home by Tory forces in preparation for a British raid on Fairfield County. His wife, Mary Silliman, watched from their home as, on the morning of July 7, 1779, approximately 2,000 enemy troops landed on Fairfield Beach near Pine Creek Point and proceeded to invade the town. When they left the following evening, the entire town lay in ruins, burned to the ground as punishment for Fairfield's support of the rebel cause. Ten years later, President George Washington noted after traveling through Fairfield that "the destructive evidences of British cruelty are yet visible both in Norwalk and Fairfield; as there are the chimneys of many burnt houses standing in them yet."6
Fairfield recovered slowly from the burning, but soon after the end of the war its houses and public buildings had all been rebuilt.
World War I brought Fairfield out of its agrarian past by triggering an unprecedented economic boom in Bridgeport, the center of a large munitions industry. The prosperity created a housing shortage in the city, and many of the workers looked to Fairfield to build their homes. The trolley and later the automobile made the countryside accessible to these newly rich members of the middle class, who brought with them new habits, new attitudes, and new modes of dress. The prosperity lasted through the twenties.
The grounding of a barge with two crewmen on Penfield Reef in Fairfield during a gale led to the first civilian helicopter hoist rescue in history, on November 29, 1945. The helicopter flew from the nearby Sikorsky Aircraft plant in Bridgeport.
Fairfield is the home of the corporate headquarters of General Electric (GE), one of the world's largest companies.
The opening of the Connecticut Turnpike in the 1950s brought another wave of development to Fairfield, and by the 1960s the town's residential, suburban character was firmly established.
The town is on the shore of the Long Island Sound. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.3 square miles (81 km2), of which 30.0 square miles (78 km2) is land and 3.4 square kilometres (1.3 sq mi), or 4.15%, is water. The Mill River, the waters of which feed Lake Mohegan, flows through the town.
Fairfield consists of many neighborhoods. The best known are wealthy Southport, where General Electric Chief Executive Officer Jack Welch lived for many years, and Greenfield Hill, with its large areas, famous dogwood trees, and picturesque green with its white-spired Congregational church. Other well established neighborhoods include Stratfield, Tunxis Hill, the University area, Grasmere, Mill Plain, Knapp's Village, Melville Village, Holland Hill, and the Fairfield Beach area, which has recently undergone a renaissance with the construction of many new homes by residents wishing to live in proximity to the beach and downtown.7 Two shopping districts in town include the Post Road (U.S. 1) and Black Rock Turnpike.
- Fairfield Center/Downtown Fairfield
- Fairfield Beach area
- Greenfield Hill
- Sasco Hill and Beach
- Stratfield Village
- Tunxis Hill
As of the census8 of 2010, there are 59,404 people in the town, organized into 20,457 households and 14,846 families. The population density is 1,927 people per square mile (744/km²). There are 21,648 housing units at an average density of 703 per square mile (277/km²). The racial makeup of the town is 91.6% White, 3.7% Asian, 1.8% African American, 0.06% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.2% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. 5.0% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 20,457 households out of which 38.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% are married couples living together, 9.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% are non-families. 22.3% of all households are made up of individuals and 15.1% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.69 and the average family size is 3.19.
In the town the population is spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 21.1% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 40 years. For every 100 females there are 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 85.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town is $83,512, and the median income for a family is $100,920 (these figures had risen to $103,352 and $121,749 respectively as of a 2007 estimate9). Males have a median income of $69,525 versus $44,837 for females. The per capita income for the city is $43,670. 2.9% of the population and 1.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 2.8% of those under the age of 18 and 3.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Fairfield is notable for, among other things, its very low crime rate. There have been only three murders in the last five years in town. Money Magazine's 2006 Best Places to Live Survey ranks Fairfield as the second safest municipality in the United States. 
In 2012, Fairfield was ranked #64 in Money Magazine's Best Places to live. 
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 26, 201010|
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
In May of 2012, Moody's Investors Service revised the Town of Fairfield's $192 million General Obligation Bond debt from negative to stable.11 In June 2012, Moody's awarded Fairfield with an AAA bond rating which it maintains to this date.
In 2005, the mill rate of Fairfield, CT was 16.67.12 The 2012-2013 taxes in Fairfield rose 4% to a mill rate of 23.37.13 The 2013-2014 mill rate which goes into effect on July 1st for fiscal year 2013-2014 also increased by 2.38% to 23.93.14
- General Electric Co.—headquarters, 3135 Easton Turnpike (307,000 employees companywide)
- R.C. Bigelow (Bigelow Tea Company) -- headquarters, Black Rock Turnpike
- Sturm, Ruger & Co. -- headquarters, Lacey Place in Southport, firearms manufacturer
- The Voice ad agency—Global HQ, Tunxis Hill Road
- Fairfield University—1073 North Benson Road (5000 students and more than 500 academic employees plus additional administrators and staff)
- The Fairfield Theatre Company (FTC) is a non-profit organization that presentations plays, concerts, lectures, artistic work- shops and exhibitions for diverse audiences. FTC's concert series at Fairfield's StageOne, location near the train station, and at Bridgeport's historic Klein Theater attract nationally known and cutting-edge artists and audiences from throughout the region.
- For many years, the former Fairfield Community Theatre Foundation operated the downtown, two-screen movie house for independent and second-run films. The Community Theater currently hosts community events.
- The Regina A. Quick Center for the Arts on the campus of Fairfield University opened in 1990. Its busy schedule of events includes popular and classical music, dance, theatre, programs for young audiences, and the noted Open VISIONS Forum lecture series which feature eminent opinion-makers, artists, authors, political commentators, and learned contributors to the humanities and sciences. The Quick Center houses the 740-seat Kelley Theatre, the 150-seat Lawrence A. Wien Experimental Theatre, and the Thomas J. Walsh, Jr. Art Gallery. The Quick Center has become known as one of the finest concert halls in the country and was recognized as the "cultural epicenter of Fairfield County" by Westport Magazine.
- The PepsiCo Theatre, a renovated 1922 carriage house on the campus of Fairfield University, is the home to the Theatre Program of the Department of Visual and Performing Arts and Theater Fairfield, the resident production company of the University. The PepsiCo Theatre also hosts experimental productions by students, faculty and local professionals.
- The Bellarmine Museum of Art on the campus of Fairfield University host shows by regional artists and touring exhibitions as well as a permanent collection.
- The Gazebo on Sherman Town Green is home to concerts during the summer in the afternoon hours. Free to listen, along with free food and drinks it is an ideal place for entertainment. Many concerts are directed toward an older audience.
- WSHU-FM Public Radio operated by Sacred Heart University
- WVOF, student-run radio at Fairfield University
- Fairfield University hosts collegiate athletic competitions open to the public including basketball, baseball, cross-country, field hockey, lacrosse, rowing, soccer, swimming, tennis, and volleyball.
- Connecticut Audubon Society Birdcraft Museum and Sanctuary — 314 Unquowa Road (added 1982)
- Bronson Windmill — 3015 Bronson Road (added 1971)
- David Ogden House — 1520 Bronson Road (added 1979)
- Fairfield Historic District — Old Post Road from Post Road to Turney Road (added 1971). This is the old town center of Fairfield, roughly along Old Post Road between U.S. Route 1 and Turney Road. The area contains Fairfield's town hall, public library, and houses dating from the late 18th century.
- Fairfield Railroad Stations — Carter Henry Drive (added 1989)
- Greenfield Hill Historic District — Roughly bounded by Meeting House Lane, Hillside Road, Verna Hill Road and Bronson Road (added 1971)
- John Osborne House — 909 King's Highway West (added 1987)
- Jonathan Sturges House — 449 Mill Plain Road (added 1984)
- Pine Creek Park Bridge — North of Old Dam Road, over Pine Circle (added 1992)
- Southport Historic District — Roughly bounded by Southport Harbor, railroad tracks, Old South Road, and Rose Hill Road (added 1971)
- Southport Railroad Stations — 96 Station St. and 100 Center St. (added 1989)
- Connecticut Audubon Society Center at Fairfield (separate from the Birdcraft Museum and Sanctuary) – 6 miles (10 km) of boardwalk nature trails in a wildlife sanctuary of 160 acres (0.65 km2) with a nature center
- Fairfield Museum and History Center – displays on local history, art and decorative arts, and a library on local history
- Gallery of Contemporary Art at Sacred Heart University – holds five exhibitions each year
- Regina A. Quick Center for the Arts at Fairfield University
Fairfield residents enjoy a wealth of recreational opportunities, many of which stem from Fairfield's enviable location on the Long Island Sound.
- The town's 5 miles (8 km) of Long Island Sound coastline include five town beaches which are staffed by lifeguards during the summer, and miles of privately owned beach which are open to the public below the high tide mark.
- South Benson Marina is a town-owned facility providing 600 boat slips which residents can rent for the summer.15
- Lake Mohegan, which includes waterfalls called The Cascades, is a popular destination for hiking, as are the Fairfield Audubon Society and the Bird Sanctuary.
- Ye Yacht Yard, a town-owned facility on picturesque Southport Harbor, provides boat launch services to residents, and access to moorings in Southport Harbor. Ye Yacht Yard is also the location of Community Sailing of Fairfield, whose members share use of two 18-foot sailboats.
- The "SportsPlex" is located in downtown Fairfield and offers athletic activities such as; ice skating, indoor climbing, Indoor soccer and gymnastics.
The town government consists of the three-member Board of Selectmen, a Representative Town Meeting (RTM), a Board of Finance, a Board of Education, a Planning and Zoning Commission (TPZ), and many other politically appointed commissions, boards, and committees. The current First Selectman is Michael Tetreau (D).16
The town has no criminal or civil court system and all trials are held and handled by the Bridgeport Superior Court system. However, the town does also offer access to a Juvenile Review Board (JRB) for certain juvenile cases outlined by the Fairfield Police Department.
The Fairfield Police Department was created in 1926, approximately 287 years after the town was founded.17 I
The town of Fairfield is protected by the 95 paid full-time firefighters of the Fairfield Fire Department (FFD), and the volunteer firefighters of the Southport Volunteer Fire Department and the Stratfield Volunteer Fire Department. The paid Fairfield Fire Department operates 5 Fire Stations, located throughout town and utilize a fire apparatus fleet of 5 Engines, 2 Ladders, 1 Rescue, 1 Fireboat, and 1 Shift Commander's Unit, as well as many special support, and reserve units. Each of the seven frontline pieces of fire apparatus are staffed by a total of three firefighters, except the shift commander's car which is staffed by an Assistant Chief and a chief's aide. The volunteer fire departments share quarters with the paid firefighters at two of the Fire Station, but only occasionally staff their apparatus and respond to calls . The volunteer fire departments operate a rescue unit, a tactical support unit, and a midi pumper/squad. The combined paid and volunteer fire departments respond to approximately 9,500 emergency calls annually.18 The Fairfield Fire Department has several stations and has served the community since 1920.19
Below is a list of all the fire stations locations and apparatus in the town of Fairfield.
|Engine company||Ladder company||Special unit||Command unit||Address||Neighborhood|
|Engine 1||Ladder 1||Rescue 1 (Reserve), Marine 6 (Fireboat), Marine 7 (Fireboat), Foam Support Unit||Car 1 (Chief of Department), Car 2 (Deputy Chief), Car 4 (Fire Marshal), Car 5 (Safety/Training Unit)||140 Reef Rd.||Fairfield Center|
|Engine 2||Ladder 2||Maintenance Unit 1, Maintenance Unit 2, Transport Unit||Car 3 (Shift Commander)||600 Jennings Rd.||Tunxis Hill|
|Engine 3||Rescue 15 (Volunteer), State foam trailer||400 Jackman Ave.||Stratfield|
|Engine 4||Squad 14 (Volunteer), Tac. 14 (Volunteer Dive Unit), Marine 14 (Volunteer Fireboat)||69 Main St.||Southport|
|Engine 5||3965 Congress St.||Greenfield Hill|
The FFD also operates a total of three reserve engines to place into service when front line apparatus is undergoing maintenance or repairs. Reserve Engine 6 is located at the quarters of Engine 1/Ladder 1; Reserve Engine 7 is located at the quarters of Engine 2/Ladder 2/Shift Commander; Reserve Engine 8 is located at the quarters of Engine 5. The Fairfield Fire Department also operates a Connecticut regional fire training school, located at 205 Richard White Way.20
Fairfield has two public high schools, Fairfield Warde and Fairfield Ludlowe; three public middle schools, Roger Ludlowe, Tomlinson, and Fairfield Woods Middle School; and eleven public elementary schools.21
Fairfield has several Catholic schools, including two high schools, Fairfield Prep and Notre Dame, and two primary schools, St. Thomas Aquinas and Our Lady of the Assumption. A third Catholic primary school, Holy Family, was closed by the Diocese of Bridgeport at the end of the 2009-2010 academic year.
Non-religious private schools include Fairfield Country Day School and the Unquowa School.
- Fairfield Online News22
- Connecticut Post (headquartered in neighboring Bridgeport)
- Fairfield Minuteman
- Fairfield Citizen-News23
- Fairfield Sun24
- HamletHub Fairfield
Fairfield is traversed by U.S. 1, Interstate 95, and the Merritt Parkway. It has three Metro-North Railroad stations, Fairfield Metro, Fairfield and Southport. The town is served by several public bus lines of the Greater Bridgeport Transit Authority.
- St. Anthony of Padua Church
- Church of the Apostles - Anglican
- Trinity Baptist Church
- Greenfield Hill Congregational Church
- First Church Congregational, UCC
- Southport Congregational Church
- St. Paul's Episcopal Church
- St. Timothy's Episcopal Church
- Trinity Episcopal Church
- Fairfield Grace United Methodist Church
- Black Rock Congregational Church (website) - Non-denominational Evangelical
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses
- Our Saviour's Lutheran Church
- First Presbyterian Church of Fairfield
- Holy Cross Roman Catholic Church
- Our Lady of the Assumption
- St. Pius X Church
- St. Thomas Roman Catholic Church
- Congregation Ahavath Achim
- Congregation Beth El
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
- Samuel Smedley, a privateer who served in the Revolutionary War
- Scott R. Ettl, CEO of E&F Inc.
- William Burnett Benton (1900–1973), former U.S. Senator25
- Leonard Bernstein (1918–1990), conductor, composer, musician2627
- James Blake (b. 1979), professional tennis player28
- Julius Boros (1920–1994), professional golfer, winner of 18 PGA tour events including the 1952 & 1963 U.S. Open (golf) and 1968 PGA Championship was born in Fairfield.29
- Aaron Burr, Sr. (1716–1757), native, clergyman, educator, and father of Vice President Aaron Burr
- John Byrne (b. 1950) comic book artist & author.30
- Susan Cooper (b. 1935) author of the acclaimed children's sequence The Dark Is Rising.31
- Hume Cronyn, actor32
- Michael J. Daly (1924–2008), World War II Medal of Honor recipient33
- T. F. Gilroy Daly, attorney and Federal judge born and raised in Fairfield.34
- C. Douglas Dillon, Sec of US Treasury, Amb to France, lived in Fairfield c. 2002-2003
- David L. Downie, author and professor of politics and environment policy at Fairfield University
- Keir Dullea, actor35
- Dick Durrell (1925–2008) a founder of People Magazine adjunct professor at Sacred Heart University.36
- Timothy Dwight IV (1752–1817), American Congregationalist minister, theologian, educator, and author; president of Yale College was a pastor for twelve years at the Greenfield Hill Church.37
- Margaret Morrison, granddaughter of Andrew Carnegie.
- Chris Frantz and Tina Weymouth, founding members of Talking Heads and Tom Tom Club.38
- Robert Greenberger (born 1958), writer, editor and Fairfield politician.3940
- J. J. Henry, PGA golfer & 2006 Ryder Cup team member.41
- Paul Hogan, aka "Crocodile Dundee", lived many years in Fairfield with wife Linda Kozlowski
- Don Imus, radio personality, past resident in Southport42
- Eliot A. Jardines, Assistant Deputy Director of National Intelligence for Open source intelligence
- Oliver Burr Jennings, Exxon (Standard Oil) Founder
- Pat Jordan, leading sports writer and acclaimed author of A False Spring, ranked #37 on Sports Illustrated's Top 100 Sports Books of All Time
- Linda Kozlowski, actress, born in Fairfield (1958).43
- David LaChapelle, born in Fairfield, renowned photographer and director
- Jonathan Lewis, biomedical researcher, cancer drug developer
- Justin Long, actor and native.44
- Roger Ludlow, town founder
- John Mayer, Grammy-winning singer-songwriter and guitarist 45
- Brian Monahan, US Navy Rear Admiral and Attending Physician of the United States Congress46
- Matt Morgan, professional wrestler, American Gladiator and actor47
- Anne M. Mulcahy, Chairman, Xerox Corporation
- Charles Nagy, former MLB baseball pitcher for the Cleveland Indians.48
- Joe Namath, New York Jets quarterback and sport commentator, past resident
- Henry Fairfield Osborn, (1857–1935) geologist, paleontologist, eugenicist, and a native.49
- Jason Robards, actor. Lived in Southport.50
- Richard Rogers, an American composer of music for more than 900 songs and for 43 Broadway musicals, Rodgers and Hammerstein51
- Meg Ryan, actress. Born in Fairfield (1961).52
- Chris Sarandon and Joanna Gleason, actors53
- Gold Selleck Silliman, Revolutionary War general54
- Howard Sosin, founder of AIG Financial Products, presently investor
- Jonathan Sturges, delegate to the Continental Congress and member of the United States House of Representatives55
- Gene Tierney, actress, Tierney cottage just off Sasco Hill
- Brian Torff, jazz musician, composer, head of Fairfield University's music program
- Raviv Ullman, star of Phil of the Future56
- Franco Ventriglia, opera singer and a native
- Robert Penn Warren, author and poet57
- Michael Weatherly, actor and a native, currently starring as Special Agent Anthony DiNozzo in the hit CBS series, NCIS.58
- Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric, former town resident42
- Bob Wright, former chairman of NBC for 20 years
- Mabel Osgood Wright, author & founder of the Connecticut Audubon Society (Birdcraft Museum in Fairfield).59
- Jeffrey P. von Arx, President of Fairfield University
The following movies were at least partially filmed in Fairfield:60
- All Good Things (2010)
- Everybody's Fine (2009)
- Red Light Green Light (2009)
- College Road Trip (2008)
- Just Like It Was (2008)
- The Power of Their Song: The Untold Story of Latin America's New Song Movement (2008)
- Rachel Getting Married (2008)
- Revolutionary Road (2008)
- Bobby Dogs (2007)
- Reservation Road (2007)
- Messenger (2006/II)
- Live at the Quick (2002)
- More Than Skin Deep (2002)
- BlackMale (2000)
- Robbie the Rabbit (1998)
- Attack of the Beast Creatures (1985)
- One Summer Love (1976)
- The Stepford Wives (1975)
- Oprah Winfrey Presents: Mitch Albom's For One More Day (2007)
- ROH World Champion: The Best of Samoa Joe (2004)
- ROH: The Conclusion (2003)
- Learning How To Assert Yourself: With Billy Donatuti (2006)
- The television sitcom Who's the Boss? took place in Fairfield.citation needed In certain episodes, particular streets and Bridgeport were mentioned. A lead character, Tony, attended Fairfield University and wore an official Fairfield University sweatshirt during one episode.citation needed
- An episode of the Food Network show Rachael Ray's Block Party was filmed in Fairfield, as were portions of several episodes of Ham on the Street.citation needed
- On January 29, 2009, Stephen Colbert mentioned Archie Moore's Restaurant's wing sauce spill on his show The Colbert Report.citation needed
- Fairfield is the fictional location of the Bureau for Paranormal Research and Defense in the Hellboy graphic novel series.citation needed
- On his 2005 live album "Try" John Mayer sarcastically refers to his hometown Fairfield as the "home of the blues," and "where the blues was born."
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Fairfield town, Connecticut". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Retrieved August 8, 2011.
- Money Magazine Best Places to Live, 2006 Retrieved on March 11, 2008
- Taylor, John M., Roger Ludlowe the Colonial Lawmaker, 1900, Google Book Search, Retrieved May 27, 2008
- Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 1 p. 367
- Colonial Records of Connecticut Vol. 3 p. 175
- Washington, George. (1860). The Diary of George Washington, from 1789 to 1791: Embracing the Opening of the First Congress.... A.D.F. Randolph & Co. p. 21. Google Book Search. Retrieved on March 11, 2008
- Prevost, Lisa (July 3, 2005)."LIVING IN/The Fairfield, Conn., Beach Area; A Beach Community in an Awkward Transition, The New York Times"
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- American FactFinder. Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 26, 2010" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- Fairfield (Town of) CT Credit Rating - Moody's. Moodys.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Mazzola, Caitlin. (2012-05-10) Fairfield FY13 Mill Rate Set at 23.37 Mills: 4% Tax Increase - Government - Fairfield, CT Patch. Fairfield.patch.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Final 2013-14 tax rate set with 2.4% increase - Fairfield Citizen. Fairfieldcitizenonline.com (2013-05-09). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Prevost, Lisa (July 3, 2005)."LIVING IN/The Fairfield, Conn., Beach Area; A Beach Community in an Awkward Transition", The New York Times
- Elected Officials, Town of Fairfield, Connecticut. Fairfieldct.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- History Of The Fairfield Police. Fpdct.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Operations. Fdfairfield.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Stratfield Volunteer Fire Department. Rescue15.com (2011-05-21). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Fire Department - professionally serving the community. Fairfieldfireschool.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- State Department of Education - CEDaR. Sdeportal.ct.gov. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Fairfield Online News
- Fairfield Citizen-News
- Fairfield Sun
- Benton, William - Biographical Information
- Dixon, Ken, "Music Hall of Fame proposed for state ", article in Connecticut Post in Bridgeport, Connecticut, April 26, 2007 ("Leonard Bernstein, a longtime Fairfield resident")
- "Bernstein’s Workroom Will Head to Indiana". The New York Times. March 9, 2009. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
- James Blake bio
- World Golf Hall of Fame Member Profile. Worldgolfhalloffame.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- FAQ. Byrne Robotics. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Hume Cronyn (1911 - 2003) - Find A Grave Memorial. Findagrave.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Michael J. Daly (1924 - 2008) - Find A Grave Memorial. Findagrave.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Holloway, Lynette (July 12, 1996). "T. F. Gilroy Daly, 65, U.S. Judge, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- After 50 Years in Acting, Fully Relaxed in His Craft, New York Times Web page, The New York Times, April 8, 2007, accessed May 21, 2008
- iCloud. Web.me.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Rock Royalty - Westport Magazine - August 2007 - Westport, Weston and Wilton, CT. Mofflymedia.com. Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- Canuel, Greg. "Fairfield Candidates' Q&A: Bob Greenberger". The Daily Fairfield. September 28, 2011
- "Robert Greenberger". Crazy 8 Press. accessed October 13, 2011.
- dead link
- Radomsky, Rosalie R. (October 11, 1992). "If You're Thinking of Living in: Southport". The New York Times. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
- John Mayer Bounced from His Alma Mater, people.com, by Stephen M, Silverman, December 27, 2004. Retrieved November 9, 2010
- Leadership Biographies. Navy.mil (2010-10-19). Retrieved on 2013-08-16.
- "Jason Robards, Actor Who Elevated O´Neill, Dies at 78". The New York Times. December 27, 2000. Retrieved May 2, 2010.dead link
- "The Lady Is A Champ". The New York Times. March 24, 2002. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
- Beautiful Life, Westport/Fairfield Magazine Web page, December, 2008, accessed January 5, 2009
- "STURGES, Jonathan, (1740 - 1819)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
- Robert Penn Warren, Poet and Author, Dies, obituary article, no byline noted on New York Times Web page, The New York Times, September 16, 1989, page 1, accessed February 6, 2007
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fairfield, Connecticut.|
- Town website
- Fairfield Chamber of Commerce
- Fairfield Museum and History Center
- Fairfield University
- Fairfield Public Library
- Fairfield CT Business Directory
- Coastal Fairfield County Convention & Visitor Bureau
- Internet Movie Database page for Fairfield, Connecticut
- Postcards with images of Fairfield