Falfurrias, Texas

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Falfurrias, Texas
City
Motto: "The Land of Heart's Delight"
Location of Falfurrias, Texas
Location of Falfurrias, Texas
Brooks County Falfurrias.svg
Coordinates: 27°13′36″N 98°8′42″W / 27.22667°N 98.14500°W / 27.22667; -98.14500Coordinates: 27°13′36″N 98°8′42″W / 27.22667°N 98.14500°W / 27.22667; -98.14500
Country United States
State Texas
County Brooks
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council

Mayor Anna M. Garcia Letty Garza Bobby Benavides Bobby Villarreal

Miriam Fernandez
 • City Administrator Noel Bernal
Area
 • Total 2.9 sq mi (7.4 km2)
 • Land 2.9 sq mi (7.4 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 115 ft (35 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,981
 • Density 1,742/sq mi (672.4/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 78355
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-253681
GNIS feature ID 13356692
Website www.ci.falfurrias.tx.us

Falfurrias is a city in and the county seat of Brooks County, Texas, United States.3 The population was 4,981 at the 2010 census.4 The town is named for founder Edward Cunningham Lasater's ranch, La Mota de Falfurrias. In 1893, the Falfurrias ranch was one of the largest in Texas at some 350,000 acres (140,000 ha).

Geography

Falfurrias is located in northeastern Brooks County at 27°13′36″N 98°8′42″W / 27.22667°N 98.14500°W / 27.22667; -98.14500 (27.226529, -98.144922).5 The city is centered around the intersection of U.S. Highway 281 and State Highway 285. Falfurrias is approximately 78 miles (126 km) southwest of Corpus Christi, 90 miles (140 km) east of Laredo, and 36 miles south of Alice.6

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.4 km2), all land.4

History

Falfurrias' founding and development were largely due to the efforts of Edward Cunningham Lasater, a pioneer Rio Grande Valley rancher and developer.6 In 1895, he started a cattle ranch in what was then northern Starr County. At one point, it was one of the largest ranches in Texas. With the extension of the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway south from Alice to his ranch in 1904, Lasater founded the town of Falfurrias and subdivided a sizable portion of his ranch land for sale to other farmers.7 In 1898, a post office opened in the community. A local newspaper began publication in 1906. Lasater brought in his Jersey cows and established a creamery in 1909.8 Sweet cream butter and other products from Edward Lasater's creamery company made the town a familiar name across the state.7 But that butter is no longer made from milk produced in Falfurrias. Don Pedro Jaramillo, a Mexican-born curandero known as "The Healer of Los Olmos", was buried in Falfurrias in 1907 and is venerated at a shrine there.

The state granted a petition by local residents to form a new county, Brooks, with Falfurrias as its county seat in 1911. Irrigation methods introduced to the area in the 1920s brought in truck farming and the citrus fruit industry. The city became a primary trade and shipping center for the surrounding region. The area received another economic boost in the 1930s and 1940s when extensive oil and gas reserves were discovered around Falfurrias.6

The city had a population of 6,712 in 1950, which declined throughout the latter half of the twentieth century. There were 5,297 people living in Falfurrias in 2000 and 4,981 in 2010.4

Name origin

The name "Falfurrias" antedates Anglo association with the area, and its derivation is uncertain.6 Town founder Edward C. Lasater claimed that it was a Lipan word meaning "the land of heart's delight". Others believed that it was the Spanish name for a native desert flower known as the heart's delight. Another theory is that Falfurrias is a misspelling of one or another Spanish or French word. Still another theorizes that the name refers to a local shepherd named Don Filfarrias. The term filfarrias is Mexican slang for "dirty and untidy".69

Climate

Climate data for Falfurrias, Texas (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 68.4
(20.2)
72.4
(22.4)
79.0
(26.1)
85.5
(29.7)
91.0
(32.8)
95.5
(35.3)
96.7
(35.9)
97.8
(36.6)
92.2
(33.4)
86.1
(30.1)
77.4
(25.2)
69.6
(20.9)
84.3
(29.1)
Average low °F (°C) 45.0
(7.2)
48.2
(9)
54.4
(12.4)
61.1
(16.2)
68.9
(20.5)
73.3
(22.9)
73.9
(23.3)
73.5
(23.1)
70.5
(21.4)
62.0
(16.7)
53.7
(12.1)
46.3
(7.9)
60.9
(16.1)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.10
(27.9)
1.52
(38.6)
1.13
(28.7)
1.35
(34.3)
2.84
(72.1)
2.83
(71.9)
2.66
(67.6)
2.31
(58.7)
3.87
(98.3)
3.35
(85.1)
1.25
(31.8)
1.26
(32)
25.46
(646.7)
Source: NOAA10

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 6,712
1960 6,515 −2.9%
1970 6,355 −2.5%
1980 6,103 −4.0%
1990 5,788 −5.2%
2000 5,297 −8.5%
2010 4,981 −6.0%

As of the census1 of 2000, there were 5,297 people, 1,801 households, and 1,354 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,926.4 people per square mile (743.7/km²). There were 2,062 housing units at an average density of 749.9 per square mile (289.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.21% White, 0.25% African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 21.56% from other races, and 2.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 92.54% of the population.

There were 1,801 households out of which 38.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.0% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.8% were non-families. 22.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.90 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.2% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 23.5% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $15,000, and the median income for a family was $18,208. Males had a median income of $23,438 versus $17,973 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,573. About 43.3% of families and 46.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 58.0% of those under age 18 and 37.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Falfurrias is served by the Brooks County Independent School District. Schools are:

  • Falfurrias Lasater School [Grades Pre-K - 1st] [1]
  • Falfurrias Elementary School [Grades 2nd - 5th] [2]
  • Falfurrias Jr. High School [Grades 6th - 8th] [3]
  • Falfurrias High School [Grades 9th - 12th] [4]

Notable people

In popular vulture

Falfurrias and Brooks County were featured in a 2014 Latino USA story on illegal immigration in South Texas.12

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b c "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Falfurrias city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 22, 2014. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "Falfurrias, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2008-05-10. 
  7. ^ a b "Edward Cunningham Lasater". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved 2008-05-10. 
  8. ^ "Falfurrias, Texas". Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  9. ^ "Falfurrias, Texas Tourism". Exploring America's Highways. Retrieved 2008-05-10. 
  10. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 6, 2013. 
  11. ^ http://www.hoytamaulipas.net/index.php?PHPSESSID=29e59ff154e4bc5b4fc8dd5c0dd52b30&v1=notas&v2=8898&tit=Rodar%C3%A1n_cabezas_en_Nuevo_Laredo
  12. ^ http://latinousa.org/2014/01/03/brooks-county-m-oribe/

External links








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