Fauquier County, Virginia

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Fauquier County, Virginia
Fauquier County Courthouse.jpg
Fauquier County Courthouse in Warrenton Virginia
Seal of Fauquier County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting Fauquier County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1759
Named for Francis Fauquier
Seat Warrenton
Largest town Warrenton
Area
 • Total 651 sq mi (1,686 km2)
 • Land 647 sq mi (1,676 km2)
 • Water 3.8 sq mi (10 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 65,203
 • Density 105/sq mi (40.4/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.fauquiercounty.gov

Fauquier /fɔːˈkɪər/ is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 65,203.1 The county seat is Warrenton.2 In 2011, Fauquier County was number eight on the U.S. Census Bureau list of highest-income counties in the United States.3

Fauquier County is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area.

History

Portrait of Francis Fauquier, for whom Fauquier County was named

In 1608, the first European to explore in the vicinity, Captain John Smith, reported that the Whonkentia (a subgroup of the Siouan-speaking Manahoac tribe) inhabited the area. The Manahoac were forced out around 1670 by the Iroquois (Seneca), who did not resettle the area.4 The Conoy camped briefly near The Plains, from 1697 to 1699.5 The Six Nations ceded the entire region including modern Fauquier to Virginia Colony at the Treaty of Albany, in 1722.

Fauquier County was established on May 1, 1759, from Prince William County. It is named for Francis Fauquier,6 Lieutenant Governor of Virginia at the time, who won the land in a poker game, according to legend.

American Civil War battles in Fauquier County included (in order) the First Battle of Rappahannock Station, the Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, the Battle of Kelly's Ford, the Battle of Aldie, the Battle of Middleburg, the Battle of Upperville, the First and Second Battle of Auburn, the Battle of Buckland Mills, and the Second Battle of Rappahannock Station.

Fauquier County celebrated its 250th anniversary in 2009 with year-long events. The festivities were kicked off with the African-American Historical Association celebrating Black History Month in February. The grand events took place on May 1 when Main Street was filled with guests and residents who enjoyed entertainment by historians, demonstrations, performances, contests, activities, lectures, Kid’s Corner, and live music. Birthday cakes were assembled and shared with the Fauquier Food Distribution Coalition. There were historical site visits including some of the confederate battlefields. Many of the local churches participated in this event with homecoming celebrations. Festivities were concluded with the First Night Warrenton on December 31. This family-oriented event included musical performances, puppet shows and a magician.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 651 square miles (1,690 km2), of which 647 square miles (1,680 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (0.6%) is water.7

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 17,892
1800 21,329 19.2%
1810 22,689 6.4%
1820 23,103 1.8%
1830 26,086 12.9%
1840 21,897 −16.1%
1850 20,868 −4.7%
1860 21,706 4.0%
1870 19,690 −9.3%
1880 22,993 16.8%
1890 22,590 −1.8%
1900 23,374 3.5%
1910 22,526 −3.6%
1920 21,869 −2.9%
1930 21,071 −3.6%
1940 21,039 −0.2%
1950 21,248 1.0%
1960 24,066 13.3%
1970 26,375 9.6%
1980 35,889 36.1%
1990 48,741 35.8%
2000 55,139 13.1%
2010 65,203 18.3%
Est. 2012 66,542 2.1%
U.S. Decennial Census8
1790-19609 1900-199010
1990-200011 2010-20121

As of the census12 of 2000, there were 55,139 people, 19,842 households, and 15,139 families residing in the county. The population density was 85 people per square mile (33/km2). There were 21,046 housing units at an average density of 32 per square mile (13/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 88.39% White, 8.79% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.60% from other races, and 1.33% from two or more races. 2.02% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Typical Fauquier County landscape

By 2005 non-Hispanic whites were 84.5% of the population of the county. African-Americans were still 8.8% of the population. Native Americans were 0.3% while the Asians population was 1.1% of the county total. The Latino population had more than doubled as a percentage of the total population of the county to 4.4%.

In 2000 there were 19,842 households out of which 36.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.80% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.70% were non-families. 18.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.80% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 30.30% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $61,999 (this figure had risen to $93,762 respectively as of a 2011 estimate13). Males had a median income of $45,484 versus $31,738 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,757. About 3.70% of families and 5.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.70% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.

The county is primarily rural and agricultural. There is some industry in Fauquier County, however the largest employer in the County is the county government and the hospital. As of the 2000 census, 47% of county residents that work have jobs that are outside the county.14

Government

Board of Supervisors

Cedar Run District: D. Lee Sherbeyn (R)

Center District: Chris N. Granger (R)

Lee District: Chester W. Stibling (R) - Chairman

Marshall District: Peter B. Schwartz (I)

Scott District: R. Holder Trumbo, Jr. (R) - Vice Chairman

Constitutional Officers

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Gail H. Barb (R)

Commissioner of the Revenue: Ross W. D'Urso (R)

Commonwealth's Attorney: James P. Fisher (R)

Sheriff: Charlie Ray Fox, Jr. (D)

Treasurer: Tanya Remson Wilcox (R)

Fauquier is represented by Republican Jill Holtzman Vogel in the Virginia Senate, Republicans Michael J. Webert, L. Scott Lingamfelter, and Mark L. Cole in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Republicans Robert Hurt and Robert J. "Rob" Wittman in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Education

Elementary schools

  • C. M. Bradley Elementary School
  • James G. Brumfield Elementary School
  • W. G. Coleman Elementary School
  • Grace Miller Elementary School
  • H. M. Pearson Elementary School
  • C. Hunter Ritchie Elementary School
  • P. B. Smith Elementary School
  • Claude Thompson Elementary School
  • Mary Walter Elementary School
  • Greenville Elementary School
  • M. M. Pierce Elementary School

Middle schools

  • Auburn Middle School
  • Cedar Lee Middle School
  • W. C. Taylor Middle School
  • Marshall Middle School
  • Warrenton Middle School

High schools

Private schools

Higher education

Communities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Top 100 counties - Median household income, 2011
  4. ^ Swanton, John R. (1952), The Indian Tribes of North America, Smithsonian Institution, pp. 61–62, ISBN 0-8063-1730-2, OCLC 52230544 
  5. ^ Harrison Williams, Legends of Loudoun, pp. 20-21.
  6. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 2, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ American FactFinder
  14. ^ "Fauquier Times-Democrat: Get A Life, Lose The Commute, August 30, 2007". dead link
  15. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

7. The Civil War in Fauquier by Eugene M Scheel

External links

Coordinates: 38°44′N 77°49′W / 38.74°N 77.81°W / 38.74; -77.81








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