Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2008)|
|Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria|
God Save the King/God Save the Queen
British possessions in Africa (pink)
|Government||British Crown colony|
|-||1914-1919||Sir Frederick John Dealtry Lugard|
|-||1948-1954||Sir John Stuart Macpherson|
|-||Established||1 January 1914|
|-||Disestablished||1 October 1960|
|Currency||British West African pound (1914- 1958)
Nigerian Pound (from 1958)
The Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria was created as a merger of Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate on 1 January 1914, partly because of uneven economy in the two territories, and also due to growing tension with the German colonies.
As one of the wealthiest British colonies, it was a good candidate for being the first colony to be granted independence. Nigeria was first given increased autonomy as the Federation of Nigeria on 1 October 1954 and made fully independent in 1960.