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A First Minister is the leader of a government cabinet, usually now used to refer to the political leader of a subnational entity, such as the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, or of a dependent territory.
In Canada, "First Ministers" is a collective term that refers to all of the Canadian first ministers of the Crown, otherwise known as heads of government, including the Prime Minister of Canada and the provincial and territorial premiers. It is used in such formulae as "first ministers' meetings".
The head of government of Norway was called First Minister (Norwegian: førstestatsråd) between 1814 and 1873, while it was in personal union with Sweden. In 1893, 12 years prior to the dissolution of the union, it was changed to Prime Minister (statsminister).
In the United Kingdom, the term First Minister was once used interchangeably with Prime Minister, as in Winston Churchill's famous line: "I did not become His Majesty's First Minister so that I might oversee the liquidation of the British Empire!"
- First Minister of Scotland
- First Minister of Wales
- First Minister and deputy First Minister (Northern Ireland)
In Germany, the first minister in the federal states is known as the Ministerpräsident. George Price held the office of First Minister of Belize between 1961 and 1964, when the title was changed to Premier.
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