Five Strengths ( Sanskrit, Pali: ) in Buddhism are pañca bala faith, energy, mindfulness, concentration, and wisdom. They are one of the seven sets of " qualities conducive to enlightenment." They are parallel facets of the five " spiritual faculties."
Pañca (Sanskrit, Pali) means "five." 1 Bala (Sanskrit, Pali) means "power," "strength," "force." 2
Faith and Wisdom balance each other, as do Energy and Concentration. The Five Faculties are ‘controlling' faculties because they control or master their opposites. The faculties and powers are two aspects of the same thing.
saddha) - controls doubt Energy/Effort/Persistence (
viriya) – controls laziness Mindfulness (
sati); - controls heedlessness Concentration (
samādhi) - controls distraction Wisdom/Discernment (
pañña, prajña) – controls ignorance
^ See Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), p. 387, entry for "Pañca," retrieved 2008-03-11 from "U. of Chicago" at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.2:1:971.pali; and, Monier-Williams (1964), e.g., p. 579, entry "Pañcaka," retrieved 2008-03-11 from "U. of Cologne" at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MWScan/MWScanpdf/mw0578-paJcAGguri.pdf.
^ See Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), p. 482, entry for "Bala," retrieved 2008-03-11 from "U. of Chicago" at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.2:1:3245.pali; and, Monier-Williams (1964), p. 722, entry "Bala," retrieved 2008-03-11 from "U. of Cologne" at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/cgi-bin/serveimg.pl?file=/scans/MWScan/MWScanjpg/mw0722-barAsI.jpg.
Bodhipakkhiyadhamma - lists the 32 qualities conducive to Enlightenment, which includes the Five Powers.
Indriya - "faculty," includes extended discussion of the Five Spiritual Faculties.