Flag of Bulgaria

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Bulgaria
Flag of Bulgaria.svg
Use Civil and state flag and civil ensign
Proportion 3:5
Adopted 1879 (original version)
1991 (current version)
Design A horizontal tricolour of white , green and red

The flag of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: знаме на България, [znɑmɛ nɑ bɤ̞ɫˈɡɑrijɐ]) is a tricolour consisting of three equal-sized horizontal bands of (from top to bottom) white, green, and red. The flag was first adopted after the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), where Bulgaria gained independence. The national flag at times was charged with the state emblem, especially during the People's Republic of Bulgaria. The current flag was re-established with the 1991 Constitution of Bulgaria and was confirmed in a 1998 law.

History

After the liberational Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878), the flag was described in the Tarnovo Constitution of 1879 as follows:

Art. 23. The Bulgarian people's flag is three-coloured and consists of white, green and red colours, placed horizontally.1

From 1948 until 1990 the emblem of People's Republic of Bulgaria was placed on the left side of the white stripe. It contained a lion within a wreath of wheat ears below a red five-pointed star and above a ribbon bearing the years 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh and 1944, the year when the Fatherland Front took power which lead to the establishment of the People's Republic of Bulgaria.

The new Constitution of Bulgaria, adopted in 1991, describes the Bulgarian flag as follows:

Art. 166. The flag of the Republic of Bulgaria shall be a tricolour: white, green, and red from top, placed horizontally.2

A popular version of the flag, which has no official status, is also commonly seen. It has the full coat of arms on the left of the flag, placed across the white and green fields only.3

Flag law

According to the Law for the State Seal and National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria, promulgated on April 24, 1998:

Art. 15. (1) The national flag of the Republic of Bulgaria is a national symbol which expresses the independence and sovereignty of the Bulgarian state.

(2) The national flag of the Republic of Bulgaria is tricolour: white, green and red fields, placed horizontally from the top downwards. On fixing the national flag in a vertical situation of the carrying body the colours shall be arranged from left to right - white green, red, regarded opposite the flag.

(3) The national flag is of a rectangular shape. The fields of the individual colours shall be equal in size and shall be situated along the horizontal of the rectangular.4

Colours

According to the Standardisation and Metrology Committee, the following are the required colours for use in the national flag:

Colour scheme White Green Red
Pantone textile scale5 Whiteness greater than 80% 17-5936 18-1664
Web colours5 #FFFFFF #00966E #D62612

Gallery

Standard of the President
Standard of the Prime Minister
Standard of the Tsar, -1946
Flag of Bulgaria (1946-1948)
Flag of Bulgaria (1946-1948)
Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967)
Flag of Bulgaria (1948-1967)
Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971). The design of the emblem has changed slightly from the previous version.
Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971). The design of the emblem has changed slightly from the previous version.
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990). The indication of 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh was added to 1944.
Flag of Bulgaria (1971-1990). The indication of 681, the year of the establishment of the First Bulgarian Empire by Asparukh was added to 1944.
Current Bulgarian War flag, similar to Bulgarian war flags from period 1880s - mid 1940s. The motto in Bulgarian means "God is with us".
Current Bulgarian War flag, similar to Bulgarian war flags from period 1880s - mid 1940s. The motto in Bulgarian means "God is with us".
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria
Naval Jack of Bulgaria
Naval Jack of Bulgaria
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1878-1944)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1878-1944)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1949-1955)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1949-1955)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1955-1990)
Naval Ensign of Bulgaria (1955-1990)

See also

References

  1. ^ "Tarnovo Constitution of 1879" (in Bulgarian). Juridical Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  2. ^ "Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria". National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  3. ^ Unofficial flag, taken from 2013 Bulgaria Summer Protests, Darik News, 26 June 2013, and unofficial flag, taken from Protests in Bulgaria: the unnoticed uprising, TheConversation.com, 24 Jun 2013. Both retrieved 27 Jun 2013.
  4. ^ "Law for the State Seal and National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria". National Assembly of the Republic of Bulgaria. Retrieved 2007-09-15. 
  5. ^ a b Government of Bulgaria (2005). "Bulgaria's National Flag". Retrieved 2007-11-09. 

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