Florida–Georgia football rivalry
|Florida–Georgia football rivalry|
|Total meetings||90 (per Florida)
91 (per Georgia)
|Series record||Georgia leads 48–40–2
Georgia leads 49–40–2
|First meeting||November 6, 1915
October 15, 1904
Georgia 37, Florida 0
Georgia 52, Florida 0
|Last meeting||October 27, 2012
Georgia 17, Florida 9
|Next meeting||November 2, 2013|
|Largest win||Georgia, 75–0 (1942)|
|Longest win streak||Florida, 7 (1990–1996)
Georgia, 7 (1941–1948)
|Current win streak||Georgia, 2 (2011–2012)|
The Florida–Georgia football rivalry is an American college football rivalry game played annually by the University of Florida Gators and the University of Georgia Bulldogs nearly every year since 1915. It is one of the great rivalry games in college football, and since 1933 it has been held in Jacksonville, Florida, with only two exceptions, making it one of the few remaining neutral-site rivalries. The game attracts huge crowds to Jacksonville, and the associated tailgating and other events earned it the nickname of the "World's Largest Outdoor Cocktail Party".
The two universities do not agree on when the rivalry began. The University of Georgia's athletic department counts a 1904 match its football squad played against a team from a school known as the University of Florida.1 The game was held in Macon, Georgia, and Georgia won 52–0.1 However, this was not the modern University of Florida in Gainesville, but one of its four predecessor institutions: a school previously known as Florida Agricultural College, based in Lake City.2 Florida's University Athletic Association does not include this game in the series record,3 as it occurred before the modern university was established by the Florida Legislature in 1905,4 and before the new entity fielded its first officially-recognized football team in 1906.3
The first game acknowledged by both schools was held in Jacksonville in 1915. The rivalry has been renewed annually since 1926, except for the 1943 season when Florida did not field a team due to World War II.5 For most of its history, the game has been played at neutral sites. From 1916 to 1932, it was played at several sites in Georgia (Athens and Savannah), and Florida (Tampa, Gainesville and Jacksonville).6 Every year since 1933, the game has been held in Jacksonville, except for 1994 and 1995, when the contest was held at the respective schools' campus stadiums due to the reconstruction of what is now EverBank Field for the National Football League's Jacksonville Jaguars expansion team.7
While the two universities agree that Georgia leads the overall series, they disagree as to the overall series record due to the disputed 1904 game. As of the 2012 contest, Georgia leads with a 49–40–2 record by its reckoning,1 and 48–40–2 by Florida's count.3 Georgia dominated the series before 1951 and had a 15-5 record in the 1970s and 1980s; Florida compiled an 18-3 record from 1990 to 2010.6
The designated "home" team alternates from year to year,8 with ticket distribution split evenly between the fans of the two teams.9 In past years, fans from Florida and Georgia were assigned seats grouped in alternating sections of the stadium, and the contrasting colors worn by the fans created a "beach ball" visual effect in the stands. Recently the seating arrangement has split the stadium lengthwise and fans sit on the side corresponding to the sideline their team occupies. Before the game, much tailgating takes place on the Jacksonville Landing, a riverfront plaza facing the St. Johns River.
The game is one of the busiest annual events in downtown Jacksonville, and attracts huge crowds that congregate around the stadium for tailgating and other happenings. As a result the game and associated revelry have been known as "the World's Largest Outdoor Cocktail Party", a nickname first coined in the 1950s by Bill Kastelz, sports editor for The Florida Times-Union.10 Kastelz claimed he came up with the name after seeing a drunk, stumbling fan offer an alcoholic beverage to an on-duty police officer.10 The "Cocktail Party" nickname proved so popular that the City of Jacksonville used it for many years. However, the city dropped it from most official usage in 1988 following a series of alcohol-fueled outbursts. In 1984, Florida fans stormed the field and tore down the goal posts after a 27–0 victory; the following year, a 24–3 Georgia win led Bulldogs fans to do the same, ultimately resulting in 65 arrests. Thereafter, the city cracked down on excessive drinking and soon dropped its use of the name. In 2006 both schools and the Southeastern Conference asked CBS and the city to abandon the name in promotions due to concerns about alcohol abuse by students and other attendees. As a result, the rivalry has lacked an official name. It is generally called the "Florida–Georgia game" in Florida, or "Georgia–Florida game" in Georgia; some entities, including the Jacksonville newspaper The Florida Times-Union rotate the name each year to list the designated home team first.81112
Unlike many college sports rivalries, the Florida–Georgia game historically has not been played for a trophy. The city of Jacksonville announced that it would award the winning teams the goal posts from the game in 1986, in order to persuade fans not to storm the field and destroy them as they had the previous two years. However, no goal posts were ever given out as neither university wanted them.10
In 2009, the student governments of the two universities announced the creation of a new trophy, the "Okefenokee Oar".13 The 10-foot-long Oar was donated anonymously to the University of Florida in 2009, and has opposing sides carved with symbols and logos from each school.14 The Oar was carved from the remains of a 1,000-year-old cypress tree that once grew in the Okefenokee Swamp, which straddles the Florida–Georgia border and was the source of an interstate boundary dispute.13 Beginning with the 2009 contest, the Okefenokee Oar is presented to the winning university's student body president.1516 No trophy is presented at the game, however.10
By playing the game at a neutral site, rather than on their respective campuses, both universities' athletic programs derive more revenue from the game than if the site rotated on a "home-and-away" basis.7 As of the 2009 contest, the universities made $1.7 million every year, or $3.4 million every two years, as opposed to an expected $2.2 million every two years if the game were played at their respective home stadiums.7 The game weekend is also extremely lucrative for Jacksonville businesses, particularly in the downtown area, with many reporting that it is their busiest weekend of the year.7
Some persons associated with the University of Georgia, including head coach Mark Richt, have expressed interest in moving the game away from Jacksonville periodically or entirely.17 The most frequently cited reason is Georgia's 5–18 win-loss record in the series since 1990, leading to questions about whether Jacksonville, located 342 miles (550 km) from Athens but only 73 miles (117 km) from Gainesville, is truly a neutral site. As such, some Georgia fans and officials have suggested moving the game to the home stadiums, or playing alternately on the campuses, in Jacksonville, and in the Georgia Dome in Atlanta, Georgia every four years.17 Others, such as former Georgia athletic director Damon Evans, have dismissed the idea that Georgia's recent losing record is due to the game being played in Jacksonville.17 University of Florida officials maintain that it makes financial sense to keep the game in Jacksonville; both universities stand to lose revenue if the game were played on a standard "home-and-away" basis.7 Furthermore, as a proposed alternate site, the Georgia Dome seats 13,000 fewer spectators than EverBank Field.7 In 2009, Georgia's athletic board unanimously agreed to a six-year contract to keep the game in Jacksonville through 2016.18
As with most rivalries, there have been a number of close games over the years, often generating controversy and anguish over how the game ended for one of the teams involved. Like the series itself, most of the early memorable games favored the Bulldogs, with more recent ones favoring the Gators. Among the most memorable:
When Charlie Bachman became the 1928 Gators' new head coach, he inherited a team loaded with talent recruited by his predecessor.19 It was, however, a team that had never beaten the Georgia Bulldogs in six previous meetings, and had been out-scored by a total of 190–6 in those games.6 Bachman's Gators changed history; led by All-American end Dale Van Sickel and the "Phantom Four" backfield of Carl Brumbaugh, Rainey Cawthon, Clyde Crabtree and Royce Goodbread, they decisively defeated the 'Dawgs 26–6 in Savannah, Georgia. In an era before national polling, the 1928 Gators outscored their opponents 336–44, set a single-season national scoring record, and finished 8–1.19
Having lost most upper-class players to service in World War II, the 1942 Florida Gators brought an inexperienced 3–4 squad into Jacksonville for the 1942 contest with Georgia.620 The Bulldogs, on the other hand, still had many veteran players thanks to the draft deferments of the players who were enrolled in the University of Georgia's ROTC program, and brought a 7–0 record and No. 1 ranking to Jacksonville.20
Georgia halfback Charley Trippi and Heisman Trophy-winning back Frank Sinkwich combined to score seven touchdowns as Georgia crushed Florida 75–0—the largest margin in series history.621 The Bulldogs finished the regular season 10–1, won the Southeastern Conference championship, defeated the UCLA Bruins 9–0 in the Rose Bowl, and were named national champions by multiple polls and ratings services.2223 Meanwhile, the depleted Gators24 did not win another game during the 1942 season, and with even more players joining the war effort afterward, would not field a team at all in 1943.625
The post–World War II 1940s were a tough slog for the Florida Gators.26 Coached by Raymond Wolf, the Gators' collection of recent high school graduates and returning war veterans suffered the indignity of four consecutive losing seasons—the lowest point in the history of the Gators football program, ironically remembered by the close-knit players as the "Golden Era."26 But there were still stars and bright moments; Wolf's 1949 Florida Gators were led by senior lineman Jimmy Kynes and running back Chuck Hunsinger.27 Given little chance by anyone to beat coach Wally Butts' Georgia Bulldogs in Jacksonville, Kynes inspired his two-way linemen to their outstanding effort of the season, stopping the Bulldogs' running game on defense, and blocking for Hunsinger on offense.28 Hunsinger rushed eighteen times for 174 yards and three touchdowns, and the Gators won 28–7, breaking a seven-game Georgia winning streak.28 Wolf's overall coaching record doomed his four-year tenure in Gainesville, but on that day he was carried from the field by his players.2628
Notwithstanding Georgia's overall advantage in the series, Florida enjoyed a 10–2 streak from 1952 to 1963 under head coaches Bob Woodruff and Ray Graves.6 That changed with the arrival of Vince Dooley as the new head coach of the underdog 1964 Georgia Bulldogs. In a game where the Bulldogs' quarterback failed to complete a single pass and was intercepted twice, Dooleys' 'Dogs relied on their running game, a staunch second-half defense, and a little bit of luck to beat Graves' tenth-ranked Florida Gators.29 With the game tied at 7–7 in the fourth quarter, Bulldogs placekicker Bob Etter lined up for a potential game-winning field goal.29 Instead, in a wild broken play, the Bulldogs' center and placeholder mishandled the snap, but Etter picked up the bobbled ball and ran it for a touchdown to win the game 14–7.29
Dooley's teams would split their first seven games 3–3–1 against Graves' Gators. Thereafter, Dooley's 'Dogs would go on to dominate the rivalry, winning fourteen of the nineteen games from 1970 to 1988.6
The seventh-ranked 1966 Florida Gators entered the game with a 7–0 record and the opportunity to clinch a share of their first-ever SEC title.30 The Gators' senior quarterback, Steve Spurrier, had just locked up the Heisman trophy the previous week with a stellar performance versus the Auburn Tigers.31 The Florida–Georgia game turned out very differently, however, as the Bulldogs defense dominated the game, and Spurrier threw three interceptions in the 27–10 Georgia victory.32
Spurrier returned to Gainesville as the Gators' head coach in 1990, and emphasized the annual Florida–Georgia contest as the "biggest of the year,"33 and enjoying the Gators' overwhelming 11–1 success against their bitter rivals during his tenure.34
The 1970 Florida Gators featured All-American defensive end Jack Youngblood, and he pulled off one of the most remarkable plays in Florida football history. With Bulldogs leading 17–10 and in possession of the ball at the Gators' two-yard line, Youngblood stood up Georgia back Ricky Lake short of the goal, forced a fumble and fell on the football. "They ran a lead play to my side, and I cut it off," Youngblood said. "I'm standing there holding the ballcarrier and I take the ball away from him, and gave it back to our offense." Gators quarterback John Reaves and wide receiver Carlos Alvarez then connected for two touchdown passes in the final 5:13 to rally the Florida Gators to a 24–17 victory.
The 1975 Florida Gators came into the game with a 6–1 record and No. 7 ranking, while the Georgia Bulldogs were 5–2 and ranked No. 19. The Gators' offense was led by running back Tony Green, who ran an early one-yard touchdown to put the Gators ahead 7–0. The Gators led 7–3 as time was winding down in the fourth quarter. Georgia's "Junkyard Dawgs" defense allowed yards between the 20-yard-lines, but ceded little ground in the red zone. The Bulldogs set up at their own 20-yard-line with 3:10 remaining, and head coach Vince Dooley did something he rarely did: he called a trick play. Tight end Richard Appleby accepted the handoff on a reverse to the right, but instead of running downfield, he threw the ball to wide receiver Gene Washington for an improbable 80-yard touchdown play.35 The Gators' final field goal attempt never had a chance, as the snap was rolled to the holder, and Georgia won 10–7.35
The 1976 Florida Gators were 6–1 and ranked No. 10 coming into the game, and again seeking to secure their first SEC football championship. The Gators held a 27–13 halftime advantage and seemed to have the game in hand until the Bulldogs scored early in the third quarter to cut the lead to 27–20. Then, faced with a fourth-and-one situation at the Gators' own 29-yard-line, coach Doug Dickey decided to go for the first down rather than punt. Gators running back Earl Carr was stopped short by Bulldogs safety Johnny Henderson. Led by quarterback Ray Goff's game management and running back Kevin McLee's 198-yard rushing performance, the Bulldogs seized the momentum and scored three touchdowns on their way to a come-from-behind 41–27 win. After the game, Dickey said: "We were not outplayed. We were outcoached. I made some dumb calls."36 Sports writers seized on Dickey's mea culpa, and in subsequent months and years popularized the phrase "fourth and dumb" to refer to Dickey's failed fourth down attempt and the game itself.37
Trailing the underdog 1980 Florida Gators with their perfect season and their No. 2 ranking in jeopardy, the Bulldogs executed one of the most famous plays in college football history.38 Georgia was behind 21–20 with time running out, facing third down and long yardage from their own 7-yard-line. After scrambling around in his own endzone, Bulldog quarterback Buck Belue found wide receiver Lindsay Scott open in the middle of the field near the Georgia 25-yard-line, and hit him with a 25-yard pass. Scott darted through Florida's secondary and outran everyone down the sideline, scoring the game-winning touchdown with only seconds left on the game clock.39
Long-time Georgia radio announcer Larry Munson's legendary call of the play gave the game its nickname:
Florida in a stand-up five, they may or may not blitz. Buck back, third down on the eight. In trouble, he got a block behind him. Gotta throw on the run. Complete to the 25. To the 30, Lindsay Scott 35, 40, Lindsay Scott 45, 50, 45, 40 . . . Run Lindsay, 25, 20, 15, 10, 5, Lindsay Scott! Lindsay Scott! Lindsay Scott!4041
The improbable 93-yard pass play sealed the Bulldogs' 26–21 victory, and kept Georgia's national championship hopes alive.42 The Bulldogs moved to No. 1 in the next round of polls43 and would go on to win the 1980 consensus national championship.4445
After suffering many a heartbreaking defeat to the Bulldogs with a conference championship at stake, coach Galen Hall's 1984 Florida Gators entered the contest undefeated in the SEC. The Gators dominated early, building a 17–0 lead by early in the second half. But the Bulldogs seemed to come alive in the third quarter, mounting a long drive; however, Georgia's drive died in the shadow of the Gators' goal line when they were stuffed on fourth down, checking the Bulldogs momentarily but pinning the Gators deep in their own territory. On the third play following the change of possession, Gators quarterback Kerwin Bell dropped back into his own end zone and lofted a long pass to streaking receiver Ricky Nattiel, who went 96 yards for a touchdown. The Bulldog momentum was snuffed out and the Gators went on to a convincing 27–0 victory, eventually completing an undefeated conference schedule for the first time in Gators history.
The 1985 Florida Gators entered the contest on a roll: coming off an emotional win over the Auburn Tigers, undefeated, and ranked No. 1 in the nation for the first time in school history. This would not be a repeat of the 1984 game, however. As they had done so many times in the past, the Bulldogs spoiled Florida's season, defeating the Gators 24–3 with freshmen running backs Keith Henderson and Tim Worley both rushing for over 100 yards.46
In constant rain, the usually prolific passing game of coach Steve Spurrier's 1993 Florida Gators was stymied.47 Instead, the Gators relied on tailback Errict Rhett to amass 183 yards and two touchdowns to build a 33–26 fourth-quarter lead.47 Led by quarterback Eric Zeier, the Georgia Bulldogs mounted a drive into Florida territory in the final minute and a half.47 Zeier completed what appeared to be the game-tying touchdown to Jerry Jerman with five seconds remaining in the game.48 However, Gators cornerback Anthone Lott had called a timeout just before the ball was snapped, forcing the Bulldogs to play the down again.48 Lott was called for pass interference on the ensuing play, giving Georgia one last untimed chance to score.48 Zeier's final pass fell incomplete, and the Gators won a hard-fought, but controversial 33–26 victory.4849
With Jacksonville's rebuilt Jacksonville Municipal Stadium still under construction,50 this traditional neutral-site showdown was held on the universities' campuses for the first time in over sixty years in 1994 and 1995.6 After winning at "The Swamp" the previous season, the undefeated 1995 Florida Gators hoped to repeat the feat at Sanford Stadium against a struggling Georgia Bulldogs team led by soon-to-be-fired coach Ray Goff.5152
Gators starting quarterback Danny Wuerffel threw for 242 yards and five touchdowns before leaving the game in the third quarter.53 With the Gators leading 38–17 in the fourth quarter, Gators backup quarterback Eric Kresser threw for two more touchdowns, one with 1:21 remaining, to make the final score 52–17.53 After the game, Gators coach Steve Spurrier stated that he had wanted to be the first opponent to hang "half a hundred" on the Bulldogs in their own stadium because "we heard no one had ever done that before."5455 The Gators' fifty-two points remains the record for most scored against Georgia "between the hedges."56
In twelve seasons as the Gators' head coach, Steve Spurrier had led them to an 11–1 record against the Bulldogs, so his departure to the NFL following the 2001 season gave Georgia fans reason to cheer. The 2002 Bulldogs brought a perfect 8–0 record and No. 4 ranking to the annual grudge match in Jacksonville. Under new head coach Ron Zook, the Gators limped into the game with a 5–3 record and unranked for the first time in over a decade.57
Trailing 7–6, the Gators took the lead with a key play on defense. Georgia head coach Mark Richt had inserted freshman quarterback DJ Shockley to run the offense for a series or two each game during the season. Upon entering the contest in the second quarter, Shockley was intercepted by Florida safety Guss Scott, who ran it back for a touchdown, giving his team a 12–7 lead after a failed two-point conversion attempt. The Bulldogs moved the ball but could not punch it into the endzone, settling for two field goals to take a 13–12 lead at halftime.
Defense continued to dominate the game in the second half with the exception of an early fourth-quarter Gator drive that ended with a touchdown pass from quarterback Rex Grossman and gave Florida a 20–13 advantage. The Georgia offense failed to score again and failed to convert a third-down in thirteen attempts as Florida held on for the upset victory.
The 2007 Georgia Bulldogs are remembered for the "Gator Stomp," a first-quarter mass celebration of the entire Georgia team in the Gators' endzone after Georgia's first touchdown, a move that emotionally rallied the underdog Bulldogs.58 Because of the staged celebration, Georgia received two unsportsmanlike conduct penalties and was forced to kick off from their own 8-yard line.59 After the game, Georgia coach Mark Richt acknowledged that he ordered his team to draw an excessive celebration penalty after their first touchdown, but intended that only the eleven players on the field would celebrate, not the entire team.60 The motivational tactic paid off for Richt, as Knowshon Moreno ran for 188 yards and Georgia's defense sacked Gators quarterback Tim Tebow six times in a 42–30 victory.59 The high-scoring game was the first in series history in which both teams scored thirty or more points.6
Before the 2008 Georgia-Florida game, both coaches repeatedly stated that the previous year's incident would have no bearing on the contest. Florida coach Urban Meyer went so far as to issue a gag order to his players, instructing them not to talk about the 2007 game with the media.61 In his authorized biography, published following the season, Meyer said: "That wasn't right. It was a bad deal. It will forever be in the mind of Urban Meyer and in the mind of our football team. We'll handle it, and it's going to be a big deal."62
Coming into the game, the Bulldogs and Gators were both ranked in the top-10, and the winner would have the inside track in the SEC Eastern Division race and a possible shot at a national title. Some commentators went so far as to call it the biggest match-up in the history of the series,63 or at least the previous 20 years.64 After the Bulldogs missed two field goals and failed to recover an onside kick after their first score, the Gators took a 14–3 halftime lead. In the second half, the Bulldogs turned the ball over four times and the Gators turned the game into a 49–10 rout. Tim Tebow accounted for five touchdowns and Percy Harvin added a pair of scores in the Bulldogs' second worst loss of the series. (The Bulldogs lost 47-7 against the 1996 Florida Gators football team.)65
In a move widely assumed to be a response to the Bulldogs' endzone celebration of the previous year, Meyer used both of his remaining timeouts with less than a minute to play, giving his team and their fans more time to celebrate the victory and prolonging the painful loss for Georgia players and fans.65 After the game, he broke his pre-game silence on the 2007 celebration. "Was it motivation for our players? Yeah, it was. Losing doesn't sit well with our players, and it was the only rivalry game we lost last year."66
Florida victories are colored ██ blue. Georgia victories are colored ██ red. Ties are white.
A The University of Georgia athletic association includes the 1904 game in the series win-loss record; the University of Florida's athletic association does not. Please see the Series history section above for further explanation.
The Jacksonville Economic Development Commission created the Florida–Georgia Hall of Fame in 1995 to recognize the players, coaches, and other representatives from each school who have made their mark on the rivalry.67 Each year, four new members (two from each school) are announced in June, and are formally inducted at a luncheon in Jacksonville the Friday before the football game.67 The Florida–Georgia Hall of Fame inductees through 2012 include:6869
Florida: Carlos Alvarez, Reidel Anthony, Kerwin Bell, Howell Boney, Scot Brantley, Joe Brodsky, Norm Carlson, Kevin Carter, Rick Casares, Wes Chandler, Doug Dickey, Chris Doering, Jimmy Dunn, Larry Dupree, Jeremy Foley, Don Gaffney, Ray Graves, Rex Grossman, Galen Hall, Ike Hilliard, Chuck Hunsinger, Willie Jackson, Jr., Doug Johnson, Charlie LaPradd, Buford Long, Wilber Marshall, Shane Matthews, Lee McGriff, Nat Moore, Ricky Nattiel, John Reaves, Errict Rhett, Steve Spurrier, Fred Taylor, Richard Trapp, John L. Williams, Lawrence Wright, Danny Wuerffel, Jack Youngblood.
Georgia: Richard Appleby, Buck Belue, John Brantley, Zeke Bratkowski, Charley Britt, Kevin Butler, Wally Butts, Mike Cavan, Knox Culpepper, Vince Dooley, Robert Edwards, Bob Etter, Ray Goff, Cy Grant, David Greene, Rodney Hampton, Garrison Hearst, Terry Hoage, Dan Magill, Kevin McLee, Willie McClendon, Larry Munson, George Patton, David Pollack, John Rauch, Matt Robinson, Erk Russell, Bill Saye, Jake Scott, Lindsay Scott, Frank Sinkwich, Bill Stanfill, Tommy Thurson, Charley Trippi, Herschel Walker, Tim Worley, Shawn Savage, Gene Washington, Charles Wittemore, Eric Zeier.
- Auburn–Florida football rivalry
- Auburn–Georgia football rivalry
- Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate: Georgia–Georgia Tech football rivalry
- Florida–Florida State football rivalry
- Florida Gators
- Florida–LSU football rivalry
- Florida–Miami football rivalry
- Florida–Tennessee football rivalry
- Georgia Bulldogs
- List of Florida Gators football players
- List of Georgia Bulldogs football players
- 2011 Georgia Football Media Guide, University of Georgia Athletic Department, Athens, Georgia, pp. 157 & 158 (2011). Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Florida Agricultural College was founded as the state's land-grant college in 1884, and pursuant to an act of the Florida Legislature was known as the "University of Florida" from 1903 until it was abolished by the legislature's passage of the Buckman Act in 1905, which merged it and three other schools into the modern University of Florida. See Carl Van Ness & Kevin McCarthy, Honoring the Past, Shaping the Future: The University of Florida, 1853–2003, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, pp. 6–10, 12–13 (2003).
- 2011 Florida Gators Football Media Guide, University Athletic Association, Gainesville, Florida, pp. 116 & 126 (2011). Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Van Ness & McCarthy, Honoring the Past, Shaping the Future, pp. 12–13.
- "The rivalry: Florida vs. Georgia," CBS Sports (undated 2001). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- College Football Data Warehouse, Florida vs. Georgia. Retrieved August 19, 2011.
- Stewart Verney, "Money, not tradition keeps Florida–Georgia game in Jacksonville," Jacksonville Business Journal (October 5, 2010). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- "Games similar to Florida–Georgia," Financial News & Daily Record (July 23, 2009). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Marc Weiszer, "Florida–Georgia tickets not going up," The Florida Times-Union (February 25, 2011). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Michael DiRocco, "Georgia–Florida game needs a name and a trophy," The Florida Times-Union (October 28, 2010). Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- Mike Clark, "Dear reader advocate," The Florida Times-Union (October 28, 2001). Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- Ken Rappoport & Barry Wilner, Football Feuds: The Greatest College Football Rivalries, The Globe Pequot Press, Guilford, Connecticut, pp. 128–129 (2007). Retrieved February 21, 2012.
- Carolyn Crist, "SGAs begin new tradition," The Red and Black (October 29, 2009). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Sarah Giarratana, "SGA's join to forge new tradition with Okefenoke Oar Trophy," The Red and Black (October 29, 2011). Retrieved December 7, 2011.
- Nathan Crabbe, "New to Fla.-Ga.: the 'Okefenokee Oar' to the winner," The Gainesville Sun (October 28, 2009). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Rachel George, "Okefenokee Oar to be awarded for third year to Florida-Georgia winner," Orlando Sentinel (October 29, 2011). Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- Tim Tucker, "UGA weighs moving Florida game . . . but where?," The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (May 17, 2009). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Tim Tucker, "UGA–UF game to stay in Jacksonville," The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (September 23, 1009). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Tom McEwen, The Gators: The Story of Florida Football, The Strode Publishers, Huntsville, Alabama, pp. 82–103 (1974).
- Ryan Ferguson, "It's Still Important to Hate Georgia: A History Lesson," AolNews.com (October 27, 2006). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Dan Magill, "Magill: Dogs' 75–0 thumping of Gators most memorable," Athens Banner-Herald (October 30, 2008). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- 2011 Georgia Football Media Guide, p. 190.
- College Football Data Warehouse, National Championships, 1942 National Championships. Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Associated Press, "Gators Hope to Catch Georgia on Rebound," Sarasota Herald-Tribune, p. 6 (November 4, 1942). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Associated Press, "Leib Expects Good Gator Grid Prospects," The Palm Beach Post (May 27, 1944). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- McEwen, The Gators, pp. 128–151
- Associated Press, "Hunsinger Scores 3 Times; Gators Play Inspired Ball," The Gainesville Sun (November 6, 1949).
- F. T. MacFeely, "Fighting Gators Upset Georgia, 28 to 7," St. Petersburg Times, p. 29 (November 6, 1949). Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- United Press International, "Kicking Specialist Gets Winning Score," The Post and Courier, p. 4-D (November 8, 1964). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Associated Press, "Georgia on Florida's SEC Mind," The Evening Independent, p. 18-A (November 4, 1966). Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Nash, The Greatest Moments of Florida Gators Football, pp. 50–51.
- John Brockman, "Georgia Spoils Gators' Dream, 27–10; Pass Interceptions Wreck Florida's Perfect Record," Sarasota Herald-Tribune, pp. 1-D & 4-D (November 6, 1966). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Eddie Pell, "Gators Recall Georgia-Florida History," Ocala Star-Banner, pp. 1C & 6C (October 28, 1998). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Mark Schlabach, "Ones that love to inflict pain," ESPN.com (August 4, 2010). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Associated Press, "Gators can think, keep dreaming," The Tuscaloosa News, p. 13 (November 10, 1975). Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Jim Smith, "Goff, Bulldogs Bushwhack Gators," Ocala Star-Banner, pp. 1-C & 3-C (November 7, 2011). Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- See, e.g., Pat Dooley, "GA's 10 Biggest Wins," The Gainesville Sun, Florida vs. Georgia (special insert), pp. 10 & 12 (October 28, 1994). Retrieved August 23, 2011.
- Robbie Burns, Belue to Scott!: The greatest moment in Georgia football history, H&H Publishing Company, Macon, Georgia (2010).
- Associated Press, "Belue-to-Scott Desperation Pass Saves 'Dogs from Jaws of Gators," The Albany Sunday Herald, p. 1D (November 9, 1980). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Mic Huber, "This one steeped in history," Sarasota Herald-Tribune (October 28, 2005). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Larry Munson (play-by-play) (1980). Georgia vs. Florida: 1980 Classic (flash required). CBS. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vOhWVvsrq5k. Retrieved October 18, 2012.
- Frank Litsky, "93-Yard Play Beats Florida; Georgia Averts Loss With 93-Yard Play 'Never Give Up'," The New York Times, p. S1 (November 9, 1980). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Tony Barnhart, "New book looks back on "Belue to Scott!" Has it really been 30 years?," The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (August 12, 2010). Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Gordon S. White, Jr., "Georgia Rated No. 1 in Both Wire Polls," The New York Times, p. S1 (January 4, 1981). Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- College Football Data Warehouse, 1980 National Championships. Retrieved August 21, 2011.
- Dan Magill, "Rivalry ripe with great memories," Athens Banner-Herald (October 26, 2006), Retrieved August 20, 2011.
- Robbie Andreu, "Gators reign, 33–26," The Gainesville Sun, pp. 1C & 7C (October 31, 1993). retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Associated Press, "Officials: timeout call was the right one in last Saturday's Florida–Georgia game," Sun Journal, p. 16 (November 2, 1993). Retrieved August 22, 2011.
- Jay Stone, "Bad Call May Cost 'Dogs Bowl Berth," Calhoun Times, p. 1B (November 3, 1993). Retrieved August 22, 2011.
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