||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (November 2012)|
Forest Whitaker, 2013
|Born||Forest Steven Whitaker
July 15, 1961
Longview, Texas, U.S.
|Alma mater||Cal Poly Pomona, University of Southern California, Drama Studio London, New York University|
|Occupation||Actor, producer, director|
|Spouse(s)||Keisha Nash (1996–present; 4 children)|
Forest Steven Whitaker (born July 15, 1961) is an American actor, producer, and director. He has earned a reputation for intensive character study work for films such as Lee Daniels' The Butler, Battlefield Earth, Bird and Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai,12 for his work in direct-to-video films and for his recurring role as ex-LAPD Lieutenant Jon Kavanaugh on the award-winning television series The Shield.3 Whitaker won an Academy Award, a Golden Globe and a BAFTA for his performance as Ugandan dictator Idi Amin in the 2006 film The Last King of Scotland.
Whitaker was born in Longview, Texas, and his family moved to Carson, California when he was four.4 His father, Forest Whitaker, Jr., was an insurance salesman and the son of novelist Forest Whitaker, Sr. His mother, Laura Francis (née Smith), was a special education teacher who put herself through college and earned two Masters degrees while raising her children.56 Whitaker has two younger brothers, Kenn and Damon, and an older sister, Deborah.
Whitaker then attended Cal Poly Pomona7 on a football scholarship, but due to a debilitating back injury, he changed his major to music (voice). He toured England with the Cal Poly Chamber Singers in 1980. While still at Cal Poly, he briefly changed his major to drama. He was accepted to the Music Conservatory at the University of Southern California to study opera as a tenor, and subsequently was accepted into the University's Drama Conservatory.6 He graduated from USC in 1982. He also earned a scholarship to the Berkeley, California branch of the Drama Studio London.8 Whitaker also is pursuing a degree in The Core of Conflict: Studies in Peace and Reconciliation at New York University's Gallatin School of Individualized Study.9
Whitaker has a long history of working with well-regarded film directors and fellow actors, as well as working in direct-to-video films alongside novice actors such as Lil Wayne, Maggie Grace and 50 Cent. In his first solo onscreen performance of note, he had a small role playing a high school football player in the 1982 film version of Cameron Crowe's coming-of-age teen-retrospective, Fast Times at Ridgemont High.6 He co-starred and interacted alongside Judge Reinhold, Phoebe Cates, Sean Penn and Robert Romanus. In 1986, he appeared in Martin Scorsese's film, The Color of Money (with Paul Newman and Tom Cruise), and in Oliver Stone's Platoon. The following year, he co-starred with Robin Williams in the comedy Good Morning, Vietnam.
In 1988, Whitaker played in the film Bloodsport alongside Jean-Claude Van Damme and he had his first lead role starring as musician Charlie Parker in the Clint Eastwood-directed film, Bird. To prepare himself for the part, he sequestered himself in a loft with only a bed, couch, and saxophone,1 having also conducted extensive research and taken alto sax lessons.10 His performance, which has been called "transcendent,"3 earned him the Best Actor award at the 1988 Cannes Film Festival11 and a Golden Globe nomination. Whitaker continued to work with a number of well-known directors throughout the 1990s. He starred in the 1990 film Downtown with Anthony Edwards and Penelope Ann Miller. Neil Jordan cast him in the pivotal role of "Jody", a captive British soldier in his 1992 film, The Crying Game where Whitaker used an English accent. Todd McCarthy, of Variety, described Whitaker's performance as "big-hearted," "hugely emotional," and "simply terrific."12 In 1994, he was a member of the cast that won the first ever National Board of Review Award for Best Acting by an Ensemble for Robert Altman's film, Prêt-à-Porter. He gave a "characteristically emotional performance"13 in Wayne Wang and Paul Auster's 1995 film, Smoke.
Whitaker played a serene, pigeon-raising, bushido-following, mob hit man in Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai, a 1999 film written and directed by Jim Jarmusch. Many consider this to have been a "definitive role" for Whitaker.3 In a manner similar to his preparation for Bird, he again immersed himself in his character's world—he studied Eastern philosophy and meditated for long hours "to hone his inner spiritual hitman."1 Jarmusch has told interviewers that he developed the title character with Whitaker in mind; the New York Times review of the film observed that "[I]t's hard to think of another actor who could play a cold-blooded killer with such warmth and humanity."14
Whitaker next appeared in what has been called one of the worst films ever made,15 the 2000 production of Battlefield Earth, based on the novel of the same name by L. Ron Hubbard. The film was widely criticized as a notorious commercial and critical disaster.1516 However, Whitaker's performance was lauded by the film's director, Roger Christian, who commented that, "Everybody's going to be very surprised" by Whitaker, who "found this huge voice and laugh."17 Battlefield Earth won seven Razzie Awards; Whitaker was nominated for Worst Supporting Actor, but lost to his co-star, Barry Pepper.18 Whitaker later expressed his regret for participating in the film.19
In 2001, Whitaker had a small, uncredited role in the Wong Kar-wai-directed The Follow, one of five short films produced by BMW that year to promote its cars.20 He co-starred in Joel Schumacher's 2002 thriller, Phone Booth, with Kiefer Sutherland and Colin Farrell. That year, he also co-starred with Jodie Foster in Panic Room. His performance as the film's "bad guy" was described as "a subtle chemistry of aggression and empathy."4
Whitaker's 2006 portrayal of Idi Amin in the film, The Last King of Scotland earned him positive reviews by critics as well as multiple awards and honors.2122 To portray the dictator, Whitaker gained 50 pounds, learned to play the accordion, and immersed himself in research.23 He read books about Amin, watched news and documentary footage featuring Amin, and spent time in Uganda meeting with Amin's friends, relatives, generals, and victims; he also learned Swahili and mastered Amin's East African accent.1 His performance earned him the 2007 Academy Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role, making him the fourth African-American actor in history to do so, joining the ranks of Sidney Poitier, Denzel Washington, and Jamie Foxx.24 For that same role, he was also recognized with a Golden Globe, Screen Actors Guild Award, BAFTA Award, and accolades from the New York Film Critics Circle, the Los Angeles Film Critics Association, the National Board of Review, and the Broadcast Film Critics Association among others.25
In 2007, Whitaker played Dr. James Farmer Sr. in The Great Debaters, for which he received an Image Award nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actor.26 In 2008, Whitaker appeared in three films, first as a business man known only as Happiness, who likes butterflies, in the film The Air I Breathe. He also portrayed a rogue police captain in Street Kings, and a heroic tourist in Vantage Point.
After completing several films in the early 1980s, Whitaker gained additional roles in multiple television shows. On the series, Diff'rent Strokes, he played a bully in the 1985 episode "Bully for Arnold".29 That same year, Whitaker also played the part of a comic book salesman in the Amazing Stories episode "Gather Ye Acorns".30 He appeared in the first and second parts of North and South in 1985 and 1986. Throughout the 1990s, Whitaker mainly had roles in television films, including Criminal Justice, The Enemy Within, and Witness Protection.
From 2002 to 2003, Whitaker was the host and narrator of 44 new episodes of the Rod Serling classic, The Twilight Zone, which lasted one season on UPN.31 After working in several film roles, he returned to television in 2006 when he joined the cast of FX's police serial The Shield, as Lieutenant Jon Kavanaugh, who was determined to prove that the lead character, Vic Mackey, is a dirty cop. As opposed to his previous character work, Whitaker stated that he merely had to draw on his childhood years growing up in South Central Los Angeles for the role.3 He received rave reviews for his performance—Variety called it a "crackling-good guest stint"32—and he reprised the role in the show's 2007 season.
In the fall of 2006, Whitaker started a multi-episode story arc on ER as Curtis Ames, a man who comes into the ER with a cough, but quickly faces the long-term consequences of a paralyzing stroke; he then takes out his anger on Doctors Luka Kovač and Abby Lockhart. Whitaker received a 2007 Emmy Award nomination for his performance on the series.33 Also in 2006, Whitaker appeared in T.I.'s music video "Live in the Sky" alongside Jamie Foxx.34
Whitaker branched out into producing and directing in the 1990s. He co-produced and co-starred in A Rage in Harlem in 1991. He made his directorial debut with a grim film about inner-city gun violence, Strapped, for HBO in 1993. In 1995, he directed his first feature, Waiting to Exhale, which was based on the Terry McMillan novel of the same name. Roger Ebert observed that the tone of the film resembled Whitaker's own acting style: "measured, serene, confident."36 Whitaker also directed co-star Whitney Houston's music video of the movie's theme song, "Exhale (Shoop Shoop)".
Whitaker continued his directing career with the 1998 romantic comedy, Hope Floats, starring Sandra Bullock and Harry Connick, Jr. He directed Katie Holmes in the romantic comedy, First Daughter in 2004; he had co-starred with Holmes in Phone Booth in 2002. Whitaker served as an executive producer on First Daughter. He had previously gained experience as the executive producer of several made-for-television movies, most notably the 2002 Emmy-award winning Door to Door, starring William H. Macy. He produced these projects through his production company, Spirit Dance Entertainment, which he shut down in 2005 to concentrate on his acting career.310
Whitaker plays an active role as co-chair of JuntoBox Films since his initial involvement as co-chair with the collaborative film studio starting in March of 2012.38 JuntoBox was developed as a social-media platform for filmmakers and fans to share ideas to create films and then collaborate to make them. Since Whitaker joined as co-chair, five projects have been greenlited for production.39
In addition to the numerous awards Whitaker won for his performance in The Last King of Scotland, he has also received several other honors. In September 2006, the 10th Annual Hollywood Film Festival presented him with its "Hollywood Actor of the Year Award," calling him "one of Hollywood's most accomplished actors."40 He was honored at the Santa Barbara International Film Festival 2007, where he received the American Riviera Award.41
Previously, in 2005, the Deauville (France) Festival of American Film paid tribute to him.42 Whitaker was the recipient of the 2,335th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame on April 16, 2007.4344 He received an Honorary Degree from Xavier University of Louisiana in 2009 at the 82nd Commencement Ceremony.45 He has also produced Monte Carlo.
In 1996, Whitaker married actress Keisha Nash, whom he met on the set of Blown Away.2 The Whitakers have four children: two daughters together (Sonnet and True), and his son (Ocean) and her daughter (Autumn) from previous relationships. On Inside the Actors Studio, Whitaker said that a genetic test indicated he was of Igbo descent through his patrilineal line, and of Akan descent through his matrilineal line.46
Whitaker's left eye ptosis has been called "intriguing" by some critics47 and "gives him a lazy, contemplative look."48 Whitaker has explained that the condition is hereditary and that he has considered having surgery to correct it, not for cosmetic reasons but because it affects his vision.49
Whitaker, who is a vegetarian,2 recorded a public service announcement with his daughter, True, promoting vegetarianism on behalf of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA).50 He is also a supporter and public advocate for Hope North, a boarding school and vocational training center in northern Uganda for escaped child soldiers, orphans, and other young victims of the country's civil war.51
In politics, Whitaker supported and spoke on behalf of Senator Barack Obama in his 2008 presidential campaign.52 On April 6, 2009, Whitaker was given a chieftaincy title in Imo State, Nigeria. Whitaker, who was named a chief among the Igbo community of Nkwerre, was given the title Nwannedinamba of Nkwerre, which means A Brother in a Foreign Land.
Whitaker was inducted as a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for Peace and Reconciliation, in a ceremony at UNESCO headquarters on June 21, 2011. As Goodwill Ambassador, Whitaker works with UNESCO to support and develop initiatives that empower youths and keep them from entering or remaining in cycles of violence. At the induction ceremony, U.S. Ambassador to UNESCO David Killion described Whitaker as a "perfect choice as a Goodwill Ambassador...He has exemplified compassion in every area of his life, with humility and grace. He does this because it's the right thing to do."53
In May 2011, Whitaker co-founded with Dr. Aldo Civico the International Institute for Peace (IIP) at Rutgers University in Newark, New Jersey. Launched during the international Newark Peace Education Summit, IIP’s mission is to develop programs and strategic partnerships to address cutting-edge issues such as increasing citizen security through community-building; the role of women and spiritual and religious leaders in peace-building; the impact of climate change; and the reduction of poverty. Whitaker serves as chairman of IIP while Civico, who teaches sociology and anthropology at Rutgers-Newark, is the director. IIP operates under the auspices of UNESCO as a Category 2 Center.
|1995||Waiting to Exhale|
|1998||Hope Floats||Nominated — Black Film Award for Best Director|
|1982||Making The Grade||Episode "Marriage David Style"|
|1983||Cagney & Lacey||Night Manager||Episode "The Grandest Jewel Thief of Them All"|
|1984||Trapper John, M.D.||Lewis Jordan||Episode "School Nurse"|
|1984||Hill Street Blues||Floyd Green||Episode "Blues for Mr. Green"|
|1985||Diff'rent Strokes||Herman||Episode "Bully for Arnold"|
|1985||Grand Baby, TheThe Grand Baby||Television movie|
|1985||Fall Guy, TheThe Fall Guy||Friend||Episode "Spring Break"|
|1986||Amazing Stories||Jerry||Episode "Gather Ye Acorns"|
|1987||Hands of a Stranger||Sergeant Delaney||Television movie|
|1990||Criminal Justice||Jessie Williams||Television movie|
|1993||Lush Life||Buddy Chester||Television movie|
|1993||Last Light||Fred Whitmore||Television movie
Nominated — CableACE Award for Actor in a Movie or Miniseries
|1994||Enemy Within, TheThe Enemy Within||Colonel MacKenzie 'Mac' Casey||Television movie
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
|1996||Rebound: The Legend of Earl "The Goat" Manigault||Mr. Rucker||Television movie|
|1999||Witness Protection||Steven Beck||Television movie|
|2001||Feast of All Saints||Daguerreotypist Picard||Television movie|
|2003||Deacons for Defense||Marcus Clay||Television movie
Black Reel Award for Best Actor: T.V. Movie/Cable
Nominated — NAACP Image Award for Outstanding Actor in a Television Movie, Mini-Series or Dramatic Special
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
|Twilight Zone, TheThe Twilight Zone||Host / Narrator||44 episodes|
|ER||Curtis Ames||6 episodes
Nominated — Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Drama Series
|The Shield||Lieutenant Jon Kavanaugh||(Seasons 5 and 6)
Nominated — Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actor – Series, Miniseries or Television Film
|American Dad!||Daniel Turlington||3 episodes|
|2010||Criminal Minds||Sam Cooper||Episode "The Fight"|
|2011||Criminal Minds: Suspect Behavior||Sam Cooper||Spin-off|
- "In general, he rules." The Boston Globe. October 1, 2006.
- "Forest Whitaker: The King Of The Oscars?" CBS News. February 4, 2007.
- Sternbergh, Adam. "Out of the Woods: How Forest Whitaker escaped his career slump." New York. January 9, 2006.
- Patterson, John. "The bigger picture." The Guardian. dildo 20, 2002.
- "Forest Whitaker Biography (1961–)." FilmReference.com.
- "Forest Whitaker". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 13. Episode 1. December 11, 2006. http://www.bravotv.com/Inside_the_Actors_Studio/guest/Forest_Whitaker.
- "Cal Poly Pomona". CSU Mentor. Retrieved September 12, 2008.
- Joshua Rich. "Spotlight: Forest Whitaker." EW.com.
- Laura Randall "BLACKBOARD: Independent Study; A Twin Peek: What The Stars Do at N.Y.U." "NY Times".
- Longino, Bob. "The power of Forest Whitaker." The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. October 12, 2006.
- "Festival de Cannes: Bird". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
- McCarthy, Todd. "The Crying Game (Review)." Variety. September 11, 1992.
- Stratton, David. "Smoke (Review)." Variety. February 20, 1995.
- Scott, A.O. "'Ghost Dog': Passions of Emptiness in an Essay on Brutality." New York Times. March 3, 2000.
- Campbell, Duncan. "Cult Classic." Guardian Unlimited. May 31, 2005.
- Ebert, Roger. "Battlefield Earth." Chicago Sun-Times. May 12, 2000.
- Graham, Bob. "What on Earth Are These Guys Doing?" San Francisco Chronicle. April 30, 2000.
- "Hollywood honours its worst". BBC News. March 25, 2001. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- . IMDb http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0185183/trivia?ref_=tt_trv_trv. Retrieved 22 September 2013. Missing or empty
- The Follow. MSN Movies.
- Hirshon, Nicholas (September 17, 2006). "Reel Study of a Tyrant". New York Daily News. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Hall, Sandra (February 2, 2007). "The Last King of Scotland". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- "Forest Whitaker: The King Of The Oscars?" CBS News/ February 4, 2007.
- Cocks, Tim (February 26, 2007). "Ugandans laud Whitaker for Oscar". Independent Online. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Foley, Doug (February 24, 2007). "Here's a list of what honours the top movies and Oscar nominees have won" (Registration required). The Spectator. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- "'Great Debaters' scores 8 Image Award nods". MSNBC. Associated Press. January 8, 2008. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Feinberg, Scott (August 17, 2013). "'The Butler' Builds Oscar Credentials With Strong Critical, Commercial Debut (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 19, 2013.
- Grover, Ronald (February 15, 2007). "The Academy Should Reward Whitaker". BusinessWeek. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Schultz, Paul (August 28, 2006). "VD Review: Amazing Stories — The Complete First Season". The Trades. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- The Twilight Zone (2002). epguides.com.
- Lowry, Brian. "The Shield (Review)." Variety. March 27, 2007.
- Kings, Susan (July 19, 2007). "Emmy nominations unveiled". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Reid, Shaheem; Yasmine Richard (August 14, 2006). "T.I. Gets Vulnerable, Jamie Foxx Provides Comic Relief On 'Live In The Sky' Video Set". MTV. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- Michael Ausiello (January 25, 2010). "Scoop: Forest Whitaker to headline 'Criminal Minds' spin-off!". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 7, 2010.
- Ebert, Roger. "Waiting to Exhale (review)." Chicago Sun-Times. December 22, 1995.
- Makinen, Julie (January 26, 2013). "Sundance 2013: 'Fruitvale' wins Grand Jury Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- Graser, Marc (March 1, 2012). "Forest Whitaker to co-chair JuntoBox Films". Variety.
- "Press release." Hollywood Film Festival News. September 28, 2006.
- "Festival 2007 Tributes." Santa Barbara International Film Festival. sbiff.org.
- Nesselson, Lisa. "Deauville tips hat." Variety. August 18, 2005.
- "Forest Whitaker Gets Star On Walk Of Fame." The Insider. April 17, 2007. Accessed January 9, 2009.
- "Forest Whitaker Gets Walk of Fame Star". Fox News. Associated Press. April 16, 2007. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- "Commencement 2009". Xavier University of Louisiana. Accessed January 9, 2009.
- James Lipton (Himself — Host), Forest Whitaker (Himself) (December 11, 2006). "Inside the Actors Studio: Forest Whitaker (2006)". Inside the Actors Studio. Season 13. Bravomedia. Bravotv. http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1013110/.
- Wloszczyna, Susan. "'Last King' demanded obedience to their craft." USA Today. October 2, 2006.
- Zackarek, Stephanie. "Jim Jarmusch adds lyrical violence to a Zen meditation on warriors hip-hop and ancient." Salon.com. March 9, 2000.
- Sager, Mike. "What I've Learned: Forest Whitaker." Esquire. February 26, 2007.
- PSA for PETA PETA TV.
- "Hope North". Hope North. Retrieved September 17, 2010.
- "Actor Forest Whitaker campaigns for Barack Obama at Grand Rapids Community College". The Grand Rapids Press. October 9, 2008. Retrieved January 14, 2010.
- "Forest Whitaker Named UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for Peace and Reconciliation." U.S. Mission to UNESCO. June 22, 2011.
- "'Phone' release delayed". Amarillo.com. Associated Press. October 18, 2002. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
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