Gallatin County, Kentucky

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Gallatin County, Kentucky
Gallatin county courthouse.jpg
Gallatin County Courthouse in Warsaw, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Gallatin County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1798
Named for Albert Gallatin
Seat Warsaw
Largest city Warsaw
Area
 • Total 104.67 sq mi (271 km2)
 • Land 98.81 sq mi (256 km2)
 • Water 5.87 sq mi (15 km2), 5.61%
Population
 • (2010) 8,589
 • Density 87/sq mi (34/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website gallatincounty.ky.gov

Gallatin County, is a county located along the Ohio River in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,589.1 Its county seat is Warsaw.2 The county was founded in 1798 and named for Albert Gallatin, the Secretary of the Treasury under President Thomas Jefferson.34

History

The county was formed on December 14, 1798. Gallatin was the 31st Kentucky county to be established. It was derived from parts of Franklin and Shelby counties.5 Later, parts of the county were pared off to create three additional counties: Owen in 1819, Trimble in 1836 and Carroll in 1838. Today Gallatin is one tenth of its original size. Its northern border is the Ohio River.

During the Civil War, skirmishes occurred in the county and Union forces arrested some men for treason. After the end of the war, the Ohio River near Warsaw was the scene of one of the worst steamboat accidents in history. Two passenger steamers, the America and the United States, collided. As the United States carried a cargo of barrels of kerosene which caught fire, soon both boats were in flames. The death toll was 162.

As the 20th century progressed, commercial river trade began to decline, and the steamboat era ended, as most people preferred faster modes of transportation. The railroads increased in capacity, automobiles and trucks became reliable, and aircraft became prevalent. Construction on the Markland Locks and Dam began in 1956 and was completed in 1964. In 1967 a hydroelectric power plant was built at the dam, which provided jobs. Gallatin County is traversed by I-71, U.S. 42, and U.S. 127. By the 1980s, more than 50 percent of the population was employed outside the county.6

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 104.67 square miles (271.1 km2), of which 98.81 square miles (255.9 km2) (or 94.40%) is land and 5.87 square miles (15.2 km2) (or 5.61%) is water.7 This makes it the smallest county in Kentucky.8

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 1,291
1810 3,307 156.2%
1820 7,075 113.9%
1830 6,674 −5.7%
1840 4,003 −40.0%
1850 5,137 28.3%
1860 5,056 −1.6%
1870 5,074 0.4%
1880 4,832 −4.8%
1890 4,611 −4.6%
1900 5,163 12.0%
1910 4,697 −9.0%
1920 4,664 −0.7%
1930 4,437 −4.9%
1940 4,307 −2.9%
1950 3,969 −7.8%
1960 3,867 −2.6%
1970 4,134 6.9%
1980 4,842 17.1%
1990 5,393 11.4%
2000 7,870 45.9%
2010 8,589 9.1%
Est. 2012 8,479 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census9
2012 Estimate10

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 8,589 people residing in the county. 94.7% were White, 1.3% Black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 1.6% of some other race and 2.0% of two or more races. 4.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 22.6% were of German, 21.4% American, 13.8% Irish and 6.5% English ancestry.11

As of the census12 of 2000, there were 7,870 people, 2,902 households, and 2,135 families residing in the county. The population density was 80 per square mile (31 /km2). There were 3,362 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.72% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,902 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,422, and the median income for a family was $41,136. Males had a median income of $32,081 versus $21,803 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,416. About 11.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 16.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Notable residents

Albert Gallatin is honored with a statue in front of the U.S. Treasury Building in Washington, D.C.

See also

References

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 133. 
  4. ^ http://www.kyenc.org/entry/g/GALLA01.html
  5. ^ Collins, Lewis (1882). Collins' Historical Sketches of Kentucky: History of Kentucky, Volume 2. Collins & Company. p. 26. 
  6. ^ "Gallatin County", Rootsweb
  7. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  8. ^ http://www.uky.edu/KentuckyAtlas/kentucky-counties.html
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder"
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

Coordinates: 38°46′N 84°52′W / 38.76°N 84.86°W / 38.76; -84.86








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