Gallatin County, Kentucky
|Gallatin County, Kentucky|
Gallatin County Courthouse in Warsaw, Kentucky.
Location in the state of Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Albert Gallatin, United States Secretary of the Treasury (1801–1814).|
|• Total||104.67 sq mi (271 km2)|
|• Land||98.81 sq mi (256 km2)|
|• Water||5.87 sq mi (15 km2), 5.61%|
|• Density||87/sq mi (34/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Gallatin County, founded in 1798 and named for Albert Gallatin, a Swiss native who served as Secretary of the Treasury for President Thomas Jefferson,1 is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky along the Ohio River, which at its formation was the main transportation route. As of 2010, the population was 8,589. Its county seat is Warsaw2.
The county was formed on December 14, 1798. Gallatin was the 31st Kentucky county to be established. It was derived from parts of Franklin and Shelby counties. Later, parts of the county were pared off to create three additional counties: Owen in 1819, Trimble in 1836 and Carroll in 1838. Today Gallatin is one tenth of its original size. Its northern border is the Ohio River.
During the Civil War, skirmishes occurred in the county and Union forces arrested some men for treason. After the end of the war, the Ohio River near Warsaw was the scene of one of the worst steamboat accidents in history. Two passenger steamers, the America and the United States, collided. As the United States carried a cargo of barrels of kerosene which caught fire, soon both boats were in flames. The death toll was 162.
As the 20th century progressed, commercial river trade began to decline, and the steamboat era ended, as most people preferred faster modes of transportation. The railroads increased in capacity, automobiles and trucks became reliable, and aircraft became prevalent. Construction on the Markland Locks and Dam began in 1956 and was completed in 1964. In 1967 a hydroelectric power plant was built at the dam, which provided jobs. Gallatin County is traversed by I-71, U.S. 42, and U.S. 127. By the 1980s, more than 50 percent of the population was employed outside the county.3
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 104.67 square miles (271.1 km2), of which 98.81 square miles (255.9 km2) (or 94.40%) is land and 5.87 square miles (15.2 km2) (or 5.61%) is water.4 This makes it the smallest county in Kentucky.5
- Switzerland County, Indiana (north, across the Ohio River)
- Boone County (northeast)
- Grant County (southeast)
- Owen County (south)
- Carroll County (west)
As of the census8 of 2000, there were 7,870 people, 2,902 households, and 2,135 families residing in the county. The population density was 80 per square mile (31 /km2). There were 3,362 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.72% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,902 households out of which 37.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.00% were married couples living together, 10.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the county the population was spread out with 28.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 31.00% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,422, and the median income for a family was $41,136. Males had a median income of $32,081 versus $21,803 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,416. About 11.60% of families and 13.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.60% of those under age 18 and 16.40% of those age 65 or over.
- Samuel Brenton (November 22, 1810 - March 29, 1857) a US Representative from Indiana; born in Gallatin County, Kentucky.
- John Taylor (Baptist preacher), a notable pioneer preacher and church historian, who became part of the frontier planter elite, holding 20 slaves and 2,000 acres (8.1 km2) in the county by the early 19th century.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Gallatin County", Rootsweb
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.