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As of 2001[update] India census,5 Garulia had a population of 76,309. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Garulia has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 67%. In Garulia, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
North 24 Parganas district has been identified as one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.6