Geary County, Kansas

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Geary County, Kansas
Geary county courthouse kansas.jpg
Geary County Courthouse in Junction City
Map of Kansas highlighting Geary County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 7, 1889
Named for John W. Geary
Seat Junction City
Largest city Junction City
Area
 • Total 404.39 sq mi (1,047 km2)
 • Land 384.69 sq mi (996 km2)
 • Water 19.70 sq mi (51 km2), 4.87%
Population
 • (2010) 34,362
 • Density 62.8/sq mi (24.3/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.geary.kansasgov.com

Coordinates: 39°00′N 96°40′W / 39.000°N 96.667°W / 39.000; -96.667

Geary County (county code GE) is a county located in Northeast Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 34,362.1 Its county seat and most populous city is Junction City.2 The county is named in honor of Governor John W. Geary.

Geary County is part of the Manhattan, KS Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Geary County was formed on August 30, 1855 as an original county from open, free territory. It was among the first 33 counties established by the territory government.citation needed

Geary County was originally named Davis County in 1855 after Jefferson Davis. In 1862 and 1864 after Davis became president of the confederacy, attempts were made to change the county's name, but both failed. Federal census records show it as Davis County from 1860 through 1880, in addition to the 1885 Kansas State census. In 1888 the county was renamed in honor of John W. Geary, an early Governor of the Kansas Territory.34

Law and government

Geary County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement. The food sales requirement was removed with voter approval in 1990.5

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 404.39 square miles (1,047.4 km2), of which 384.69 square miles (996.3 km2) (or 95.13%) is land and 19.70 square miles (51.0 km2) (or 4.87%) is water.6

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 1,163
1870 5,526 375.2%
1880 6,994 26.6%
1890 10,428 49.1%
1900 10,744 3.0%
1910 12,681 18.0%
1920 13,452 6.1%
1930 14,366 6.8%
1940 15,222 6.0%
1950 21,671 42.4%
1960 28,779 32.8%
1970 28,111 −2.3%
1980 29,852 6.2%
1990 30,453 2.0%
2000 27,947 −8.2%
2010 34,362 23.0%
Est. 2012 38,013 7 10.6%
U.S. Decennial Census8
2012 estimate
2005 KDOT Map of Geary County (map legend)

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,9 there were 27,947 people, 10,458 households, and 7,582 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 11,959 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 64.13% White, 22.03% Black or African American, 0.75% Native American, 3.16% Asian, 0.41% Pacific Islander, 4.10% from other races, and 5.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.45% of the population.

There were 10,458 households out of which 39.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 12.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county the population was spread out with 29.60% under the age of 18, 13.60% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 17.40% from 45 to 64, and 9.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,917, and the median income for a family was $36,372. Males had a median income of $25,942 versus $21,389 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,199. About 9.70% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 9.90% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Unincorporated places

Fort Riley

Located north of the junction of the Smoky Hill and Republican rivers, the Fort Riley Military Reservation covers 100,656 acres (407 km2) in Geary and Riley counties. The fort has a daytime population of nearly 25,000 and includes two census-designated places:

Townships

Geary County is divided into eight townships. The city of Junction City is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Blakely 07275 113 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.01% 38°54′32″N 96°45′9″W / 38.90889°N 96.75250°W / 38.90889; -96.75250
Jackson 34775 78 1 (2) 104 (40) 0 (0) 0% 39°1′25″N 96°33′42″W / 39.02361°N 96.56167°W / 39.02361; -96.56167
Jefferson 35200 Grandview Plaza 1,651 13 (35) 124 (48) 2 (1) 1.55% 39°1′53″N 96°46′53″W / 39.03139°N 96.78139°W / 39.03139; -96.78139
Liberty 40050 225 1 (3) 171 (66) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°54′53″N 96°36′8″W / 38.91472°N 96.60222°W / 38.91472; -96.60222
Lyon 43500 298 3 (7) 113 (43) 1 (1) 1.20% 38°55′17″N 96°52′3″W / 38.92139°N 96.86750°W / 38.92139; -96.86750
Milford 46550 1,583 16 (41) 101 (39) 28 (11) 21.49% 39°8′59″N 96°54′22″W / 39.14972°N 96.90611°W / 39.14972; -96.90611
Smoky Hill 66000 4,974 33 (86) 149 (58) 20 (8) 11.84% 39°2′14″N 96°53′58″W / 39.03722°N 96.89944°W / 39.03722; -96.89944
Wingfield 80025 139 1 (3) 123 (48) 0 (0) 0% 38°59′38″N 96°38′37″W / 38.99389°N 96.64361°W / 38.99389; -96.64361
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education

Unified school districts

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Cutler, William G. (1883). History of the State of Kansas. A.T. Andreas. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 135. 
  5. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 
  6. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  7. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  8. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading

External links

Official sites
Historical
Maps









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