Lee playing his Fender Jazz bass at a 2008 live performance at the Xcel Energy Center
|Birth name||Gary Lee Weinrib|
July 29, 1953 |
Willowdale, Ontario, Canada
|Genres||Hard rock, progressive rock, heavy metal|
|Occupations||Musician, songwriter, producer|
|Instruments||Bass guitar, vocals, keyboards, synthesizers, guitar|
|Labels||Mercury, Anthem, Atlantic|
|Associated acts||Rush, Big Dirty Band|
|Geddy Lee Signature model Jazz Bass
Fender Precision Bass
Custom Wal basses
Geddy Lee Weinrib (born Gary Lee Weinrib, July 29, 1953),12 known professionally as Geddy Lee, is a Canadian musician and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist, bassist, and keyboardist for the Canadian rock group Rush. Lee joined what would become Rush in September 1968, at the request of his childhood friend Alex Lifeson, replacing original bassist and frontman Jeff Jones.3 In addition to his composing, arranging, and performing duties for Rush, Lee has produced for various other bands, including Rocket Science. Lee's first solo effort, My Favourite Headache, was released in 2000.
An award-winning musician, Lee's style, technique, and skill on the bass guitar have inspired many rock musicians such as Cliff Burton of Metallica,4 Steve Harris of Iron Maiden,5 John Myung of Dream Theater,6 and Les Claypool of Primus.7 Along with his Rush bandmates – guitarist Alex Lifeson and drummer Neil Peart – Lee was made an Officer of the Order of Canada on May 9, 1996. The trio was the first rock band to be so honoured, as a group.8 Lee is ranked 13th by Hit Parader on their list of the 100 Greatest Heavy Metal vocalists of all time.9
- 1 Biography
- 2 Body of work
- 3 Vocal style
- 4 Equipment used
- 5 Awards
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Lee was born Gary Lee Weinrib on July 29, 1953 in Willowdale, (North York) Toronto, Ontario, Canada to Morris and Mary Weinrib (née Manya Rubenstein).110 Lee's stage name, Geddy, was inspired by his mother's heavily accented pronunciation of his given first name, Gary, and it later became his high school nickname before he adopted it as his stage name. In an interview written in Bass Frontiers Magazine, Lee explains; "My born name is Gary. My real name, now, is Geddy. Okay, it's like the same story of Leave it to Beaver. (laughs). The story goes: my mother is Polish and she has a very thick accent. When I was about twelve years old, I had a friend who, whenever he heard my mother pronounce my name, he thought she was calling me, 'Geddy'. He started calling me 'Geddy', and eventually, all of my friends started calling me 'Geddy', and eventually my mother started to call me 'Geddy', for real. And eventually, I changed my name legally to 'Geddy', so that's the story and that's my name, Geddy."11
Lee's parents were Jewish refugees from Poland who had been survivors of the Dachau and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps during World War II. In 2004, Jweekly featured Lee's reflections on his mother's experiences as a refugee, and of his own Jewish heritage.10 In an interview with Rob Tannenbaum of Maxim, Lee described the two most Jewish things about him as "[M]y nose and my sense of humor. I'm kind of a Jewish atheist: I bathe in the racial beauty of Judaism, but I don’t really see what that has to do with a belief in God. The only time I pray is on the tennis court."12
Lee married Nancy Young in 1976. They have a son, Julian, and a daughter, Kyla.
Lee is an avid wine collector, with a particular penchant for the Burgundies14 and a collection of some 5,000 bottles.15 He takes annual trips to France, where he indulges in cheese and fine wine.16 In 2011, a charitable foundation he supports, Grapes for Humanity, created the Geddy Lee Scholarship for students of winemaking at Niagara College.17
He is also a longtime fan of baseball. During his youth, he watched the Detroit Tigers, but his attention to the sport decreased when his interest in music began.18 Once Rush began touring, he began to watch broadcasts of Chicago Cubs games, as they coincided with lulls in his schedule.18 The 1977 Major League Baseball expansion added the Toronto Blue Jays to the American League, and Lee immediately became a fan of the team.18 In the 1980s, Lee began reading the works of Bill James, particularly the The Bill James Baseball Abstracts, which led to an interest in sabermetrics and participation in a fantasy baseball keeper league.18 He also collects baseball memorabilia.1920 He threw the ceremonial first pitch to inaugurate the 2013 Toronto Blue Jays season.21
On June 5, 2008, Lee donated his entire collection of nearly 200 autographed Negro League baseballs to the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum in Kansas City, Missouri.222324 Bob Kendrick, a director at the museum stated, "Some of these guys have been dead for some time, and we could not get these (signatures) before no matter what their significance was in the Negro Leagues."25
The bulk of Lee's work in music has been with Rush (see Rush discography). However, Lee has also contributed to a body of work outside of his involvement with the band through guest appearances and album production. In 1981, Lee was the featured guest for the hit song "Take Off" and its included comedic commentary with Bob and Doug McKenzie (played by Rick Moranis and Dave Thomas, respectively) for the McKenzie Brothers' comedy album Great White North. While Rush has had great success selling albums, "Take Off" has been the highest charting single on the Billboard Hot 100 of Lee's career.
The following year, Lee produced the debut (and only) album from Toronto new wave band Boys Brigade. On the 1985 album We Are the World, by humanitarian consortium USA for Africa, Lee recorded guest vocals for the song "Tears Are Not Enough".26 Apart from band contributions, Lee sang the Canadian National Anthem in front of a full crowd at Baltimore's Camden Yards for the 1993 All-Star Game.27
Another version of "O Canada" in rock format was recorded by Lee and Lifeson on the accompanying soundtrack CD for the Trey Parker and Matt Stone film South Park: Bigger, Longer, and Uncut released in 1999.28
My Favourite Headache, Lee's first and only solo album to date, was released on November 14, 2000 while Rush was on a hiatus due to tragedies in drummer Neil Peart's life.29 Lee appeared in Broken Social Scene's music video for their 2006 single "Fire Eye'd Boy", judging the band while they perform various musical tasks, and in 2006, Lee joined Lifeson's supergroup the Big Dirty Band, to provide songs accompanying Trailer Park Boys: The Movie.30
Lee has also been interviewed for such documentary films as "Metal: A Headbangers Journey" and "Rush: Beyond the Lighted Stage" as well as various episodes of the new VH1 Classic series "Metal Evolution".
Lee's voice has been referred to as an "astoundingly high" tenor.31 During Rush's early period, Lee's voice was described as a "Robert Plant-esque wail."1 Beginning with the Permanent Waves album in 1980, Lee gradually changed his vocal style to a more restrained sound.1
Lee has said that he maintains "a fairly strict diet" in order to accommodate the vocal demands of his music before and during tours. He avoids dairy products, certain spices, and "highly acidic foods like vinegars and white wines."16
Lee has varied his equipment list continually throughout his career.
From Fly By Night onward, Lee favoured Rickenbacker basses, particularly the 4001 model. It was during the making of A Farewell to Kings when he began using a custom made Rickenbacker Bass/Guitar Double Neck, incorporating a 4001 bass and a 480 12-string guitar. This would become the black Rickenbacker 4080/12 Double Neck, a later Rickenbacker production model. He would use this double neck live for "Xanadu", as well as a white 4080/6 for "A Passage to Bangkok", all throughout the "Kings" tour in 1977 and 1978, until retiring it at the end of the "Moving Pictures" Tour in 1981.
In 1993, Lee permanently switched back to Fender Jazz Basses for the albums Counterparts, Test For Echo, Vapor Trails, Feedback, Snakes & Arrows, and Clockwork Angels. He used a Fender Jaco Pastorius Tribute fretless replica bass for the song "Malignant Narcissism" on Snakes & Arrows, and a Fender Custom Shop Jazz with an Alder Body and a Flamed Maple top in Transparent Red for songs in an alternate tuning during the last several tours. In 1998, Fender released the Geddy Lee Jazz Bass, available in Black32 and 3-Color Sunburst33 (as of 2009).34 This signature model is a recreation of Lee's favourite bass, a 1972 Fender Jazz that he bought in a pawn shop in Kalamazoo, Michigan.
Lee briefly brought his Rickenbacker 4001 out of retirement for the performance of "A Passage To Bangkok" on the 2007 and 2008 Snakes & Arrows Tour.
On all of his basses, Lee uses Rotosound Swing Bass 66 Stainless Steel round-wound strings (RS66LD).
Lee's amps in the early days were arena-ready Sunn and/or Ampeg models. By the release of the album 2112, he was using two Ampeg SVT's, one which ran into two Sunn 215 loudspeaker cabinets, and one which ran into two Ampeg V4b 215 loudspeaker cabinets. For the album Hemispheres, his stage equipment had evolved into a configuration of Ashly preamplifiers, BGW power amplifiers, Ampeg V4b cabinets, and Thiele design cabinets which were run in stereo with his 4001 bass. The neck pick-up was input to one amplifier and set for a clean, bass-heavy tone, which then was input to two Ampeg V4b 215 loudspeaker cabinets. The bridge pick-up was input to the other amplifier, which was set with an exaggerated treble boost and extra gain in the preamplifier and was input to two Thiele 215 loudspeaker cabinets. This defined Lee's bass sound from 1977 to 1982. On the Grace Under Pressure tour, Lee removed his Ashly preamplifiers and switched to Furman PQ-3 preamplifiers, and changed cabinets to custom made 215 cabinets. The equipment setup was used until the Counterparts tour, during which he switched to Trace Elliot Quatra 4VR amplifiers, GP12 SMX preamplifiers, with two single 18-loudspeaker cabinets and two 410-loudspeaker cabinets. On the Test for Echo tour he used the same set up but added a Palmer PDI-03 loudspeaker simulator and a SansAmp PSA-1.
Beginning in 2002, Lee dispensed with using a single bass guitar amplifier in favour of a chain of amplifiers and DI units, which allows the bass guitar to be connected directly to the stage and front-of-house mixers without involving microphones. Lee began using in-ear monitors at this point.
At the beginning of the 2002 Vapor Trails tour, Lee revised his previous setup. His bass signal is input via a Samson wireless unit to an Avalon U5 DI. From there the sound signal is split between a Trace Elliot Quadravalve all-tube power amplifier and a SansAmp RBI rack-mountable preamplifier. The speaker-level signal from the Quadravalve is sent to a Palmer PD-05 loudspeaker emulator, which provides adequate load for the tube amplifier and attenuates the signal to line level. The signals from the U5, Quadravalve/PD-05, and RBI are all sent to the monitor and front-of-house mixers and blends of the signals are changed on a song-by-song basis. Typically, the Quadravalve/PD-05 signal provides the low-frequency sound components while a balance of the U5 and RBI provides the high-frequency components, with the RBI providing the "top end" distortion in Lee's sound.
For the 2007 Snakes and Arrows tour, Lee swapped the SansAmp RBI for a new unit by Sansamp, the RPM. During preparation for this tour a feature on bassplayer.tv was filmed with his live bass technician, Russ Ryan, detailing Lee's live-stage sound signal path.
For Rush's 2010 tour, Lee used two Orange AD200 bass heads together with two OBC410 4x10 bass cabinets.35
Over the years, Lee's keyboards have featured synthesizers from Oberheim (Eight-voice, OB-1, OB-X, OB-Xa), PPG (Wave 2.2 and 2.3), Roland (Jupiter 8, D-50, XV-5080, and a Fantom X7 starting on the Snakes & Arrows Tour), Moog (Minimoog, Taurus bass pedals, Moog Little Phatty36), and Yamaha (DX7, Yamaha KX76). Lee used sequencers early in their development and has continued to use similar innovations as they have developed over the years. Lee has also made use of digital samplers. Combined, these electronic devices have supplied many memorable keyboard sounds, such as the "growl" in "Tom Sawyer" and the melody featured in the chorus of "The Spirit of Radio".
With 1993's Counterparts, Rush reduced most keyboard- and synthesizer-derived sounds in their compositions, and they continued to do so with each successive album. In 2002, the band produced an album—Vapor Trails—that was completely free of keyboards and synthesizers, featuring only voice, guitar, bass guitar, drums and percussion. With the release of 2007's Snakes & Arrows, Lee sparingly adds a Mellotron and bass pedals to the instrument line-up. However, it does not mark a return to a "synth" sound for the band. Much like Vapor Trails, the music is primarily recorded with multiple layers of guitars, bass, drums and percussion.
Newer advances in synthesizer and sampler technology have allowed Lee to store familiar sounds from his old synthesizers alongside new ones in combination synthesizer/samplers, such as the Roland XV-5080. For live shows in 2002 and 2004, Lee and his keyboard technician used the playback capabilities of the XV-5080 to generate virtually all of Rush's keyboard sounds to date, as well as additional complex sound passages that previously required several machines at once to produce.37
When playing live, Lee and his bandmates recreate their songs as accurately as possible with digital samplers. Using these samplers, the band members are able to recreate, in real-time, the sounds of non-traditional instruments, accompaniments, vocal harmonies, and other sound "events" that are familiar to those who have heard Rush songs from their albums.
To trigger these sounds in real-time, Lee uses MIDI controllers, placed at the locations on the stage where he has a microphone stand. Lee uses two types of MIDI controllers: one type resembles a traditional synthesizer keyboard on a stand (Yamaha KX76). The second type is a large foot-pedal keyboard, placed on the stage floor (Korg MPK-130, Roland PK-5). Combined, they enable Lee to use his free hands and feet to trigger sounds in electronic equipment that has been placed off-stage.37 It is with this technology that Lee and his bandmates are able to present their arrangements in a live setting with the level of complexity and fidelity that fans have come to expect, and without the need to resort to the use of backing tracks or employing an additional band member.38 A notable exception of this was during the Clockwork Angels Tour, when a string ensemble played string parts, which were originally arranged and conducted by David Campbell on Clockwork Angels.39
Lee's (and his bandmates') use of MIDI controllers to trigger sampled instruments and audio events is visible throughout the R30: 30th Anniversary World Tour concert DVD (2005).
From the Snakes and Arrows tour onwards, Lee used a Roland Fantom X7 and a Moog Little Phatty synthesizer.
As of 1996, Lee no longer uses traditional bass amplifiers on stage, and prefers to have the bass guitar signals input directly to the venue's front-of-house console, to improve control and balance of sound reinforcement during live concerts. Faced with the dilemma of what to do with the empty space left behind by the lack of large amplifier cabinets, Lee chose to decorate his side of the stage with unusual items.
For the 1996–1997 Test for Echo Tour, Lee's side sported a fully stocked old-fashioned household refrigerator. For the 2002 Vapor Trails tour, Lee lined his side of the stage with three coin-operated Maytag dryers. Other large appliances appeared later in the same space. For visual effect they were "miked" by the sound crew, just as a real amplifier would be. Rush's crew loaded the dryers with specially-designed Rush-themed T-shirts, different from the shirts on sale to the general public. At the close of each show, Lee and Lifeson tossed these T-shirts into the audience. The dryers can be seen on the Rush in Rio DVD and the R30: 30th Anniversary World Tour DVD. For the band's R30: 30th Anniversary World Tour tour, one dryer was replaced with a rotating shelf-style vending machine. It too was fully stocked and operational during shows. The vending machine can be seen on the R30: 30th Anniversary World Tour DVD.
The Snakes & Arrows Tour prominently featured three Henhouse brand rotisserie chicken ovens on stage complete with an attendant in a chef's hat and apron to "tend" the chickens during shows.40 For the 2010–2011 Time Machine Tour, Lee's side of the stage featured a steampunk-inspired combination Time Machine and Sausage Maker, with an attendant occasionally throwing material into its feed hopper during the show. During the 2012-2013 Clockwork Angels Tour, Lee used a different steampunk device called a "Geddison" as a backdrop. This was composed of a giant old-style phonograph horn, an oversized model brain in a jar, a set of brass horns, and a working popcorn popper.
- Bass Hall of Fame – Guitar Player magazine
- six-time winner: "Best Rock Bass" – Guitar Player magazine
- 1993 – "Best Rock Bass Player" Bass Player readers' poll
- 1994 – With Rush, inducted into the Juno Hall of Fame
- 1996 – Officer of the Order of Canada, along with band mates Alex Lifeson and Neil Peart
- Best Album for Bass (Snakes & Arrows) – Bass Player magazine
- "Coolest Bass Line in a Song" (for "Malignant Narcissism") – Bass Player magazine
- "Best 2007 Cover Feature" for "Northern Warrior" – Bass Player magazine
- 2010 – With Rush, "Living Legend" – Classic Rock Magazine
- 2012 - Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal41
- 2013 - With Rush, Rock and Roll Hall of Fame inductee
- Prato, Greg. "Geddy Lee: Biography". allmusic.com. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Henderson, John. "Judge tosses bandmates' claims over Rush guitarist's 2003 scuffle". Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- Banasiewicz, Bill. "Rush Visions: The Official Biography". Archived from the original on February 23, 2007. Retrieved March 10, 2007.
- "CLIFF BURTON R.I.P. - 1986". metallicaworld.co.uk. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
- "Steve Harris Biography". ironmiaden.webvis.net. Archived from the original on January 4, 2007. Retrieved December 18, 2006.
- "Geddy Lee/Rush: Artist's Bio". Fender.com. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
- "You Say It's Your Birthday: Les Claypool of Primus" Addicted to Noise
- "Rush highlights", MapleMusic (accessed May 23, 2007).
- oz (December 4, 2006). "Hit Parader's Top 100 Metal Vocalists of All Time". Hearya.com. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- Benarde, Scott R. "How the Holocaust rocked Rush front man Geddy Lee". jweekly.com. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- Buttner, Christopher. "Geddy Lee: The Reluctant Rockstar". prthatrocks.com. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- Tannenbaum, Rob (March 17, 2009). "Dear Superstar: Geddy Lee". Maxim. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
- Interview with Rick Moranis, IGN.com
- Bolton, Greg (April 2005). "A Wine Cellar That Rocks!". CityBites Magazine. greatrecrooms.com. Retrieved March 26, 2011. "By any standard, it's an impressive cellar, but as it turns out, it's not the main attraction. As we leave, he pauses. 'I built this one thinking it was bigger than I'd ever need, but…' His voice trails off as he chuckles sheepishly and walks me down the hall. Arriving at another door – identical to the first – he extracts a key from his pocket and flips a light-switch to reveal a collection more extensive and refined than you’d find in most top-end restaurants. I emit a low whistle. 'I've gotten a bit out of control,' he admits."
- Brunner, Rob (March 13, 2009). "Three rounds with...Geddy Lee". Entertainment Weekly. EW.com. Retrieved May 3, 2011. "He's also, it turns out, a wine fanatic. (His home cellars hold almost 5,000 bottles.)"
- Vaziri, Aidin (September 15, 2002). "Rush front man wants to put time on hold". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved May 3, 2011. "I go to France every year, and you can't go there without eating cheese and drinking white wine. You just can't do it. It's not possible."
- "Rush frontman honoured by scholarship endowment". Decanter.com. 2011-11-27. Retrieved 2011-12-02.
- Berg, Ted (26 February 2013). "Rush singer Geddy Lee expecting big year for Blue Jays". USA Today. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- "Geddy Lee". Fender News. Fender. 2010. Retrieved March 26, 2011. "Aside from the family stuff, I have a ton of different hobbies. I like long-distance cycling; I do that. Big tennis guy. I play a lot of tennis. I’m a collector—I collect baseball ephemera; I collect art. And I’m a big wine nut. So a lot of those things inspire different kinds of travel, and I do a lot of traveling."
- Harkness, Geoff (November 30, 2000). "Seven questions with Geddy Lee". lawrence.com. Lawrence. Retrieved March 26, 2011. "I love to hike. I love to bike. My wife and I are huge travelers. We like to do all sorts of adventure and exotic travel. I'm a dedicated tennis player and a wine collector and a collector of baseball memorabilia. I'm a huge baseball fan. I collect photographs. I love art. I love to read."
- "Rush's Geddy Lee to throw out 1st pitch at Blue Jays opener". CBC News. The Canadian Press. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
- Dent, Mark (June 6, 2008). "Rush rocker gives baseballs to Negro Leagues museum". Cache.zoominfo.com. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- Dent, Mark (June 6, 2008). "Geddy Lee Donates 200 Signed Negro League Baseballs". rushisaband.com. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- Dent, Mark (June 6, 2008). "Geddy Lee of Rush Donates 200 Signed Negro League Baseballs". ballhype.com. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- Dent, Mark (June 6, 2008). "Geddy Lee Donates 200 Signed Negro League Baseballs". bizofbaseball.com. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- Humanitarian consortium Answers.com
- "Geddy Lee: rock star and baseball fan". The Sporting News. April 13, 2007
- "Virtual Songs - Side Projects". 2112.net. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- Prato, Greg. "My Favorite Headache - Overview". allmusic.com. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- "Film, Television And Video Cameos". 2112.net. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- "Modern Day Warriors: Rush Resurgent". Thepocketsquare.com. April 4, 2009. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
- "Fender Products: Geddy Lee Jazz Bass". Fender.com. January 22, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
- "Fender Products: Geddy Lee Jazz Bass". Fender.com. January 22, 2010. Retrieved March 19, 2010.
- "Fender Geddy Lee Jazz Bass". Fender.com. Retrieved March 2, 2011.
- "Geddy Lee endorses Orange Bass Amps". rushisaband.com. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- Lee, Geddy. "The Snakes & Arrows Tour Book". 2112.net. Retrieved 1 May 2012.
- "Rush Rolls Again", September 2002, OnStage Magazine
- Peart, Neil Rush Backstage Club Newsletter, March 1990, via "Power Windows" Rush Fan Site
- Graff, Gary (18 June 2012). "Rush Bringing String Ensemble on Tour". Billboard. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- Jamie Thomson. "Rush concert review: Wembley Arena, London. Friday, October 12, 2007.", The Guardian. Retrieved March 1, 2008.
- "Diamond Jubilee Gala toasts exceptional Canadians". CBC. 18 June 2012. Retrieved 19 June 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Geddy Lee.|
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Geddy Lee|
- Rush official website
- A colourful Geddy interview, w/ Nardwuar the Human Serviette
- Mid-career interview with Mark Crampton
- Geddy Lee Interview on The Hour with George Stroumboulopoulos
- Geddy Lee Interview in SPIN
- Order of Canada citation