Gibraltar South Mole Lighthouse
|Location||Gibraltar Harbour, Gibraltar, Iberian Peninsula|
|Markings / pattern||Black|
|Height||17 metres (56 ft)|
|Focal height||18 metres (60 ft)|
|Range||White 15 Nautical Miles|
|Admiralty number||D 2442|
The Gibraltar South Mole Lighthouse is one of several lighthouses in Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory at the south end of the Iberian Peninsula. Also known as the Gibraltar "A" Head Lighthouse, it has a cast-iron, skeletal tower which is painted black and features two galleries. The lighthouse remains operational and is positioned west of the Rock of Gibraltar, on the South Mole at Gibraltar Harbour. It is operated by the Gibraltar Port Authority.
Gibraltar Harbour (pictured on map), also referred to as the Port of Gibraltar, is on the west side of the British Overseas Territory of Gibraltar,1 at latitude 36º09'N, and longitude 5º20'W. In addition to the protection provided to the port by the Rock of Gibraltar on the east, there is a system of manmade defences on the west. These include a trio of breakwaters:2 the North Mole (formerly the Commercial Mole)3 including its Western Arm, the Detached Mole, and the South Mole.2 The South Mole includes an extension which was added later, and was formerly known as the New Mole and New Mole Extension.3 The harbour has both north and south entrances. The northern entry is bordered by the Western Arm of the North Mole and the (middle) Detached Mole. The southern entry is between the Detached Mole and the South Mole.45
The Gibraltar South Mole Lighthouse (shown on map) is located at the north end of the South Mole of Gibraltar Harbour. It is positioned at the "A" head of the South Mole (formerly specified as the extension), from which it derives its alternate name.567 The lighthouse and port are to the north of the east end of the Strait of Gibraltar, the entryway to the Mediterranean Sea, and west of the Rock of Gibraltar.67
The South Mole Lighthouse comprises a black, octagonal tower built of cast iron, with a height of 17 metres (56 ft).67 This description correlates with the photograph from The Online List of Lights.8 The skeletal tower has a central cylinder and has retained its original gallery. The lamp was exchanged for a square skeletal tower and new lantern, with a second gallery platform, to elevate the plane of the light. (A similar tower at the south end of the Western Arm of the North Mole of the port differs in that it lacks the original gallery platform.)7 Publication 113 gives a different physical description of the lighthouse as a round, white tower, 56 feet in height.9 The Gibraltar "A" Head Lighthouse continues to be active and is utilised as an aid to navigation, in and near the harbour.6 Its light characteristic is a flashing white light, with one flash every two seconds, and the range is fifteen nautical miles. The operational lighthouse has a focal plane of 18 metres (60 feet).679
The lighthouse tower and the site are both closed to the public. The South Mole Lighthouse is operated by the Gibraltar Port Authority. The United Kingdom Hydrographic Office Admiralty number for the lighthouse, which originates from Volume D of the Admiralty List of Lights and Fog Signals, is D 2442. The United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) number is 4224.79 Its Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society (ARLHS) number is GIB-002, and the lighthouse has been listed in the World List of Lights since 2006.1011
- "List of Crown Dependencies & Overseas Territories". fco.gov.uk. British Foreign & Commonwealth Office. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "An Outline of the Port Infrastructure". Port of Gibraltar Handbook 2010-11. Land & Marine Publications Ltd, on behalf of the Gibraltar Port Authority. 2010. p. 13. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- "Gibraltar". 1911encyclopedia.org. Classic Encyclopedia 1911, from the Encyclopedia Britannica, eleventh edition. Retrieved 22 July 2012.
- "Map of Gibraltar". wikimedia.org. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Port of Gibraltar - Port Map". gibraltarport.com. Gibraltar Port Authority. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "Gibraltar South Mole Light". Lighthouse Explorer, from Lighthouse Digest Magazine. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "The Lighthouse Directory - Lighthouses of Gibraltar". unc.edu. Russ Rowlett and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "D 2442". trabas.de. The Online List of Lights. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "Publication 113 - List of Lights, Radio Aids, and Fog Signals". msi.nga.mil. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2011. p. XI-XIII, 71. Retrieved 4 August 2012.
- "South Mole, "A" Head Light, ARLHS GIB-002". wlol.arlhs.com. Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- "Gibraltar". wlol.arlhs.com. Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society. Retrieved 21 July 2012.
- Photograph of Gibraltar South Mole Lighthouse (The Online List of Lights)
- Satellite View of Gibraltar South Mole Lighthouse
- Map of Gibraltar (Classic Encyclopedia 1911, from the Encyclopedia Britannica, eleventh edition)