Glasgow East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Glasgow East
Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Glasgow East in Scotland.
Subdivisions of Scotland City of Glasgow
Current constituency
Created 2005 (2005)
Member of Parliament Margaret Curran (Labour)
Created from Glasgow Baillieston
Glasgow Shettleston
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Scotland

Glasgow East is a constituency of the British House of Commons, located in the city of Glasgow, Scotland. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) at least once every five years using the first-past-the-post system of voting.

One of the safest seats for the Labour Party, it has voted Labour since the 1930s. It achieved national prominence in 2008, when a by-election saw the Scottish National Party overturn a majority of over 13,000 votes to take the seat. At the 2010 general election, Labour's Margaret Curran won the seat back from the SNP, with a renewed majority of over 11,000 votes. The seat is notable for receiving the lowest percentage of votes for the Liberal Democrats for any constituency at the 2010 general election, and for being one of only two constituencies across the whole United Kingdom where the Conservative Party polled under 5% of the vote.

The seat is entirely within the Glasgow City Council area, taking in the towns of Baillieston, Carmyle, Easterhouse, Parkhead, Shettleston and Tollcross.

Boundaries

Glasgow East is one of seven constituencies covering the Glasgow City council area. All are entirely within the council area.

Prior to the 2005 general election, the city area was covered by ten constituencies, of which two straddled boundaries with other council areas. The East constituency includes the area of the former Glasgow Baillieston constituency and parts of the former Glasgow Shettleston constituency.1 Scottish Parliament constituencies retain the names and boundaries of the older Westminster constituencies.

Baillieston has always been represented by the Labour Party, as was its predecessor Glasgow Provan from its creation in 1955. Shettleston was won by the Labour Party at every election from 1950 onwards (in 1945 it was won by the Independent Labour Party). In 2008, the Scottish National Party succeeded in winning the seat from Labour in a by-election on a very large swing. Prior to the by-election, it had been one of the safest Labour seats in the United Kingdom. At the 2010 General Election, the constituency was re-gained by Labour from the SNP's by-election victor John Mason by more than 11,000 votes by Margaret Curran.citation needed

The Glasgow East constituency contains part of the M8 motorway and main railway lines into the city centre; the home ground of Glasgow Celtic football club is within the constituency.

It is one of the most deprived constituencies in Britain. Nearly 40% of adults smoke, and on average there are 25 drug-related deaths a year.2 Average male life expectancy is 68, five years less than the Scottish average, while in the Shettleston area it is 63.3 A 2008 World Health Organisation report gave the average male life expectancy in Calton as 54.4

Members of Parliament

Election Member5 Party
2005 David Marshall Labour
2008 by-election John Mason SNP
2010 Margaret Curran Labour

2008 by-election

On 28 June 2008, David Marshall MP announced he would step down because of a stress-related illness and was appointed Steward of the Manor of Northstead on 30 June 2008, thus effectively resigning from the Commons.6 Although the seat represented Labour's third highest majority in Scotland, they faced a strong challenge from the SNP, hot on the heels of Labour's disastrous performance in the 2008 Henley by-election.7 Nominations for candidates closed at 4pm on 9 July, and the election took place on 24 July.8

On 25 July 2008, and after a recount, the SNP candidate John Mason won the seat with a majority of 365 votes over the Labour Party candidate Margaret Curran.9

Elections

General Election 2010: Glasgow East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Margaret Curran 19,797 61.6 +19.9
SNP John Mason 7,957 24.7 -17.0
Liberal Democrats Kevin Ward 1,617 5.0 +1.5
Conservative Hamira Khan 1,453 4.5 -1.8
BNP Joe T Finnie 677 2.1 +2.1
Scottish Socialist Frances Curran 454 1.4 -0.7
UKIP Arthur Thackeray 209 0.6 +0.6
Majority 11,840 36.8
Turnout 32,164 52.3 32,164
Labour hold Swing 3.4
Glasgow East by-election, 2008111213
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP John Mason 11,277 43.1 +26.1
Labour Margaret Curran 10,912 41.7 -19.0
Conservative Davena Rankin 1,639 6.3 -0.6
Liberal Democrats Ian Robertson 915 3.5 -8.3
Scottish Socialist Frances Curran 555 2.1 -1.4
Solidarity Tricia McLeish 512 2.0 N/A
Scottish Green Eileen Duke 232 0.9 N/A
Independent Chris Creighton 67 0.3 N/A
Freedom-4-Choice Hamish Howitt 65 0.2 N/A
Majority 365 1.4 +45.1
Turnout 26,219 42.25 -5.95
SNP gain from Labour Swing 22.5
General Election 2005: Glasgow East
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Marshall 18,775 60.7 N/A
SNP Lachlan McNeill 5,268 17.0 N/A
Liberal Democrats David Jackson 3,665 11.8 N/A
Conservative Carl Thomson 2,135 6.9 N/A
Scottish Socialist George Savage 1,096 3.5 N/A
Majority 13,507 43.7
Turnout 30,939 48.2 N/A
Labour hold Swing N/A

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Fifth Periodical Report, Boundary Commission for Scotland". 
  2. ^ McSmith, Andy (2008-06-12). "Struggle for survival in Labour heartland". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  3. ^ Johnson, Simon (2008-07-02). "Glasgow as bad as the Gaza Strip, says SNP leader". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2008-07-11. 
  4. ^ "BBC News". 2008-08-28. 
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 1)self-published sourcebetter source needed
  6. ^ "Manor of Northstead". hm-treasury.gov.uk. 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  7. ^ "Gordon Brown faces by-election test as veteran Scots MP David Marshal quits over illness". The Daily Record. 2008-06-28. Retrieved 2008-06-28. 
  8. ^ "Notice of By-election for the UK Parliament". Retrieved 2008-07-12. 
  9. ^ BBC Scotland election coverage, Friday 25 July 2008
  10. ^ "Glasgow East: Constituency". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  11. ^ Press Association (2008-07-02). "By-election candidates selected". Deeside Piper and Herald (Johnston Press Digital Publishing). Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  12. ^ "In full: Glasgow East candidates". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). 2008-07-04. Retrieved 2008-07-05. 
  13. ^ "Freedom-4-Choice party registration". Register of political parties. Electoral Commission. 2006-09-06. Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
  14. ^ "Glasgow East". Financial Times. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 
  15. ^ "Election 2005 Result: Glasgow East". BBC. Retrieved 2013-12-06. 

External links

Coordinates: 55°51′20″N 4°08′49″W / 55.85556°N 4.14694°W / 55.85556; -4.14694








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