Glasgow Queen Street railway station

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Glasgow Queen Street National Rail
Scottish Gaelic: Sràid na Banrighinn
Glasgow Queen Street
Glasgow Queen Street main concourse
Location
Place Glasgow
Local authority Glasgow
Coordinates 55°51′44″N 4°15′04″W / 55.8622°N 4.2512°W / 55.8622; -4.2512Coordinates: 55°51′44″N 4°15′04″W / 55.8622°N 4.2512°W / 55.8622; -4.2512
Grid reference NS591655
Operations
Station code GLQ
Managed by First ScotRail
Owned by Network Rail
Number of platforms 9 (2 on low level)
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2002/03  2.029 million
2004/05 Increase 3.731 million
2005/06 Increase 3.735 million
2006/07 Increase 14.053 million
2007/08 Increase 14.765 million
2008/09 Increase 17.363 million
2009/10 Increase 19.122 million
2010/11 Increase 19.742 million
2011/12 Decrease 16.371 million
2012/13 Increase 16.452 million
Passenger Transport Executive
PTE SPT
History
Original company Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway (High Level)
Glasgow City and District Railway (Low Level)
Pre-grouping North British Railway
Post-grouping LNER
21 February 1842 High Level Station opened1
15 March 1886 Low Level Station opened1
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Glasgow Queen Street from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Glasgow Queen Street (Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu Sràid na Banrighinn) is a railway station in Glasgow, Scotland, the smaller of the city's two main line railway termini and the third-busiest station in Scotland.2 It is between George Street to the south and Cathedral Street Bridge to the north, at the northern end of Queen Street adjacent to George Square.3 Queen Street station serves the Greater Glasgow conurbation's northern towns and suburbs, the Edinburgh shuttle, and is the terminus for all inter-city services to destinations in the North of Scotland.

With over 16 million passenger entries and exits between April 2013 and February 2014, Queen Street is the third busiest station in Scotland.4

History

The station was built by the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway, and opened on 18 February 1842.1 In 1865 the E&GR was absorbed into the North British Railway, which became part of the LNER group in 1923.

The climb through the tunnel to Cowlairs is at 1 in 42 and until 1909 trains were hauled up on a rope operated by a stationary engine, although experiments were carried out using banking engines in 1844-48. In 1928 there was a railway accident causing 3 fatalities when a train leaving the station slipped to a standstill and rolled back into another train. Modern diesel trains have no difficulty with the climb.

The adjacent Buchanan Street station of the rival Caledonian Railway closed on 7 November 1966 as a result of the Beeching axe and its services to Stirling, Perth, Inverness, Dundee and Aberdeen transferred to Queen Street. This caused difficulties with longer trains, as Queen Street is in a confined position between George Square and the tunnel.

In the 1980s, HST were used on Cross Country and East Coast services, having to use Platform 7 with the end of the train being close to the tunnel mouth.

Currently (2011), trains are usually of two to six coaches, running more frequently.

Services

Queen Street station's platforms are on two levels, with the High Level platforms running directly north-south, and the Low Level running east-west. They are connected by staircases at either end of the Low Level platforms, and by lifts accessible from Platform 7 on the High Level.

High level

The High Level station is the larger of the two levels, and is the terminus for the Edinburgh shuttles and all routes north of the Central Belt run by First ScotRail diesel multiple units. The high level railway approaches the station building through the Queen Street Tunnel, which runs beneath the Buchanan Galleries shopping centre to the Sighthill area northeast of the city centre. Platforms 1-7 occupy the High Level, Platform 1 being at the western end of the trainshed, and being considerably shorter - it is usually only used for local stopping services.

Low level

Glasgow Suburban Electrification Commemorative Plaque at entrance to Platforms 8 and 9

Platforms 8 and 9 comprise the Low Level station, and it is the most central stop on the North Clyde Line of the Glasgow suburban electric network. Trains run frequently between Helensburgh, Balloch and Milngavie on the Firth of Clyde, towards Airdrie, on the edge of the Greater Glasgow and onward to Edinburgh via Bathgate and Livingston. The line is electrified; the fleet operating this route are Class 318s, Class 320s and Class 334s.

The Low Level line between High Street, Queen Street and Charing Cross was built before the Glasgow Subway, making it the oldest underground railway in the city.

Routes - past and present

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Glasgow High Street   First ScotRail
North Clyde Line
  Charing Cross
Terminus   First ScotRail
West Highland Line
  Dalmuir
Terminus   First ScotRail
Croy Line
  Bishopbriggs
Terminus   First ScotRail
Cumbernauld Line
  Springburn
Terminus   First ScotRail
Maryhill Line
  Ashfield
Terminus   First ScotRail
Glasgow to Edinburgh via Falkirk Line
  Croy
Terminus   First ScotRail
Glasgow to Aberdeen Line
  Stirling
Terminus   First ScotRail
Highland Main Line
  Stirling
Historical railways
Glasgow High Street
Line and Station open
  North British Railway
Glasgow City and District Railway
  Charing Cross
Line and Station open
Terminus   North British Railway
Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway
  Cowlairs
Line open; Station closed

Signalling

Train arriving at Glasgow Queen Street

Queen Street signal box, opened in 1881, was on a gantry spanning the tracks close to the tunnel mouth. It closed on 26 February 1967 when control of the high level station was transferred to a panel in Cowlairs signal box. That box was superseded by the new Cowlairs signalling centre on 28 December 1998. This in turn was abolished in October 2013 and the station is now under the supervision of Edinburgh IECC (which will eventually become the Edinburgh Rail Operating Centre).

The low level station had two signal boxes, 'Queen Street West' and 'Queen Street East'. Both boxes were over the tracks and closed on 8 February 1960. The low level lines came under the control of Yoker Signalling Centre (IECC) on 19 November 1989.

Proposals

Various schemes to link Queen Street to Glasgow Central station have been considered, as passengers travelling from the north of Scotland to the south and vice-versa via Glasgow have to traverse the city centre either on foot or by road. A bus link connects the two stations (which also calls at the city's Buchanan Bus Station), use of which is free to rail passengers making a cross-Glasgow transfer on a through ticket. Neither of Glasgow's main line termini are served by the Glasgow Subway, although a moving walkway was installed between Queen Street and the immediately adjacent Buchanan Street subway station during the system's modernisation in 1980, whilst St Enoch station is a short walk from Central.

The preferred solution to the problem is Crossrail, using a disused freight line that links High Street to the Gorbals area. This initiative [1] was reviewed favourably, but progress has been stalled indefinitely as of 2009.

Minor refurbishment of the station has taken place over in recent years, which has seen the station internally repainted and paved with new flooring, and the CRT screens that displayed train timetables and passenger information were replaced with new LED information boards similar to those in Glasgow Central Station but smaller, in January 2008.

In August 2006 Network Rail revealed that it intends to redevelop Queen Street substantially, making use of the Hanover Street car park area to provide more retail space, and to upgrade the station's entrances, and to provide escalators down to the lower level platforms - at present there are only steep staircases at either end of Platforms 8/9, and lifts which have to be reached using a circuitous route via the main line platforms. More plans were unveiled in September 2011 by Network Rail, along with an announcement that the owner of the Buchanan Galleries shopping mall - Land Securities had been chosen as development partner for the station, which will see the existing 1970s hotel extension which currently fronts the George Square entrance of the station demolished and replaced by a glass atrium.5 The previous plans of developing the airspace rights above the North Hanover Street car park into an expanded retail and restaurant area will be carried forward - this will form part of the proposed extension to the Buchanan Galleries, which will gain direct access to the station concourse. The redevelopment, which is scheduled for completion in June 2019, will also include an extension of the high level platforms to accommodate the longer trains that will be introduced as part of the Edinburgh Glasgow Improvement Programme (EGIP).6

In 2009, the Scottish Government announced that the Glasgow to Edinburgh via Falkirk Line will be electrified by 2016, meaning that overhead line electrification will be installed on the high level platforms of Queen Street.

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Butt (1995), page 103
  2. ^ Office of Rail Regulation, Station Usage
  3. ^ Google Maps listing.
  4. ^ Steer Davies Gleave (May 2013). "Estimates of station usage 2011-12" (XLSX). Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  5. ^ "Network Rail announces Queen Street development partner". Retrieved 28 September 2011. 
  6. ^ "We are redeveloping Queen Street station". Retrieved 7 March 2014. 

Sources

  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  • Jowett, Alan (March 1989). Jowett's Railway Atlas of Great Britain and Ireland: From Pre-Grouping to the Present Day (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0086-1. OCLC 22311137. 
  • Yonge, John (May 1987). Gerald Jacobs, ed. British Rail Track Diagams - Book 1: ScotRail (1st edition ed.). Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 0-9006-0948-6. 
  • Yonge, John (February 1993). Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland and the Isle of Man (2nd edition ed.). Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 0-9006-0995-8. 
  • Yonge, John (April 1996). Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland and the Isle of Man (3rd edition ed.). Exeter: Quail Map Company. ISBN 1-8983-1919-7. 
  • Yonge, John (2007). Gerald Jacobs, ed. Railway Track Diagams - Book 1: Scotland & Isle of Man (Quail Track Plans) (fifth edition ed.). Bradford on Avon: "Trackmaps (formerly Quail Map Co)". . ISBN 978-0-9549866-3-6. OCLC 79435248. 







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