Glims Holm

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Glims Holm
Location
Glims Holm is located in Orkney Islands
Glims Holm
Glims Holm
Glims Holm shown within Orkney
OS grid reference ND472991
Names
Norse name Glums Holm
Area and summit
Area 55 hectares (0.21 sq mi)
Area rank 190=1
Highest elevation 32 metres (105 ft)
Population
Population 0
Groupings
Island group Orkney
Local Authority Orkney Islands
Flag of Scotland.svg Lymphad3.svg
References 234
The main quarry on Lamb Holm used by the Italian POWs, since flooded and converted into a fish farm. In the background is barrier no.2 between the islands of Lamb Holm and Glims Holm

Glims Holm (OS: Glimps Holm; Old Norse: Glums Holm5) is a small uninhabited islet in Orkney, Scotland.

Geography

Glims Holm lies in Holm Sound, one of the eastern entrances to Scapa Flow, between Mainland, Orkney and the island of Burray,6 The Churchill Barriers link South Ronaldsay to the Orkney Mainland. Glims Holm is connected to Lamb Holm, to the northeast, by Barrier number 2, and to Burray by Barrier number 3.

History

Scapa Flow had many entrances, making it difficult to protect the anchorages in this natural harbour. Blockships had been sunk to close the narrow passages, but these proved inadequate. The Churchill Barriers were built during World War II to block the eastern entrances.7 Much of the labour for the causeways was provided by over 1300 Italian prisoners of war, captured in North Africa and stationed in Camp 60 on Lamb Holm and two camps on Burray.8

Footnotes

  1. ^ Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
  2. ^ 2001 UK Census per List of islands of Scotland
  3. ^ Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7. 
  4. ^ Ordnance Survey
  5. ^ Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9
  6. ^ "Glimps Holm". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2009-08-30. 
  7. ^ Konstam, Angus (2009). Scapa Flow: The Defences of Britain's Great Fleet Anchorage 1914-45. Fortress Series 85. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781846033667. 
  8. ^ "Lamb Holm". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2009-08-30. 

Coordinates: 58°52′30″N 2°55′12″W / 58.87500°N 2.92000°W / 58.87500; -2.92000









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