|Municipality and Town|
The Gospić municipality within the Lika-Senj County
|• Mayor||Milan Kolić (HDZ)|
|Elevation||656 m (2,152 ft)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+01)|
|Postal code||53 000|
Gospić (pronounced [ɡǒːspitɕ]) is a town and municipality in the mountainous and sparsely populated region of Lika, Croatia. It is the administrative centre of Lika-Senj county. Gospić is located near the Lika River in the middle of a karst field.
Gospić is the third smallest seat of a county government in Croatia. Its status as the county capital helped to spur some development in it, but the town as well as the entire region have suffered a constant decrease in population over the last several decades. Gospić is notable for being the birthplace of Nikola Tesla.
- Aleksinica, population 169
- Barlete, population 28
- Bilaj, population 164
- Brezik, population 29
- Brušane, population 135
- Budak, population 147
- Bužim, population 74
- Debelo Brdo I, population 60
- Debelo Brdo II, population 8
- Divoselo, population 2
- Donje Pazarište, population 131
- Drenovac Radučki, population 0
- Gospić, population 6,561
- Kalinovača, population 94
- Kaniža Gospićka, population 395
- Klanac, population 98
- Kruščica, population 0
- Kruškovac, population 19
- Kukljić, population 14
- Lički Čitluk, population 4
- Lički Novi, population 297
- Lički Osik, population 1,892
- Lički Ribnik, population 93
- Mala Plana, population 7
- Medak, population 64
- Mogorić, population 118
- Mušaluk, population 216
- Novoselo Bilajsko, population 112
- Novoselo Trnovačko, population 83
- Ornice, population 6
- Ostrvica, population 16
- Oteš, population 107
- Pavlovac Vrebački, population 31
- Počitelj, population 4
- Podastrana, population 51
- Podoštra, population 186
- Popovača Pazariška, population 93
- Rastoka, population 32
- Rizvanuša, population 29
- Smiljan, population 417
- Smiljansko Polje, population 136
- Široka Kula, population 120
- Trnovac, population 96
- Vaganac, population 30
- Velika Plana, population 53
- Veliki Žitnik, population 47
- Vranovine, population 43
- Vrebac, population 45
- Zavođe, population 4
- Žabica, population 169
The first organized inhabitation of the area was recorded in 1263 as Kaseg or Kasezi. The name Gospić is first mentioned in 1604, which likely originates from the Croatian word for "lady" (gospa) or another archaic form, gospava.
Today's town was built around two Ottoman forts (the towers of Aga Senković and of Aga Alić). The Turkish incursion was repelled by the end of the 17th century and Gospić became an administrative centre of the Lika region within the Military Frontier.
Until 1918, Gospić (named GOSPICH before 1850) was part of the Austrian monarchy (Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia after the compromise of 1867), in the Croatia-Slavonia Military Border District, Likaner Regiment N°1.2
In the 1990s, during the course of the Croatian War of Independence, Gospić suffered greatly during the Battle of Gospić. The town was held by Croatian government forces throughout the war, while the rebel Serb forces of the Republic of Serbian Krajina occupied positions directly to the east and often bombarded the town from there. Control of the area finally devolved to the Croatian government with the success of Operation Storm in August 1995.
Gospic is also the site of one of the regional branches of the Croatian State Archives, the Državni arhiv Gospić, at Kaniška 17. It was founded 30 September 1999 and officially opened 1 September 2000 in a renovated building and now houses historical documents of relevance to the Lika-Senj region which were formerly housed in the Regional Archive at Karlovac.
The municipality was the birthplace of such great men as the physicist and engineer Nikola Tesla (in Smiljan), pioneer in telegraphy Ferdinand Kovačević and also national thinkers like Ante Starčević.
|Croats||24,307 (65,02%)||18,525 (59,25%)||18,613 (64,07%)||12,050 (92.84%)|
|Serbs||11,801 (31,56%)||9,283 (29,69%)||8,976 (30,89%)||625 (4.82%)|
|Yugoslavs||635 (1,69%)||2,907 (9,29%)||513 (1,76%)|
|Others||640 (1,71%)||548 (1,75%)||947 (3,26%)|
- "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011, First Results by Settlements" (HTML). Statistical Reports (in Croatian and English) (Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics) (1441). June 2011. ISSN 1332-0297. Retrieved 2011-08-15.
- Handbook of Austria and Lombardy-Venetia Cancellations on the Postage Stamp Issues 1850-1864, by Edwin MUELLER, 1961.
- "Naselja i stanovništvo RH od 1857-2001. godine", Izdanje Državnog zavoda za statistiku Republike Hrvatske, Zagreb, 2005.
- "2001 census by settlement". Central Bureau of Statistics (Croatia) (in Croatian). March 31, 2001. Retrieved September 17, 2010.
- Croatia censuses 1948-1991
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2011)|
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Croatian Wikipedia. (March 2009)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gospić.|
- City of Gospic (Croatian)