Gvozd

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Gvozd
Municipality and Settlement
Općina Gvozd / Naselje Vrginmost
Map of the municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County
Map of the municipality within Sisak-Moslavina County
Vrginmost is located in Croatia
Vrginmost
Vrginmost
Location in Croatia
Coordinates: 45°19′N 15°55′E / 45.317°N 15.917°E / 45.317; 15.917
Country  Croatia
County Sisak-Moslavina
Population (2011)1
 • Total 3,008
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 044

Gvozd is a municipality in Sisak-Moslavina County, Croatia.1 The seat of municipality is located in Vrginmost, which was also named Gvozd between 1996 and 2012, when it was renamed amid a political controversy.2345


Languages and names

On the territory of the municipality, along with Croatian which is official in the whole country, as a second official language has been introduced Serbian language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet. In Serbian the village is known as Гвозд.67

History

In 1097, the last native Croatian King Petar Svačić was killed here during the Battle of Gvozd Mountain, leading to the mountain being called Petrova Gora (Petar's Mountain).

The town of Vrginmost was officially known as Gvozd between 19968 and October 23, 2012.

During the Croatian War of Independence, Vrginmost was a part of the unrecognized breakaway Republic of Serbian Krajina. It was retaken by the Croatian army during Operation Storm.

Demographics

Settlements

The municipality consists of 19 settlements:1

History

The municipality had big population changes in various censuses, possibly because of war and because of frequent border changes of municipalities in Croatia.

  • In the 1961 census there were 11,972 people in the municipality, 11,584 being Serbs and 340 being Croats.citation needed
  • In the 1971 census there were 21536 people in the municipality, 16,337 being Serbs and 4866 being Croats.citation needed
  • In the 1981 census there were 18841 people in the municipality, 13,450 being Serbs and 4130 being Croats.citation needed
  • In the 1991 census there were 16,599 people in the municipality, 11,729 (70,66%) being Serbs and 4.043 (24,35%) being Croats.citation needed
  • In the 2001 census there were 3,779 people in the municipality, 58% which are Serb and 40% which are Croats.9 3,575 declared their mother tongue as Croatian, 155 as Serbian, and 49 as other languages.10

Notable natives and residents

References

Coordinates: 45°21′N 15°53′E / 45.350°N 15.883°E / 45.350; 15.883








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