Hamilton Police Service
|Hamilton Police Service|
|Official coat of arms granted by Canadian Heraldic Authority|
|Logo of Hamilton Police Service|
|Motto||Excellence in Policing|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Elected officer responsible||The Honourable Madeleine Meilleur, Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services|
|Agency executive||Glenn De Caire, Chief of Police|
The Hamilton Police Service, formerly The Hamilton Wentworth Regional Police, is the local police service for the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. This agency is the primary service charged with the duty of enforcing the Criminal Code of Canada in the City of Hamilton. The organization became a paid service upon incorporation of the City in 1846.
In 2012, the Hamilton Police Service provided policing services to 533,194 residents (GRIDS). They deployed 784 police officers and 281 civilian members and responded to approximately 80,000 calls-for- service. Their operating budget for 2012 was $135,641,540. The current Chief of Police is Glenn De Caire. On November 20, 2009, the Hamilton Police Services Board announced their selection of Glenn De Caire (Staff Superintendent, Toronto Police Service) as Chief-Designate. On December 9, 2009, Chief De Caire was sworn in as the 34th Chief of Police. In late 2013 he announced his retirement effective at the end of 2014.
- In 1829, the streets of London, England, echoed to a new sound – the heavy, measured footsteps of the world’s first police officers. The creation of Sir Robert Peel, these ‘Bobbies’ were the direct forerunners of today’s modern policing.
- In 1833, only five years later, a public police department was established in the town of Hamilton – the first Canadian community to adopt Peel’s concepts. Under the direction of a Board of Police, High Bailiff John Ryckman kept the peace with a firm hand. In 1846 the town of Hamilton received its Charter and shortly thereafter, a Board of Police was established.
- In 1848 Dundas created its own police agency.
- In 1850, the Police Village of Ancaster followed suit to complete the trio of area pre-Confederation police departments. In August 1940, the Township of Saltfleet established a Constabulary to patrol its increasingly urban territory, and in 1949, in the wake of the post-war boom, Stoney Creek followed suit.
On January 1, 1974, these police forces were merged into one Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Police Force under its own Board of Commissioners of Police. Policing was no longer a ‘department’ of City Hall.
- February 22, 1986, the Hamilton Harbour Police, under the jurisdiction of the Hamilton Harbour Commission, was disbanded and its function taken over by the Hamilton Wentworth Regional Police Force.
- January 1, 2001, the communities of Ancaster, Dundas, Flamborough, Glanbrook, Stoney Creek and Hamilton merged to become the ‘new’ City of Hamilton. At the same time, the Hamilton Wentworth Regional Police merged to become one Hamilton Police Service.
Hamilton first had a Police Service Dog (PSD) in 1878. The dog's name was ‘Bob’ and he was handled by P.C. Ferris. He was a stray used on downtown patrols to deter ‘troublemakers’. In 1960 Hamilton formalized a Canine Unit, the second municipal Canine Unit in Canada. Today the Hamilton Police deploys four PSD's. Each Dog is trained in Human Scent Detection and tracking. Police K-9's are also used for Drug detection, firearms and currency. Hamilton Police also deploys a PSD for explosives detection. Hamilton has had one K-9 killed in the line of duty - PSD TROY killed February 25, 1992 (shot by a suspect during an apprehension).
The ACTION Team is made possible through funding obtained from the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services under the Provincial Anti-Violence Intervention Strategy (PAVIS). PAVIS aims to reduce illegal gang, drug and weapons activities in communities by focusing on intervention, prevention, enforcement and community mobilization.
The ACTION Teams consist of teams of officers who are deployed on foot and bicycle patrol. The officers are deployed based on an ongoing analysis of locations, crime trends, and offenders which will ensure that the ACTION Teams are in the right areas at the right times.
Hot spot analysis was used to assist in deployment strategies. Hotspot analysis is a statistical technique used to identify incidents that are concentrated within geographical areas over time. Identifying crime hotspots and analyzing both neighbourhood and crime characteristics within these areas are critical pieces of information for fighting crimes.
The Mounted Patrol Unit (MPU) was formed in September 2009 and consists of five horses and six officers. The priorities of the Mounted Patrol Unit are to heighten the Service’s ability to accomplish:
- crime prevention
- manage entertainment districts
- conduct search and rescue
- provide park and trail safety
- public safety during large scale festivals and events, protests and demonstrations
MPU offers coverage throughout the city of Hamilton with rotating Day, Afternoon and Night Shifts.
Hamilton Police Services operate a four man marine unit, during the summer.2 The officers in the Marine unit patrol the waters off Hamilton, "scanning for impaired boaters and other safety violations, and performing emergency rescues".
In September 2013 a recreational vessel caught on fire, and burned to the waterline without any efforts made to fight the highly visible fire.2 Hamilton Fire Services had no ability to fight marine fires, and would later argue that this was not part of its mandate. Hamilton Police Services has a portable water pump, which can be mounted on one of their small vessels, but they did not fight this fire for technical reasons, and that fire-fighting was not part of their mandate. The Hamilton Port Authority had, in the past, operated a tug boat with some firefighting ability, but that tug was no longer operational.
- St. Edward's Crown
- ribbon containing the words Hamilton
- banner below with the words Police
- within the ribbon:
- maple leaf - representing Canada
- wreath of golden maple leaves
- waves - representing the connection of the city to Lake Ontario and Hamilton Harbour
- Statutes of Upper Canada, 1833 3° William IV pg. 58-68, Chapter XVII. An act to define the Limits of the Town of Hamilton, in the District of Gore, and to establish a Police and Public Market therein.
- Carol Ruf (2013-09-26). "Is Hamilton prepared to handle a big boat fire?". CBC News. Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2014-01-01. "That duty actually falls to the Hamilton police’s marine unit. In addition, the unit, which has four full-time officers and three officers it can call upon for more support, is responsible for patrolling the bay in the summers months, scanning for impaired boaters and other safety violations, and performing emergency rescues from the city’s bodies of water year-round."