Hamilton Police Service
|Hamilton Police Service|
|Official coat of arms granted by Canadian Heraldic Authority|
|Logo of Hamilton Police Service|
|Motto||Excellence in Policing|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Governing body||Hamilton Police Services Board|
|Headquarters||155 King William St, Hamilton, Ontario|
|Elected officer responsible||The Honourable Madeleine Meilleur, Minister of Community Safety and Correctional Services|
|Agency executive||Glenn De Caire, Chief of Police December 9, 2009 to present|
nonemergency_number = 905-546-4925
The Hamilton Police Service (HPS) is the police service of the City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Established in 1833, it was one of the first municipal Police Services created in North America and one of the oldest police services in the English-speaking world. This agency is the primary service charged with the duty of enforcing the Criminal Code of Canada and Provincial Statutes of Ontario in the City of Hamilton.
The Hamilton Police Service provides policing services to over 533,000 residents. In 2012, they responded to approximately 80,000 calls-for- service. The proposed operating budget for 2014 is just over $153 million.
- 1 History
- 2 Coat of Arms, Flag & Logo
- 3 Units of the Hamilton Police Service
- 4 Fleet
- 5 Weapons
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The Town of Hamilton was established on February 13, 1833 by a statute of Upper Canada.1 It was one of the first Canadian communities to adopt the concepts of Sir Robert Peel. The first Board of Police elections were held on March 4th, 1833. Thomas Taylor was the first President of the Board with elected members; Colin. C. Ferrie, Ebenezer Stinson, Joseph Rolston and Peter. Hamilton. Their first meeting took place at the Hamilton Court House on Monday, March 11th. The first order of business was to consider a location for a town market place. By-laws were set forth for the regulation of the town and a number of town officials were appointed. the direction of the Board of Police, High Bailiff John Ryckman was appointed to keep the peace, thus establishing him as Hamilton's first Police Officer. In 1846 the town of Hamilton received its Charter. In 1848 Dundas created its own police agency. In 1850, the Police Village of Ancaster followed suit to complete the trio of area pre-Confederation police departments. In August 1940, the Township of Saltfleet established a Constabulary to patrol its increasingly urban territory, and in 1949, in the wake of the post-war boom, Stoney Creek followed suit. On January 1, 1974, these police forces were merged into one Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Police Force under its own Board of Commissioners of Police. Policing was no longer a ‘department’ of City Hall. On February 22, 1986, the Hamilton Harbour Police, under the jurisdiction of the Hamilton Harbour Commission, was disbanded and its function taken over by the Hamilton Wentworth Regional Police Force. January 1, 2001, the communities of Ancaster, Dundas, Flamborough, Glanbrook, Stoney Creek and Hamilton merged to become the ‘new’ City of Hamilton. At the same time, the Hamilton Wentworth Regional Police merged to become one Hamilton Police Service.
The Hamilton Police Service Official Coat of Arms and Colours, standards and guidons were granted by the Canadian Heraldic Authority (created by Her Majesty the Queen Elizabeth II on the recommendation of His Excellency the Governor General of Canada) November 15, 2007. The Coat of Arms is a version of the national coat of arms for municipal Police Services. It may be granted to any municipal Police Service which is part of a municipal corporation that possesses a coat of arms by lawful grant from the Crown. All such ‘badges’ share a frame of gold maple leaves rising up from a representation of the provincial flower from the province in which the service is sited, all ensigned by the Royal Crown - St. Edward’s Crown.
On a hurt a maple leaf Gules fimbriated Or, all within a wreath of maple leaves Or issuant from a trillium flower proper between two cinquefoils Gules, the whole ensigned by the Royal Crown proper and in base a ribbon Sable edged Or inscribed HAMILTON POLICE SERVICE in letters Argent;
Symbolism: There are many symbolic meanings to various parts of the Hamilton Police Service Coat of Arms. The exterior frame of maple leaves, the trillium, and St. Edward’s Crown follows the traditional style of police coat of arms for a municipal police service in Canada. The Police Service has the responsibility of upholding the peace and the administration of justice under the Canadian Crown. The Royal Crown, at the top of the coat of armst, symbolizes the administration of Crown’s justice, while the laurel of maple leaves and trillium refer to Canada and Ontario respectively. The blue field represents the harbour of the City of Hamilton and the gold edges represent the City’s industry and wealth. The Red Maple Leaf represents Canada. The two cinquefoils allude to the arms of the City of Hamilton in which such a cinquefoil also appears. The cinquefoil is taken from the arms of the Chief of Clan Hamilton, and it thus refers to the City's namesake. The Coat of Arms is included in the Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada. For further information on the coat of arms of the Hamilton Police Service, go to the website of the Governor General of Canada:
Hamilton Police Service Flag (Colours, standards and guidons)
Per bend sinister Azure and Gules a bend sinister Or overall the Badge; The symbolism of this emblem is found in other element(s) of this record
Consecration and Trooping of the Colours: It was on May 12, 2008 that a special event was planned to unveil the Hamilton Police Service Grant of Arms and the Consecration and Trooping the Colour, the Service’s first-ever Police Colour. The Grant of Arms, more commonly known as a Coat of Arms incorporates symbolism reflecting the years of history and heritage of the Hamilton Police Service. A ‘Colour’ is the ceremonial flag, with a specific registered design, awarded to the Hamilton Police Service by Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada. In Canada this is done through the Governor General of Canada and the Canadian Heraldic Authority. The design incorporates very specific symbolic features. To consecrate a flag is to ceremonially dedicate it to the service of the men and women, officers and civilians, of the Hamilton Police Service. The consecration making the flag a visible symbol of the years which have passed since the Service was created, and emblematic of the years to come. It is meant to serve as an inspiration for the future, and is a silent challenge to the future members to meet and exceed the achievements of those who have come before them. In a ceremony steeped in protocol and pageantry, the colour was consecrated by a drumhead service.
The Police Service Logo, similar to our Heraldic Crest, was developed by a Police committee when the Hamilton-Wentworth Regional Police became the Hamilton Police Service. It is the logo that appears on our marked Patrol Vehicles, signage, letterhead, etc.
- St. Edward's Crown
- ribbon containing the words Hamilton
- banner below with the words Police
- within the ribbon:
- maple leaf - representing Canada
- wreath of golden maple leaves
The blue oval at the top of the red maple leaf represents the Hamilton Harbour that gave birth to this industrious city, the six veins of the red maple leaf represent the 6 former municipalities, the veins of the leaf extending into the blue oval illustrate inclusiveness of our diverse community, the gold trim around the maple leaf represents the wealth of our industry, natural resources, business and community partnerships, the two blue waves at the bottom of the leaf represent our vision to be the best and most progressive police service.
Hamilton first had a Police Dog in 1878. The dog's name was ‘Bob’ and he was handled by P.C. Ferris. He was a stray used on downtown patrols to deter ‘troublemakers’. In 1960 Hamilton formalized a Canine Unit, the second municipal Canine Unit in Canada. Today the Hamilton Police deploys four PSD's (Police Service Dog). Each Dog is trained in Human Scent Detection and tracking. Police K-9's are also used for Drug detection, firearms and currency. Hamilton Police also deploys a PSD for explosives detection. Hamilton has had one K-9 killed in the line of duty - PSD TROY killed February 25, 1992 (shot by a suspect during an apprehension). See also Detection dog.
The ACTION Team is made possible through funding obtained from the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services under the Provincial Anti-Violence Intervention Strategy (PAVIS). PAVIS aims to reduce illegal gang, drug and weapons activities in communities by focusing on intervention, prevention, enforcement and community mobilization.
The ACTION Teams consist of teams of officers who are deployed on foot and bicycle patrol. The officers are deployed based on an ongoing analysis of locations, crime trends, and offenders which will ensure that the ACTION Teams are in the right areas at the right times.
Hot spot analysis was used to assist in deployment strategies. Hotspot analysis is a statistical technique used to identify incidents that are concentrated within geographical areas over time. Identifying crime hotspots and analyzing both neighbourhood and crime characteristics within these areas are critical pieces of information for fighting crimes.
The Mounted Patrol Unit (MPU) was formed in September 2009 and consists of five horses and six officers. The priorities of the Mounted Patrol Unit are to heighten the Service’s ability to accomplish:
- crime prevention
- manage entertainment districts
- conduct search and rescue
- provide park and trail safety
- public safety during large scale festivals and events, protests and demonstrations
MPU offers coverage throughout the city of Hamilton with rotating Day, Afternoon and Night Shifts.
Hamilton Police Services operate a four man marine unit, during the summer. The officers in the Marine unit patrol the waters off Hamilton, "scanning for impaired boaters and other safety violations, and performing emergency rescue operations"
Police cars, also known as police cruisers are the most common vehicle used by the Hamilton Police Service. The vehicles are numbered in regards to their division and car number. For example, 710-1 represents that the vehicle is from Division 1 (Central), and the preceding 710 is the vehicle designation number. Vehicles assigned to uniformed Patrol begin with a 7 for a car and a 6 for a Sport utility vehicle. Specialty Units such as ERU and Canine begin with a 9.
|Chevrolet Caprice||General patrol vehicle||retired||United States|
|Chevrolet Impala||General patrol vehicle||retired||Canada|
|Chevrolet Malibu (2001–2005)||Detectives||United States|
|Chevrolet Malibu (2006)||Detectives||Canada|
|Smart fortwo||Specialty Car||France|
|Ford Police Interceptor||(marked) General patrol vehicle, Traffic Enforcement||Canada|
|Ford Taurus||(marked) General Patrol vehicle, Traffic Enforcement||United States|
|Ford Explorer||(marked) General Patrol vehicle||United States|
|Ford Expedition||General patrol vehicle, Traffic||retired||United States|
|Dodge Charger||(marked) General Patrol vehicle, Traffic Enforcement||United States|
|Plymouth Caravelle||General police vehicle||retired||United States|
|Volkswagen New Beetle||Safety Bug car||retired||Mexico|
|Harley Davidson FLHTP||Police motorcycle||United States|
|Polaris Industries/Victory Motorcycles||Police motorcycle||United States|
|Dodge Mercedes-Benz Sprinter||Van—Collision Reconstruction, Forensics||Germany|
|Ford Ambulance||Former City of Hamilton EMS converted to Forensics Lab||United States|
|GMC Savanna||Van—Emergency Response Unit||United States|
|Chevrolet Express Van||Van-Emergency Response Unit||United States|
|Ford Explorer||(un-marked) Canine Unit||United States|
|Ford Expedition||(un-marked) Canine Unit||retired||United States|
|Chevrolet Silverado||SUV—Marine Unit||United States|
|Ford F350||pickup truck with horses trailer—Mounted Unit||United States|
|Terradyne Armored Vehicles Inc./Gurkha Trooper—using F-550 chassis||tactical vehicle—Emergency Response Unit||Canada|
|Ford F-series or GMC Vandura trucks||Prisoner Transportation Services Court Wagons||Canada|
|Ford Van||van RIDE||United States|
|GMC Safari||RIDE||retired||United States|
|Marine Unit – Alliance I||Hyke Industry||Dive Platform & Command Vessel marine boat with Volvo Penta Turbo Chargd 350 hp (260 kW) engines|
|Hovercraft||Hovercraft||used for operating over ice|
|small metal boats||for inland water rescue|
|7 hp Boston Whaler||Marine Unit Patrol|
|Bell JetRanger||Helicopter||1999 Pilot Project shared with Halton Regional Police Service & Peel Regional Police.||Canada|
|Norco Bicycles||mountain bike||Canada|
|Specialized Bicycle Components||mountain bike||United States|
|Cannondale Bicycle Corporation||mountain bike||United States|
|Kona Bicycle Company||mountain bike||Canada|
In the 1990s, the majority of law enforcement agencies of Canada began wearing bulletproof vests and municipal police agencies started carrying semi-automatic handguns in the .40 S&W calibre cartridge. The Hamilton Police carry a Glock 22 handgun or Pistol with hollow-point .40 S&W calibre ammunition.
These firearms replaced the aging .38 Special revolver. A police cruiser might carry a Remington Model 870 which is a shotgun capable of firing a variety of shotgun shells. Other Services have begun carrying the carbine rifle.
Other less-lethal weapons carried include conducted energy weapons (Tasers), pepper spray, and an expandable baton. In addition, the personal equipment of police officers typically includes: handcuffs, flashlight, portable radio, notebook, and a pair of disposable gloves and Kevlar gloves.
The Emergency Response Unit (ERU) are issued a Glock handgun with 9mm calibre ammunition. They also use a variety of Less-lethal weapons such as flexible baton rounds. Other weapons used by ERU include:
- MP5A3 9 mm submachine gun
- Remington 870 shotgun
- Diemaco C8 carbine
- Taser International M18 taser
- Taser International X26 taser
- Pepper spray (OC Spray)
- Tear gas (CS Gas)
- Rubber bullets or bean bags rounds
- ARWEN 37 37 mm riot gun (and AR-1 plastic baton rounds, may also be available to the Public Order Unit (POU) for crowd/riot control)
- Statutes of Upper Canada, 1833 3° William IV pg. 58-68, Chapter XVII. An act to define the Limits of the Town of Hamilton, in the District of Gore, and to establish a Police and Public Market therein.
- Hamilton Police Service Official web site
- Hamilton Fire Department
- Hamilton Emergency Medical Services