Hamlet (place)

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Oberwil in Waldkirch, St. Gallen, Switzerland is an example of a hamlet

A hamlet is a type of settlement. The definition of hamlet varies by country. It usually refers to a small settlement in a rural area, or a component of a larger settlement or municipality. Hamlets are typically unincorporated communities.

Etymology

The word comes from Anglo-Norman hamelet(t)e, corresponding to Old French hamelet, the diminutive of Old French hamel. This, in turn, is a diminutive of Old French ham, possibly borrowed from Germanic. Compare Dutch heem, German Heim, Old English hām and Modern English home.1

Canada

In Canada's three territories, hamlets are officially designated municipalities.2 As of January 1, 2010:

  • Northwest Territories had 10 hamlets,2 which had a population of less than 1,000 people as of the 2006 census;34
  • Nunavut had 24 hamlets,2 all of which had a population of less than 2,500 people as of the 2006 census;5 and
  • Yukon had two hamlets,2 both of which had a population of less than 400 people as of the 2006 census.6

In Canada's provinces, hamlets are usually small unincorporated communities within a larger municipality, such as many communities within the single-tier municipalities of Ontariocitation needed or within Alberta's specialized and rural municipalities.7

Canada's two largest hamlets – Fort McMurray (formerly incorporated as a city)8 and Sherwood Park – are located in Alberta. They both have populations well in excess of the 10,000-person threshold to incorporate as a city.910 As such, these two hamlets have been further designated by the Province of Alberta as urban service areas.11 An urban service area is recognized as equivalent to a city for the purposes of program delivery and grant eligibility.1213

France

During the 18th century, for rich or noble people, it was up-to-date to create their own hameau (hamlet) in their gardens. They were a group of some houses or farms with rustic appearance, but in fact very comfortable. The best known in the Hameau de la Reine built by the queen Marie-Antoinette in the park of the Château de Versailles. Or the Hameau de Chantilly built by Louis Joseph, Prince of Condé in Chantilly, Oise.

Lieu-dit (local name) is another name for hamlet. The difference is that a hamlet is permanently inhabited, but a lieu-dit is not (in winter for example, or when the lieu-dit is only an important road crossing).

Germany

In Germany hamlets are called weiler (German: [ˈva͡ɪlɐ]). They are often part of bigger villages and municipalities. Most German hamlets are situated in Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate and Hesse.citation needed In the low Saxon dialect of northwestern Germany hamlets are called Bauerschaft, pl. -en.

Indonesia

The hamlet Kampung Naga in West Java Province, Indonesia

All over Indonesia, hamlets are known as kampung. They are known as dusun in Central Java and East Java, banjar in Bali, jorong or kampuang in West Sumatra.

Romania

In Romania hamlets are called cătunuri (singular: cătun), and they represent villages that contain several houses at most. They are legally considered villages, and statistically, they are placed in the same category. Like villages, they do not have a separate administration, and thus are not an administrative division, but are part of a parent commune.

Switzerland

In the four national languages hamlets are known as Weiler (German), hameaux (French), frazioni (Italian) and fracziun (Romansh). A hamlet is always part of a larger municipality or may be shared between two municipalities. The difference between a hamlet and a village is that typically a hamlet lacks a compact core settlement and lacks a central building such as a church or inn. However, some hamlets (Kirchwiler) may have grown up as an unplanned settlement around a church.14 There is no population limit that defines a hamlet and some hamlets have a larger population than some of the smallest municipalities. Generally there are no street names in a hamlet; rather, addresses are given by hamlet name and a number. House numbers might start at one side of the hamlet and continue to the other side or may have no clear organization.

A hamlet may form or have formed a Bürgergemeinde (legal place of citizenship regardless of where a person was born or currently lives) and may own common property for the Bürgergemeinde.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, the word 'hamlet' has no defined legal meaning, although hamlets are recognised as part of land use planning policies and administration. A hamlet is traditionally defined ecclesiastically as a village or settlement that usually does not have its own church,15 belonging to a parish of another village or town. In modern usage it generally refers to a secondary settlement in a civil parish, after the main settlement (if any). Hamlets may have been formed around a single source of economic activity such as a farm, mill, mine or harbour that employed its working population. Some hamlets, particularly those that have a medieval church, may be the result of the depopulation of a village.

The term hamlet was used in some parts of the countryclarification needed for a geographical subdivision of a parish (which might or might not contain a settlement). Elsewhere, these subdivisions were called "townships" or "tithings".1617

In the Scottish Highlands the term clachan, of Gaelic derivation, may be preferred to the term "hamlet".18 Also found in Scotland more generally is "fermtoun" used in the specific case of a settlement of agricultural workers' homes.citation needed

In Northern Ireland the common Irish place name element baile is sometimes considered equivalent to the term "hamlet" in English, although baile would actually have referred to what is known in English today as a townland that is a geographical locality, not a small village.

United States

New York

In New York, hamlets are unincorporated settlements within towns. Hamlets are usually not legal entities and have no local government or official boundaries. Their approximate locations will often be noted on road signs, however.

A hamlet usually depends upon the town that contains it for municipal services and government. A hamlet could be described as the rural or suburban equivalent of a neighborhood in a city or village. The area of a hamlet may not be exactly defined and may simply be contained within the ZIP code of its post office, or may be defined by its school or fire district. Some hamlets proximate to urban areas are sometimes continuous with their cities and appear to be neighborhoods, but they still are under the jurisdiction of the town. Some hamlets, such as Levittown in the Town of Hempstead, with a population of over 50,000, are more populous than some incorporated cities in the state. Others, like The Bellmores in the Town of Hempstead have a population of 16,218.

Oregon

In Oregon, specifically in Clackamas County, a hamlet is a form of local government for small communities, which allows the citizens therein to organize and co-ordinate community activities. Hamlets do not provide services such as utilities or fire protection, and do not have the authority to levy taxes or fees. There are four hamlets in Oregon: Beavercreek, Mulino, Molalla Prairie, and Stafford.

See also

References

  1. ^ T. F. Hoad, English Etymology, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-283098-8.
  2. ^ a b c d Statistics Canada (2010). "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names (From January 2, 2009 to January 1, 2010)". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  3. ^ Statistics Canada (2010-11-05). "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data (Northwest Territories)". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  4. ^ Statistics Canada (2010-04-30). "Table 1 Changes to census subdivisions in alphabetical order by province and territory (with 8C and 9C)". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  5. ^ Statistics Canada (2010-11-05). "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data (Nunavut)". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  6. ^ Statistics Canada (2010-11-05). "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data (Yukon Territory)". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  7. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-04-01). "Specialized and Rural Municipalities and Their Communities". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  8. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-11-15). "Municipal Profile – Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  9. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2009-09-15). "2009 Official Population List". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  10. ^ Alberta Queen's Printer (2009-09-15). "2009 Official Population List". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  11. ^ Alberta Municipal Affairs (2010-04-01). "2010 Municipal Codes". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  12. ^ Province of Alberta (1994-12-21). "Order in Council 817/94 (R.M. of Wood Buffalo status change to specialized municipality)". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  13. ^ Province of Alberta (1995-12-06). "Order in Council 761/95 (Strathcona County status change to specialized municipality)". Retrieved 2010-11-17. 
  14. ^ Projektteam SINUS. Landschaftsökologische Strukturmerkmale als Indikatoren der Nachhaltigkeit, Spatial INdices for LandUSe Sustainability (SINUS) (Report). University of Vienna. p. 308-317. http://131.130.59.133/projekte/sinus/pdf/kap10.pdf. Retrieved 16 May 2013.
  15. ^ Greg Stevenson (2006) "What is a Village?", Exploring British Villages, BBC, accessed 20 December 2011
  16. ^ Kain R J P, Oliver R D, Historic Parishes of England & Wales,HDS, 2001, ISBN 0-9540032-0-9, p 12
  17. ^ "Status definition: Hamlet". A Vision of Britain through Time. Great Britain Historical GIS Project. Retrieved 2007-08-31. 
  18. ^ "Clachan". Dictionary of the Scots Language. Retrieved 2011-10-24. 

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