Hanover, New Hampshire

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Hanover, New Hampshire
Town
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°42′08″N 72°17′22″W / 43.70222°N 72.28944°W / 43.70222; -72.28944Coordinates: 43°42′08″N 72°17′22″W / 43.70222°N 72.28944°W / 43.70222; -72.28944
Country United States
State New Hampshire
County Grafton
Incorporated 1761
Government
 • Board of Selectmen Peter L. Christie, Chairman
William V. Geraghty
Nancy A. Carter
Jay C. Buckey, Jr.
Athos J. Rassias
 • Town Manager Julia N. Griffin
Area
 • Total 50.3 sq mi (130.2 km2)
 • Land 49.0 sq mi (127.0 km2)
 • Water 1.3 sq mi (3.3 km2)  2.52%
Elevation 528 ft (161 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,260
 • Density 220/sq mi (86/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC−4)
ZIP code 03755
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code 33-33860
GNIS feature ID 0873619
Website www.hanovernh.org

Hanover is a town along the Connecticut River in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 11,260 at the 2010 census.1 CNN and Money magazine rated Hanover the sixth best place to live in America in 2011,2 and the second best in 2007.3

Dartmouth College and the US Army Corps of Engineers Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory are located there. The Appalachian Trail crosses the town.

The main village of the town, where 8,636 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Hanover census-designated place (CDP), and is located at the junctions of New Hampshire routes 10, 10A, and 120. The town also contains the villages of Etna and Hanover Center.

History

Hanover was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth on July 4, 1761, and in 1765–1766 its first European inhabitants arrived, the majority from Connecticut. Although the surface is uneven, the town developed into an agricultural community. Dartmouth College was established in 1769 beside the Common at a village called the Plain—an extensive and level tract of land a mile (1.6 kilometers) from the Connecticut River, and about 150 feet (46 meters) above it.4

At one point in its history, the southwest corner of Hanover was known as Dresden, which in the 1780s joined other disgruntled New Hampshire towns along the Connecticut River that briefly defected to what was then the independent Republic of Vermont. For a time, Dresden was capital of the republic.5 After various political posturings, however, the towns returned to New Hampshire at the heated insistence of George Washington.6 One remnant of this era is that the name Dresden is still used in the Dresden School District, an interstate school district serving both Hanover and Norwich, Vermont—the first and one of the few inter-state school districts in the nation.

Etymology

"Hannover" (as it was spelled in the 1761 charter) was named either after a local parish in Sprague, Connecticut, or after the House of Hanover in honor of the reigning British king, George III.7

While it is likely that the name "Dresden" derived from Dresden in Germany, it has also been suggested that it could derive directly from the old Sorbian word drezg ("forest") or Drezd'ane, for an inhabitant of a forest.89

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 50.3 square miles (130.3 km2), of which 49.0 square miles (126.9 km2) is land and 1.3 square miles (3.4 km2) is water, comprising 2.52% of the town.10 The primary settlement in Hanover, where over 75% of the town's population resides, is defined as the Hanover census-designated place (CDP) and contains the areas around Dartmouth College and the intersections of New Hampshire Routes 10, 10A, and 120. The CDP has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which 4.6 square miles (12 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) is water.

Hanover borders the towns of Lyme, Canaan, and Enfield, New Hampshire; Norwich, Vermont; and the city of Lebanon, New Hampshire. Inside the limits of Hanover are the small rural villages of Etna and Hanover Center.

The highest point in Hanover is the north peak of Moose Mountain, at 2,313 feet (705 m) above sea level. Hanover lies fully within the Connecticut River watershed.11

There are a number of trails and nature preserves in Hanover, and the majority of these trails are suitable for snowshoes and cross-country skis.

Climate

Hanover experiences a warm summer continental climate (Köppen Dfb), with long, cold, snowy winters, and warm, humid summers. Temperatures average 19.0 °F (−7.2 °C) in January to 70.9 °F (21.6 °C) in July, and the annual mean is 46.0 °F (7.8 °C). Extremes range from −40 °F (−40 °C), recorded on February 16, 1943,12 to 103 °F (39 °C), recorded on August 2, 1975.13


Climate data for Hanover, New Hampshire
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
63
(17)
86
(30)
93
(34)
96
(36)
98
(37)
101
(38)
103
(39)
97
(36)
87
(31)
79
(26)
70
(21)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 29.3
(−1.5)
34.0
(1.1)
43.5
(6.4)
56.6
(13.7)
70.4
(21.3)
78.5
(25.8)
82.9
(28.3)
80.8
(27.1)
71.3
(21.8)
58.5
(14.7)
45.6
(7.6)
33.6
(0.9)
57.08
(13.93)
Average low °F (°C) 8.7
(−12.9)
11.6
(−11.3)
22.1
(−5.5)
32.8
(0.4)
44.1
(6.7)
53.5
(11.9)
58.8
(14.9)
57.3
(14.1)
49.4
(9.7)
37.3
(2.9)
28.4
(−2)
15.6
(−9.1)
34.97
(1.65)
Record low °F (°C) −28
(−33)
−40
(−40)
−22
(−30)
7
(−14)
22
(−6)
30
(−1)
39
(4)
33
(1)
22
(−6)
13
(−11)
−12
(−24)
−34
(−37)
−40
(−40)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.97
(75.4)
2.34
(59.4)
2.87
(72.9)
3.02
(76.7)
3.45
(87.6)
3.36
(85.3)
3.69
(93.7)
3.70
(94)
3.54
(89.9)
3.47
(88.1)
3.38
(85.9)
2.90
(73.7)
38.69
(982.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 17.6
(44.7)
12.7
(32.3)
10.8
(27.4)
2.0
(5.1)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
4.0
(10.2)
15.3
(38.9)
62.4
(158.6)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.0 8.7 10.5 11.7 12.7 12.6 12.2 11.9 12.1 11.6 11.9 11.4 138.3
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 8.7 6.0 3.8 1.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 2.8 7.3 29.8
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971−2000) 14
Source #2: The Weather Channel (extreme temperatures) 15


Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,613
1850 2,350 −10.1%
1860 2,308 −1.8%
1870 2,085 −9.7%
1880 2,147 3.0%
1890 1,817 −15.4%
1900 1,884 3.7%
1910 2,075 10.1%
1920 2,264 9.1%
1930 3,043 34.4%
1940 3,425 12.6%
1950 6,259 82.7%
1960 7,329 17.1%
1970 8,494 15.9%
1980 9,119 7.4%
1990 9,212 1.0%
2000 10,850 17.8%
2010 11,260 3.8%

As of the census16 of 2000, there were 10,850 people, 2,832 households, and 1,761 families residing in the town. The population density was 221.0 people per square mile (85.3/km2). There were 2,989 housing units at an average density of 60.9 per square mile (23.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 87.98% White, 1.74% Black, 0.47% Indigenous American, 6.76% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.88% from other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. 2.54% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,832 households out of which 31.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town the population was spread out with 15.1% under the age of 18, 37.6% from 18 to 24, 16.6% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $72,470, and the median income for a family was $99,158. Males had a median income of $63,409 versus $35,771 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,393. About 0.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.

Town center

As of the census16 of 2000, there were 8,162 people, 1,829 households, and 967 families residing in the town's central settlement, or census-designated place (CDP). The population density was 1,792.2 people per square mile (692.6/km2). There were 1,891 housing units at an average density of 415.2 per square mile (160.5/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 85.27% White, 2.25% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 8.18% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.17% of the population.

There were 1,829 households out of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.8% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.1% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 11.1% under the age of 18, 49.0% from 18 to 24, 14.5% from 25 to 44, 12.0% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females there were 98.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $62,143, and the median income for a family was $90,548. Males had a median income of $56,667 versus $35,682 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $26,426. About 1.0% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Students playing cricket at Dartmouth College in 1793
Public schools
Universities
Private schools

Economy

White Mountains Insurance Group is based in Hanover.

Infrastructure

Water

The Hanover Water Company supplies water for downtown Hanover from several local reservoirs. The company is owned by Dartmouth College (52.8%) and the Town of Hanover (47.2%), with management by the Town of Hanover under a contract. In 2000, all full-time company employees became town employees. In recent years, the town has spent over $20 million to upgrade main water lines, and will undergo another $6 million project to build a new water treatment plant. Outside the downtown area, residents rely on private wells that are not maintained by the town.

Other utilities

FairPoint Communications furnishes telephone communication. The municipality provides sewage treatment.

Notable people

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ "Best Places to Live: Top 100 - Hanover, N.H. (6)". Money Magazine. Cable News Network. A Time Warner Company. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  3. ^ "Best Places to Live: Top 100 - Hanover, N.H. (2)". Money Magazine. Cable News Network. A Time Warner Company. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 516–519. 
  5. ^ Hill, Ralph Nading (1965). The College on the Hill: A Dartmouth Chronicle. Hanover, NH: Dartmouth Publishing. p. 46. 
  6. ^ Daniell, Jere (1976). "The American Republic: 1760–1780: The Western Rebellion". New Hampshire Profile. The Flow of History. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  7. ^ "About the Town of Hanover". www.hanovernh.org. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  8. ^ The settlers in the riverside forest, an appellation fully compatible with that of the early inhabitants of the Hanover Plain.
  9. ^ Dick Hoefnagel and Virginia L. Close. "Dresden: What Is in the Name". Retrieved October 25, 2008. 
  10. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Hanover town, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved November 10, 2011. 
  11. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; and Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey. 
  12. ^ "February Daily Averages for Hanover, NH (03755)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  13. ^ "August Daily Averages for Hanover, NH (03755)". The Weather Channel. Retrieved November 14, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20 1971−2000: HANOVER, NH" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2011-04-02. 
  15. ^ "Monthly Averages for Hanover, NH (03755)" (Table). The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-14. 
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Hopkins, Robert C.; Rearick, Richard R. (1995). Cardigan Mountain School: History, 1945-1995. Littleton, NH: Sherwin Dodge. pp. 81–88. 

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