|Possible time of origin||26,800 (23,000 - 34,300) years ago (Karafet 2008)|
|Possible place of origin||Siberia Europe Central Asia or South Asia|
|Descendants||Paragroup R-M207, R-M173, R-M479|
|Defining mutations||R = M207 (UTY2), P224, P227, P229, P232, P280, P285, S4, S8, S9 and V45 (ISOGG 2010)|
In molecular evolution, a haplogroup (from the Greek: ἁπλούς, haploûs, "onefold, single, simple") is a group of similar haplotypes that share a common ancestor having the same single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mutation in all haplotypes. Haplogroup R-M207 is a Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup. It marks a major split in paleolithic lineages some descendant lines are common throughout Europe, Central Asia and South Asia, and also common in parts of the West Asia and Africa. Others are primarily from West Asia and South Asia. This line is a descendant of haplogroup P-M45.
This haplogroup is believed to have arisen around 20,000-34,000 years ago (Karafet 2008), somewhere in Central Asia or South Asia, where its ancestor Haplogroup P-M45 is most often found at polymorphic frequencies (Wells 2001). Haplogroup R has been proven by ancient DNA to be at least 23,000 years 
The two currently defined subclades are R-M173 and R-M479. Haplogroup R-M173 is estimated to have arisen during the height of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), about 18,500 years ago, most likely in southwestern Asia (Underhill 2009).
Y-haplogroup R-M207 is found throughout all continents, but is fairly common throughout Europe, South Asia and Central Asia. Small frequencies are found in Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, and Indigenous Australians (Kayser 2003). It also occurs in Caucasus, Near East, West China, Siberia and some parts of Africa.citation needed
Y-chromosomes which possess the marker M207 that defines Haplogroup R-M207 but neither of the markers for its subgroups, are categorized as belonging to group R-M207*. R-M207* is rare. Kivisild 2003 reported finding R-M207 in 3.4% (1/29) of a sample of Indians from Gujarat. According to Firasat 2007, R-M207* has been found in 10.3% (10/97) of a sample of Burusho, 6.8% (3/44) of a sample of Kalash, and 1.0% (1/96) of a sample of Pashtuns from northern Pakistan in addition to 0.63% (4/638) of an ethnically mixed Pakistani sample. Haplogroup R* y-dna (xR1,R2) was found in 23,000 year old remains from mal'ta in Siberia near lake Baikal  THe area that the Mal'ta boy was buried is now inhabited by Russians, however several hundred years ago it was inhabited by Buryats, who have a very low frequency of haplogroup R, ancient dna sugggests haplgoroup R could have began in Siberia or Europe.
In the Americas, it is not a pre-Columbian founding lineage. The presence of R-M173 in the Americas is probably partly or wholly the result of Eurasian admixture (Malhi 2008 and Lell 2002). However, it is the second most common haplogroup in Indigenous peoples of the Americas following haplogroup Q-M242, and spreads specially in Algonquian peoples from United States and Canada (Malhi 2008).
Haplogroup R-M479 is defined by the presence of the marker M479. The paragroup for the R-M479 lineage is found in Pakistan North, Lisbon (Portugal), Sevilla (Andalusia, Spain), Tatars (Bashkortostan, Russia), Italy North, and Osetins South (South Caucasus) (Myres 2010).
There are several confirmed and proposed phylogenetic trees available for haplogroup R-M207. The scientifically accepted one is the Y-Chromosome Consortium (YCC) one published in Karafet 2008 and subsequently updated. A draft tree that shows emerging science is provided by Thomas Krahn at the Genomic Research Center in Houston, Texas.
This is Thomas Krahn at the Genomic Research Center's Draft tree Proposed Tree for haplogroup R-M207. The first three levels of subclades are shown. Additional detail is provided on the linked branch article pages (Krahn 2012).
- Genetic history of Europe
- Archaeogenetics of the Near East
- Conversion table for Y chromosome haplogroups
- Genetic Genealogy
- Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup
- Molecular Phylogeny
- Y-chromosomal Aaron
- Y-chromosome haplogroups by populations
- Y-DNA haplogroups in European populations
- Y-DNA haplogroups by populations of Near East and North Africa
- Y-DNA haplogroups by populations of the Caucasus
- Y-DNA haplogroups by ethnic groups
|Parts of this article (those related to http://biorxiv.org/content/early/2013/11/22/000802.1 and http://www.phylotree.org/Y/tree/ ) are outdated. (November 2013)|
|Evolutionary tree of human Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups|
R 207 1b1b2a1a
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