Harvey County, Kansas

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Harvey County, Kansas
Map of Kansas highlighting Harvey County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 7, 1872
Named for James M. Harvey
Seat Newton
Largest city Newton
Area
 • Total 540.50 sq mi (1,400 km2)
 • Land 539.33 sq mi (1,397 km2)
 • Water 1.17 sq mi (3 km2), 0.22%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 34,852
 • Density 64.6/sq mi (24.9/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.harveycounty.com

Coordinates: 38°03′N 97°26′W / 38.050°N 97.433°W / 38.050; -97.433

Harvey County (county code HV) is a county located in South Central Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 34,684.1 Its county seat and most populous city is Newton.2

Harvey County is a part of the Wichita (Kansas) Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

19th century

1915 Railroad Map of Harvey County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

In 1871, the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway extended a main line from Emporia to Newton.3

In 1872, Harvey County was founded, and named in honor of the fifth Governor of Kansas James M. Harvey.

Law and government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.4

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 540.50 square miles (1,399.9 km2), of which 539.33 square miles (1,396.9 km2) (or 99.78%) is land and 1.17 square miles (3.0 km2) (or 0.22%) is water.5 The Little Arkansas River flows through the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 11,451
1890 17,601 53.7%
1900 17,591 −0.1%
1910 19,200 9.1%
1920 20,744 8.0%
1930 22,120 6.6%
1940 21,712 −1.8%
1950 21,698 −0.1%
1960 25,865 19.2%
1970 27,236 5.3%
1980 30,531 12.1%
1990 31,028 1.6%
2000 32,869 5.9%
2010 34,684 5.5%
Est. 2012 34,852 6 0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census7
2012 estimate
2005 KDOT Map of Harvey County (map legend)

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,8 there were 32,869 people, 12,581 households, and 8,932 families residing in the county. The population density was 61 people per square mile (24/km²). There were 13,378 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.04% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.17% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.97% of the population.

There were 12,581 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.20% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 25.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, and 16.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,907, and the median income for a family was $48,793. Males had a median income of $35,037 versus $22,492 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,715. About 4.20% of families and 6.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 5.00% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2010):

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Townships

Harvey County is divided into fifteen townships. The cities of Halstead and Newton are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Alta 01500 221 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.48% 38°7′27″N 97°38′44″W / 38.12417°N 97.64556°W / 38.12417; -97.64556
Burrton 09600 1,143 12 (32) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°1′32″N 97°39′55″W / 38.02556°N 97.66528°W / 38.02556; -97.66528
Darlington 17025 601 7 (17) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.10% 37°57′5″N 97°19′32″W / 37.95139°N 97.32556°W / 37.95139; -97.32556
Emma 21025 4,181 45 (116) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°8′10″N 97°25′46″W / 38.13611°N 97.42944°W / 38.13611; -97.42944
Garden 25300 294 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°7′44″N 97°32′14″W / 38.12889°N 97.53722°W / 38.12889; -97.53722
Halstead 29625 353 4 (10) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°2′9″N 97°31′51″W / 38.03583°N 97.53083°W / 38.03583; -97.53083
Highland 31875 415 5 (12) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.19% 38°7′38″N 97°19′9″W / 38.12722°N 97.31917°W / 38.12722; -97.31917
Lake 37825 173 2 (5) 92 (36) 1 (0) 1.05% 37°57′46″N 97°39′7″W / 37.96278°N 97.65194°W / 37.96278; -97.65194
Lakin 38150 357 4 (10) 92 (35) 0 (0) 0.06% 37°57′18″N 97°32′20″W / 37.95500°N 97.53889°W / 37.95500; -97.53889
Macon 43925 1,056 11 (30) 92 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°2′8″N 97°24′58″W / 38.03556°N 97.41611°W / 38.03556; -97.41611
Newton 50500 1,950 28 (73) 69 (27) 0 (0) 0.07% 38°3′27″N 97°19′31″W / 38.05750°N 97.32528°W / 38.05750; -97.32528
Pleasant 56250 439 5 (12) 93 (36) 1 (0) 0.81% 38°2′27″N 97°12′8″W / 38.04083°N 97.20222°W / 38.04083; -97.20222
Richland 59350 360 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.20% 37°57′39″N 97°12′1″W / 37.96083°N 97.20028°W / 37.96083; -97.20028
Sedgwick 63825 1,711 18 (48) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 37°56′24″N 97°25′22″W / 37.94000°N 97.42278°W / 37.94000; -97.42278
Walton 75225 552 6 (15) 95 (37) 0 (0) 0.06% 38°7′26″N 97°13′1″W / 38.12389°N 97.21694°W / 38.12389; -97.21694
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education

Unified school districts

District Office In Neighboring County

College

See also

Further reading

Harvey County
Kansas

References

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Santa Fe Rail History
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  5. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  7. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links

County
Historical
Maps











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