Haskell County, Kansas

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Haskell County, Kansas
Haskell County, KS, Courthouse at Sublette, KS IMG 5961.JPG
Haskell County Court House in Sublette
Map of Kansas highlighting Haskell County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 23, 1887
Named for Dudley C. Haskell
Seat Sublette
Largest city Sublette
Area
 • Total 577.73 sq mi (1,496 km2)
 • Land 577.37 sq mi (1,495 km2)
 • Water 0.36 sq mi (1 km2), 0.06%
Population
 • (2010) 4,256
 • Density 7.2/sq mi (2.8/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website haskellcounty.org

Coordinates: 37°34′N 100°52′W / 37.567°N 100.867°W / 37.567; -100.867

Haskell County (county code HS) is a county located in Southwest Kansas, in the Central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 4,256.1 Its county seat and most populous city is Sublette.2

Law and government

Although the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 to allow the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with the approval of voters, Haskell County has remained a prohibition, or "dry", county.3

History

Haskell County was founded in 1887.4 It was named for Dudley C. Haskell, a former member of Congress.5

John M. Barry, Distinguished Visiting Scholar, the Center for Bioenvironmental Research of Tulane and Xavier Universities, New Orleans, Louisiana, concluded that Haskell County was the location of the first outbreak of the Spanish flu of 1918, which killed between 21 and 100 million people.6 The same point is made in his critically acclaimed book The Great Influenza; The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History. Dr. Loring Miner, a tough and intelligent Haskell County doctor, warned the editors of Public Health Reports of the U.S. Public Health Service about the new and more deadly variant of the virus. It produced the common influenza symptoms with a new intensity: "violent headache and body aches, high fever, non-productive cough. . . . This was violent, rapid in its progress through the body, and sometimes lethal. This influenza killed. Soon dozens of patients—the strongest, the healthiest, the most robust people in the county—were being struck down as suddenly as if they had been shot." 7 Barry writes that "In the first six months of 1918, Miner's warning of 'influenza of a severe type' was the only reference in that journal to influenza anywhere in the world.8

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 577.73 square miles (1,496.3 km2), of which 577.37 square miles (1,495.4 km2) (or 99.94%) is land and 0.36 square miles (0.93 km2) (or 0.06%) is water.9

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,077
1900 457 −57.6%
1910 993 117.3%
1920 1,455 46.5%
1930 2,805 92.8%
1940 2,088 −25.6%
1950 2,606 24.8%
1960 2,990 14.7%
1970 3,672 22.8%
1980 3,814 3.9%
1990 3,886 1.9%
2000 4,307 10.8%
2010 4,256 −1.2%
Est. 2012 4,256 10 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census11

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,12 there were 4,307 people, 1,481 households, and 1,153 families residing in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 1,639 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.07% White, 0.63% Asian, 0.58% Native American, 0.19% Black or African American, 11.45% from other races, and 2.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.57% of the population.

There were 1,481 households out of which 43.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.40% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.10% were non-families. 20.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county the population was spread out with 32.90% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 103.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,634, and the median income for a family was $43,354. Males had a median income of $31,296 versus $22,857 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,349. About 8.00% of families and 11.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 9.40% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Townships

Haskell County is divided into three townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Dudley 18825 1,814 4 (9) 499 (193) 0 (0) 0.03% 37°30′40″N 101°0′28″W / 37.51111°N 101.00778°W / 37.51111; -101.00778
Haskell 30625 1,971 4 (10) 498 (192) 0 (0) 0.07% 37°32′25″N 100°51′43″W / 37.54028°N 100.86194°W / 37.54028; -100.86194
Lockport 41675 522 1 (3) 498 (192) 0 (0) 0.09% 37°34′19″N 100°43′11″W / 37.57194°N 100.71972°W / 37.57194; -100.71972
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education

2005 KDOT Map of Haskell County (map legend)
Satellite image of circular crop fields in Haskell County in late June 2001.

Unified school districts

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2004. Retrieved 2007-01-21. 
  4. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 826. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 152. 
  6. ^ Barry, John. The site of origin of the 1918 influenza pandemic and its public health implications, Journal of Translational Medicine, 2:3. Accessed 2007-08-26.
  7. ^ John M. Barry, The Great Influenza; The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History (New York: Penguin Books, c2004, 2005) p. 93.
  8. ^ John M. Barry, The Great Influenza; The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History (New York: Penguin Books, c2004, 2005) pp. 94-95.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  10. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  11. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading

External links

Official sites
Additional information
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