|Studio album / soundtrack by The Beatles|
|Released||6 August 1965|
|Recorded||15–19 February, 13 April, 10 May & 14–17 June 1965,
EMI Studios, London
|Genre||Rock,1 pop rock,2 folk rock3|
|The Beatles chronology|
|The A.V. Club||A5|
|The Daily Telegraph||7|
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music||8|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004)||11|
|The Rolling Stone Record Guide (1979)||12|
Help! is the fifth British and tenth North American album by English rock group the Beatles, and the soundtrack from their film Help!. Produced by George Martin for EMI's Parlophone Records, it contains fourteen songs in its original British form, of which seven appeared in the film. These songs took up the first side of the vinyl album and included the singles "Help!" and "Ticket to Ride". The second side contained seven other releases including the most-covered song ever written, "Yesterday".13
The American release was a true soundtrack album, mixing the first seven songs with orchestral material from the film. Of the other seven songs that were on the British release, two were released on the US version of the next Beatles album, Rubber Soul, two were back-to-back on the next US single and then appeared on Yesterday and Today, and three had already been on Beatles VI.
In 2012, Help! was voted 331st on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time".14 In September 2013, after the British Phonographic Industry changed their sales award rules, the album was declared as having gone platinum.15
The album features Paul McCartney's "Yesterday", arranged for guitar and string quartet and recorded without the other group members. John Lennon's "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away" indicates the influence of Bob Dylan and includes classical flutes. While several compositions on 1964's Beatles for Sale, as well as "I'll Cry Instead" from A Hard Day's Night, had leaned in a country and western direction, McCartney's "I've Just Seen a Face" was almost pure country, taken at such a fast tempo that it might have been bluegrass if not for the absence of banjo and fiddle.16
"Ticket to Ride", also released as a single, was felt by Lennon to be "heavy" in its sound compared to the group's previous output17 and daring in its reference to a boy and girl living together. McCartney called the arrangement "quite radical".
The record contained two cover versions and a few tracks more closely related to the group's previous pop output, yet still marked a decisive step forward. The record sleeve-note shows that Lennon and McCartney made more extensive and prominent use of keyboards, previously played unobtrusively by Martin. Four-track overdubbing technology encouraged this. Lennon, for his part, made much greater use of acoustic guitar, forsaking his famous Rickenbacker. All these developments can be traced to the previous Beatles for Sale, where they were less obvious because that album had been recorded more hastily, lacked chart hits and contained many cover versions.citation needed
The original LP's format of featuring songs from the soundtrack on side one and non-soundtrack songs on side two follows the format of A Hard Day's Night.
In later years, Lennon stated that the album's title track was a sincere cry for help; he regretted changing it from a downbeat, piano-driven ballad to an uptempo pop song, which was done only as a result of commercial pressures.1920
Help! was the band's final British album (except for the late 1966 "oldies" album) to feature any cover songs until 1970's Let It Be (which included a performance of the traditional folk song "Maggie Mae"). (In 1966, Capitol would release "Act Naturally", already on the British Help! album, on Yesterday and Today, and later in 1966 Parlophone would release that "oldies" album, which included "Bad Boy"; both songs had been recorded before Help! was released.)
A few songs that were intended for the film were not used because of the Beatles' suggestions. Lennon and McCartney wrote "If You've Got Trouble" for Ringo Starr to sing, but the song was rejected and Starr sang "Act Naturally" (which is not in the film but is about being in the movies) instead.21 "That Means a Lot" was written for the film, but the Beatles were not satisfied with their performance of the song and they gave it to P.J. Proby, who released it as a single.22 Lennon said "Yes It Is" was "me trying a rewrite of 'This Boy', but it didn't work";23 it was released as the B-side of "Ticket to Ride" and was also on Beatles VI. "You Like Me Too Much" and "Tell Me What You See" were rejected for use in the film by its director, Richard Lester, though they did appear on the album (and also on Beatles VI).citation needed
The album cover features the Beatles with their arms positioned to spell out a word in flag semaphore. According to cover photographer Robert Freeman, "I had the idea of semaphore spelling out the letters "HELP". But when we came to do the shot, the arrangement of the arms with those letters didn't look good. So we decided to improvise and ended up with the best graphic positioning of the arms."24
On the UK Parlophone release, the letters formed by the Beatles appear to be "NUJV", whilst the slightly re-arranged US release on Capitol Records appeared to feature the letters "NVUJ", with McCartney's left hand pointing to the Capitol logo.25 The Capitol LP was issued in a "deluxe" gatefold sleeve with several photos from the film and was priced $1 more than standard Capitol releases at the time.
There have been three Compact Disc releases of Help!. The first was on 30 April 1987, using the 14-song UK track line-up. Having been available only as an import in the US in the past, the original 14-track UK version replaced the original US version with its release on LP and cassette as well on 21 July 1987. As with the CD release of the 1965 Rubber Soul album, the Help! CD featured a contemporary stereo digital remix of the album prepared by Martin in 1986. Martin had expressed concern to EMI over the original 1965 stereo remix, claiming it sounded "very woolly, and not at all what I thought should be a good issue". Martin went back to the original four-tracks tapes and remixed them for stereo.26 One of the most notable changes is the echo added to "Dizzy Miss Lizzy", something that was not evident on the original mix of the LP.
When the album was originally released on CD in Canada, pressings were imported from other countries, and used the 1987 remix. However, when the Disque Améric and Cinram plants in Canada started pressing the album, the original 1965 stereo mix was used by mistake. This was the only source for the 1965 stereo mix in its entirety until the release of the mono box set in 2009.27
The 2009 remastered stereo CD was released on 9 September. It was "created from the original stereo digital master tapes from Martin's CD mixes made in 1986".28 The disc in the mono box set contains the 1965 mono mix as well as the 1965 stereo mix.
All songs written and composed by Lennon–McCartney, except where noted.
|2.||"The Night Before"||McCartney||2:33|
|3.||"You've Got to Hide Your Love Away"||Lennon||2:08|
|4.||"I Need You" (George Harrison)||Harrison||2:28|
|6.||"You're Going to Lose That Girl"||Lennon||2:17|
|7.||"Ticket to Ride"||Lennon with McCartney||3:10|
|1.||"Act Naturally" (Johnny Russell, Voni Morrison)||Starr||2:29|
|2.||"It's Only Love"||Lennon||1:54|
|3.||"You Like Me Too Much" (George Harrison)||Harrison||2:35|
|4.||"Tell Me What You See"||McCartney and Lennon||2:36|
|5.||"I've Just Seen a Face"||McCartney||2:04|
|7.||"Dizzy Miss Lizzy" (Larry Williams)||Lennon||2:53|
|Soundtrack album by The Beatles and Ken Thorne|
|Released||13 August 196529|
|Recorded||15–19 February, 13 April, 10 May & 14–17 June 1965,
EMI Studios, London
|Producer||George Martin, Dave Dexter, Jr.30|
|The Beatles North American chronology|
|Singles from Help!|
The North American version, the band's eighth Capitol Records album and tenth overall, includes the songs in the film plus selections from the orchestral score composed by Ken Thorne and performed by the George Martin Orchestra,citation needed which contains one of the first uses of the Indian sitar on a rock/pop album. "Ticket to Ride" is the only song on the American release in duophonic stereo (also known as "fake stereo") reprocessed from the mono mix. This album is available on CD as part of The Capitol Albums, Volume 2 box set. This set also includes the mono version of the American release, which is purely a stereo-to-mono fold-down mix, including the "fake stereo" duophonic "Ticket To Ride" folded down to mono, despite Capitol already having the mono mixes for the single releases of both that song and "Help!". A second CD release of this album, which contained the seven songs in true mono was issued in 2014 individually and part of the Beatles The U.S. Albums boxed set.
The American version of "Help!" reached the number one spot on the Billboard album charts for nine weeks starting on 11 September 1965.
All songs written and composed by Lennon–McCartney, except where noted.
|1.||"Help!" (preceded by an uncredited instrumental intro based on "The James Bond Theme")||Lennon||2:39|
|2.||"The Night Before"||McCartney||2:36|
|3.||"From Me to You Fantasy" (Lennon–McCartney; arranged by Thorne)||instrumental||2:08|
|4.||"You've Got to Hide Your Love Away"||Lennon||2:12|
|5.||"I Need You" (Harrison)||Harrison||2:31|
|6.||"In the Tyrol" (Ken Thorne)||instrumental||2:26|
|2.||"Another Hard Day's Night" (Lennon–McCartney; arranged by Thorne)||instrumental||2:31|
|3.||"Ticket to Ride"||Lennon with McCartney||3:07|
|4.||"Medley: The Bitter End (Ken Thorne)/You Can't Do That" (Lennon–McCartney; arranged by Thorne)||instrumental||2:26|
|5.||"You're Going to Lose That Girl"||Lennon||2:19|
|6.||"The Chase" (Ken Thorne)||instrumental||2:31|
|UK Albums Chart31||1965||1|
|Billboard 200 Pop Albums|
|Australian Albums Chart|
|Australian Albums Chart||1966|
BPI certification awarded only for sales since 1994.34
- John Lennon – lead, harmony and background vocals; acoustic (six and twelve-string) and rhythm guitars; electric piano
- Paul McCartney – lead, harmony and background vocals; lead, acoustic and bass guitars; keyboards (acoustic and electric pianos); güiro
- George Harrison – lead, harmony and background vocals; acoustic, rhythm and lead guitars
- Ringo Starr – drums, handclaps and assorted percussion (tambourine, maracas, cowbell, bongos, claves and brushed snare); lead vocals (on "Act Naturally")
- Additional musicians
- George Martin – piano and producer
- John Scott – flutes on "You've Got to Hide Your Love Away"
- String quartet on "Yesterday", arranged by Martin in association with McCartney
|United Kingdom||6 August 1965||Parlophone||mono LP||PMC 1255|
|stereo LP||PCS 3071|
|United States||13 August 1965||Capitol||mono LP||MAS 2386|
|stereo LP||SMAS 2386|
|Worldwide reissue||15 April 1987||Apple, Parlophone, EMI||Compact Disc||CDP 7 46439 2|
|United States||21 July 1987||Capitol||stereo LP||CLJ 46439|
|Japan||11 March 1998||Toshiba-EMI||CD||TOCP 51115|
|Japan||21 January 2004||Toshiba-EMI||Remastered LP||TOJP 60135|
|Worldwide reissue||11 April 2006||Apple/Capitol/EMI||CD reissue of US LP||CDP 0946 3 57500 2 7|
|Worldwide reissue||9 September 2009||Apple/Capitol/EMI||CD stereo remaster||CDP 0946 3 82415 2 2|
- World - Volume 2 - Page 61, 1973. "[on Help! and A Hard Day's Night], the soundtrack-gone-rock album is a marketing ideal that is passed off on the buying public with objectionable regularity and has already begun to backfire."
- Spignesi, Stephen J.; Lewis, Michael (10 October 2009). 100 Best Beatles Songs: A Passionate Fan's Guide. Black Dog & Leventhal. p. 140. ISBN 1-60376-265-5. "In the mid-sixties, the Beatles were experimenting with sounds and styles, and Rubber Soul was the album on which they manifested a more serious musicality after the unabashed more-or-less traditional pop rock of A Hard Days Night and Help!."
- Unterberger, Richie (2002). Turn! Turn! Turn!: The '60s Folk-Rock Revolution. San Francisco: Backbeat Books. p. 272. ISBN 087930703X.
- Allmusic review
- Klosterman, Chuck (8 September 2009). "Chuck Klosterman Repeats The Beatles". The A.V. Club (Chicago). Archived from the original on 26 May 2013. Retrieved 26 May 2013.
- Blender reviewdead link
- McCormick, Neil (7 September 2009). "The Beatles - Help!, review". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- Larkin, Colin (2006). Encyclopedia of Popular Music 1. Muze. p. 489. ISBN 0-19-531373-9.
- "The Beatles: The Long and Winding Repertiore". Paste. Retrieved 5 January 2013.
- "Pitchfork Media review". Pitchfork Media. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
- "The Beatles | Album Guide". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Marsh, Dave; Swenson, John (Editors). The Rolling Stone Record Guide, 1st edition, Random House/Rolling Stone Press, 1979, p. 27.
- "Most Recorded Song". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on 10 September 2006.
- "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: the Beatles, 'Help'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 31 July 2012.
- "Beatles albums finally go platinum". BBC News. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- Unterberger 2009.
- Beatles Interview Database 2009.
- "Playboy Interview: John Lennon And Yoko Ono". Recmusicbeatles.com. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- "Help! by The Beatles". Songfacts.com. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- "John Lennon- Help! (Piano Demo)". YouTube. 9 December 2007. Retrieved 23 October 2011.
- Lewisohn 1988, pp. 55,60.
- Lewisohn 1988, pp. 56-57.
- Sheff 2000, p. 196.
- Freeman, p. 62.
- Spizer, Bruce (2000). The Beatles' Story on Capitol Records - Part Two: The Albums. 498 Productions. pp. 88, 93.
- Kozinn 1987.
- "Rubber Soul CD - Canadian Pressing Featuring Original UK Mixes?". Steve Hoffman Music Forums. 9 April 2006. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- Apple Records 2009.
- Stannard 1982, p. 141.
- Ruhlmann 2009.
- "Chart Stats - The Beatles - Help!". chartstats.com. Retrieved 3 June 2011.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "British album certifications – The Beatles – Help". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 15 September 2013. Enter Help in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- "Beatles albums finally go platinum". British Phonographic Industry (BBC News). 2 September 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
- "Canadian album certifications – The Beatles – Help". Music Canada. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "American album certifications – Beatles, The – Help!". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 15 September 2013. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Lewisohn 1988.
- Lewisohn 1996.
- Pollack 2009.
- Help! (CD liner notes). Apple Records. 2009.
- "'Help'". Beatles Interview Database. 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- Freeman, Robert. The Beatles: A Private View. NY: Barnes & Noble. ISBN 1-59226-176-0.
- Kozinn, Allan (8 March 1987). "Interview with George Martin". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 November 2009.
- Lewisohn, Mark (1988). The Beatles Recording Sessions. New York: Harmony Books. ISBN 0-517-57066-1.
- Lewisohn, Mark (1996). The Complete Beatles Chronicle. Chancellor Press. ISBN 0-7607-0327-2.
- Pollack, Alan W. (2009). "Notes on ... series". Retrieved 21 November 2009.
- "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. 1 November 2003. Retrieved 19 November 2007.
- Sheff, David (2000). All We Are Saying: The Last Major Interview with John Lennon and Yoko Ono. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-25464-4.
- Stannard, Neville (24 June 1982). Tobler, John, ed. The Long and Winding Road: A History of The Beatles on Record. London: Virgin Books. ISBN 0-907080-46-4.
- Unterberger, Richie (2009). "Review of "I've Just Seen a Face"". AllMusic. Retrieved 21 November 2009.
||This article's use of external links may not follow Wikipedia's policies or guidelines. (May 2013)|
- Help! (the movie) on Internet Movie Database
- The Beatles' comments on each song
- Recording data and notes on mono/stereo mixes and remixes
- Discussion of Canadian CD copies of Help! and Rubber Soul