Henry II of Navarre

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Henry II
Henri d'Albret.jpg
Henry II by an unknown French painter
King of Navarre
Reign 12 February 1517 - 25 May 1555
Predecessor Catherine
Successor Joan III
Spouse Margaret of Angouleme
House House of Albret
Father John III of Navarre
Mother Catherine of Navarre
Born (1503-04-18)18 April 1503
Sangüesa
Died 25 May 1555(1555-05-25) (aged 52)
Hagetmau

Henry II (18 April 1503 – 25 May 1555), nicknamed Sangüesino because he was born at Sangüesa, was the King of Navarre from 1517, although his kingdom had been reduced to a small territory north of the Pyrenees by the Spanish conquest of 1512. Henry succeeded his mother, Queen Catherine, and her husband, King John III (died 1516).

King of Navarre

Coat of arms of Henry II.

After the latest failed reconquest attempt of Navarre in 1516, John III died, followed by Catherine I's demise in her independent dependencies of Béarn (1517). Heir apparent Henry was proclaimed King of Navarre, and was lavishly crowned in Lescar. The title was also claimed by Ferdinand II of Aragon, who had invaded the realm in 1512 and usurped the title, and the claim was continued by his grandson Charles I. Henry II enjoyed the protection of Francis I of France.

After ineffectual conferences at Noyon in 1516 and at Montpellier in 1518, an active effort was made in 1521 to establish him in de facto sovereignty in Pamplona and occupied territory. A French and Navarrese expedition made another attempt at reconquering occupied Navarre, but were ultimately repelled by Charles after the Battle of Noain (June 1521).

Henry in contemporary miniature

In 1525, Henry was taken prisoner at the Battle of Pavia, but he contrived to escape under a guise and in 1526, married Margaret, sister of King Francis I and widow of Charles, Duke of Alençon. By her, he was the father of Joan III of Navarre, and was consequently the grandfather of Henry IV of France. Henry, who had some strong sympathy with the Huguenots, died at Hagetmau on 25 May 1555.

Marriage

In 1526, he married Margaret of Angoulême1 who became known as Marguerite de Navarre (11 April 1492- 21 December 1549) and had issue:

  1. Joan III of Navarre (16 November 1528 – 9 June 1572)
  2. John (7 July 1530 - 25 December 1530)

Ancestors

Henry's ancestors in four generations

 
 
 
 
Jean I of Albret
 
 
Alain I of Albret
 
 
 
 
 
 
Catherine de Rohan
 
 
John III of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
 
William of Châtillon-Limoges
 
 
Françoise of Châtillon-Limoges
 
 
 
 
 
 
Isabelle de la Tour d'Auvergne
 
Henry II of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
Gaston IV, Count of Foix
 
 
Gaston of Foix, Prince of Viana
 
 
 
 
 
 
Eleanor of Navarre
 
 
Catherine I of Navarre
 
 
 
 
 
 
Charles VII of France
 
 
Magdalena of Valois
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marie of Anjou
 


Notes

  1. ^ Patricia Francis Cholakian and Rouben Charles Cholakian, Marguerite de Navarre: Mother of the Renaissance, (Columbia University Press, 2006), xxii.

References

Henry II of Navarre
Born: April 18 1503 Died: May 25 1555
Preceded by
Catherine
King of Navarre
Count of Foix

1517 – 25 May 1555
Succeeded by
Joan III
Preceded by
Catherine
Co-Prince of Andorra
1517 – 25 May 1555
Succeeded by
Joan III

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