Herne, North Rhine-Westphalia
|City subdivisions||4 districts|
|Mayor||Horst Schiereck (SPD)|
|Area||51.41 km2 (19.85 sq mi)|
|Elevation||65 m (213 ft)|
|Population||164,244 (31 December 2011)1|
|- Density||3,195 /km2 (8,274 /sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Licence plate||HER, WAN|
|Area codes||02323, 02325|
Present-day Herne includes the former settlements of Herne, Wanne and Eickel. Farms bearing these names were founded in the 11th and 12th centuries. In 1860 the first coal mine started operation. In the following thirty years the population increased twentyfold. For the first time Herne was called a city. The same process took place in Wanne and Eickel, which merged in 1926 to form the new city of Wanne-Eickel. In 1975 Wanne-Eickel, by then a city with over 70,000 inhabitants, was incorporated into Herne.
- World War II
A fair called Cranger Kirmes is held in the city's Crange district every first week of August. This is the second largest carnival in Germany with an average of around 4,500,000 visitors. Its origins can be traced back to the 15th century, when farmers started trading horses on Saint Lawrence’s Day. That is why the official opening always takes place on the first Friday in August. The horse market tradition is kept up, by arranging a horse show and horse equipment sales at the same place where horses were traded years ago. Today there are about 500 stalls every year covering 111,000 square metres, meaning that it takes a 5 kilometre walk to see the whole fairground. Among other things you can buy sugared almonds and all kinds of other food, visit beer gardens, win prizes in shooting galleries or tombolas, or enjoy traditional and new rides like roundabouts, ghost trains and all sorts of high-tech delights. One of the main attractions is the 60-metre high big wheel that is the largest movable one in the world.
Famous Hernians or Wanne-Eickelians include Jürgen von Manger, Kurt Edelhagen, Jürgen Marcus, Heinz Rühmann, Dr. Heinz Dieter Meyer, Tana Schanzara, Rudolf Witzig, Andrea Jürgens, Dr. Claudia Dollins (Geier), Yıldıray Baştürk, Jan Zweyer, Peavy Wagner, Leonie Saint and Bärbel Beuermann. The composer Ralf Linke lives in Herne.
Herne, Germany is twinned with:
- Hénin-Beaumont, France, since 1954
- Wakefield, England, United Kingdom, since 1956
- Ometepe Island, Nicaragua, since 1988
- Belgorod, Russia, since 1990
- Lutherstadt Eisleben, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, since 1990
- Konin, Poland, since 1991
Media related to Herne at Wikimedia Commons