Hollis, Queens

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Jamaica Avenue and Hollis Avenue.
Residential area at 191st Street and Woodhull Avenue.

Hollis is a middle class neighborhood within the southeastern section of the New York City borough of Queens. A predominantly African American community, the boundaries are considered to be the Far Rockaway Branch of the Long Island Rail Road to the west, Hillside Avenue to the north, Francis Lewis Boulevard to the east (although parts of Queens Village are addressed as Hollis on Jamaica water bills) and Murdock Avenue to the south. Much of this area is considered to be within the St. Albans postal district. Hollis is close to Jamaica and Queens Village, Queens. The neighborhood is part of Queens Community Board 12.1 Hollis is patrolled by the NYPD's 113th Precinct.2

The first European settlers were Dutch homesteaders in the 17th century. A century later, early in the American Revolutionary War, it was the site of part of the Battle of Long Island, a battle in which the rebel Brigadier General Nathaniel Woodhull was captured at a tavern on what is now Jamaica Avenue. Woodhull Avenue in Hollis is named after him.

The area remained rural until 1885, when developers turned 136 acres (55 ha) into houses, and the area is still developed primarily with single-family houses. In 1898, it became a part of New York City with the rest of the borough of Queens. Since the end of the Korean War, the neighborhood has been settled primarily by African-American families. In recent years, the area has seen a large influx of South Asians and West Indians. The area has a majority of working parents with many early childhood schools in Hollis. Hollis is mainly within zip code 11423.

Transportation

Long Island Rail Road service is available at the Hollis station, located at 193rd Street and Woodhull Avenue. The station is served mostly by Hempstead Branch, but also by some Main Line trains. The Q2, Q77, and Q110 bus pass from Jamaica into Hollis and out to Queens Village.

West of Hollis Station is the LIRR's Holban Yard, a freight yard that has been shared with St. Albans for over a century, and has included the Hillside Maintenance Facility since 1991.

The E J Z trains stop nearby at Jamaica Center – Parsons/Archer. The Archer Avenue Lines were supposed to be extended to Hollis as part of a never-completed New York City Subway expansion in 1988.

Education

The New York City Department of Education operates public schools.

Notable residents

Since the beginning of hip-hop, the neighborhood has been a hotbed of talent, sparked primarily by the fact that hip-hop producer and icon Russell Simmons is from this community, as is his brother Joseph, who along with two other neighborhood residents, formed the rap group Run-D.M.C. (who had a hit with the seasonal song "Christmas in Hollis").

Other notable residents include:

Hollis was also home to many notable jazz musicians, especially from the 1930s and 1940s on, according to local resident and jazz historian Phil Schaap.5

References

  1. ^ Queens Community Boards, New York City. Accessed September 3, 2007.
  2. ^ 113th Precinct, NYPD.
  3. ^ Jacobs, Andrew (February 14, 1999) "Jazz Artist Jaki Byard Died of Bullet Wound". The New York Times.
  4. ^ Jacobson, Mark. "WorldStar, Baby!" New York Magazine. February 5, 2012. 2. Retrieved on November 2, 2012. Also available at General OneFile.
  5. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1998/09/20/nyregion/where-jazz-put-its-feet-up-many-black-musicians-made-their-homes-in-queens.html?pagewanted=all&src=pm

Coordinates: 40°42′40.29″N 73°45′44.95″W / 40.7111917°N 73.7624861°W / 40.7111917; -73.7624861








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