House of Petrović-Njegoš
|House of Petrović-Njegoš|
|Founder||Danilo I Petrović-Njegoš|
|Final ruler||Nicholas I|
|Current head||Nicholas II|
|Deposition||26 November 1918|
The House of Petrović-Njegoš (Serbian Cyrillic: Петровић-Његош) was the ruling family of Montenegro from 1696 to 1918. Montenegro had enjoyed de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire from 1711 but only received formal international recognition as an independent principality in 1878.
Montenegro was ruled from inception by Vladikas, Prince-Bishops, who had a dual temporal and spiritual role. In 1852 this role was amended to be a purely temporal office. In 1910 the ruling prince Nikola I announced his elevation to King. In 1916 King Nikola I was ousted by the invasion and occupation of his country by Austria-Hungary that was followed by his formal deposition by the Podgorica Assembly in 1918 as Montenegro was annexed by the emergent Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
A period of eighty years of control from Belgrade followed during which Nikola I died in exile in France in 1921 followed shorty afterwards by the surprise abdication of his son and heir, Danilo III, the same year. The latter's nephew, Michael Petrović-Njegoš, inherited the titles of his predecessors whilst in exile in France and survived arrest and internment by order of Adolf Hitler for refusing to head up a puppet Montenegrin state aligned to the Axis Powers. Later, he served the Yugoslav Communist regime as Head of Protocol. He was succeeded by his son Nicholas Petrović-Njegoš in 1986. Nicholas returned to Montenegro to support the Montenegrin independence movement that went on to achieve full sovereignty for the Republic of Montenegro in 2006 referendum.
In 2011 Montenegro recognized an official role for the Royal House of Petrović-Njegoš in Montenegro: to promote Montenegrin identity, culture and traditions through cultural, humanitarian and other non-political activities, which has been interepted as a "creeping restoration" of the monarchy.1
The present head of the house is Nicholas II of Montenegro.
- 1 History
- 2 Heads of the House of Petrović-Njegoš (1696–Present)
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
"Bogut" or "Boguta", is believed to be the oldest known ancestor of the Petrovic-Njegoš.2 Bogut was an alive at the time of the Battle of Velbazhd (1330) and the building of Visoki Dečani,3 and perhaps into the 1340s.2 According to tradition, and recorded by some historians, the ancestors of the Petrović family settled in Muževice at the end of the 14th century, from the Bosnia region, from the area of Zenica or Travnik.4 It is possible that Bogut at that time had moved to Drobnjaci with his son, Đurađ.5 Đurađ or some of his sons were in the entourage of Marko Drago, an affluent Serbian nobleman who had served Serbian lord Vuk Branković (1345-1397), and as such they are believed to have also served the Branković family.6 Đurađ and his five sons "from Drobnjaci" are mentioned in a document dating March 1, 1399,5 in which they gave several items to the depository of Dapko Vasilijev, an affluent Kotoran nobleman.7
- Prince-Bishop Danilo I Šćepčev Petrović-Njegoš (1696–1735)
- Prince-Bishop Sava II Petrović-Njegoš (1735–1781)
- Prince-Bishop Vasilije III Petrović-Njegoš (joint ruler with Sava II (1750–1766)
- Prince-Bishop Petar I Petrović-Njegoš (Saint Peter of Cetinje, Sveti Petar Cetinjski) (1782–1830)
- Prince-Bishop Petar II Petrović-Njegoš (1830–1851)
- Prince-Bishop Danilo II Petrović-Njegoš (1851–1852) - became Prince in 1852 as Danilo I.
- Danilo I, Prince of Montenegro (1852–1860)
- Nikola I, Prince of Montenegro (1860–1910) - became King in 1910.
- King Nicholas I of Montenegro (1910–1918)
- King Nicholas I of Montenegro (1918–1921)
- Danilo, Crown Prince of Montenegro (1921)
- Michael, Prince of Montenegro (1921–1986)
- Nicholas, Prince of Montenegro, styled Crown Prince Nicholas II of Montenegro (1986–Present, current Pretender to the Throne)
- Zakon o statusu potomaka dinastije Petrović Njegoš
- Etnografski muzej Cetinje 1963, p. 75
- Reljić 1976, p. 30
- Miljanić 1989,
Odakle su preci Petrovića doselili u Muževice i u koje vrijeme nije dovoljno rasvijetljeno. Prema tradiciji, a i zapisima nekih istoričara, doselili su iz Bosne, iz okoline Zenice, ili Travnika i da su u Drobnjake doselili, kako navodi Kovijanić, krajem 14. vijeka.
- Srpsko istorijsko-kulturno društvo "Njegoš" u Americi 1983, p. 73
- Etnografski muzej Cetinje 1963, p. 70
- Miljanić 1989,
Kovijanić je u kotorskom sudsko-notarskim spisima pronašao i prepisao sljedeće: Od Đurđa Bogutovića iz Drobnjaka i njegovih sinova Vukca, Radina, Heraka, Pribila i Ostoje primio je 1. marta 1399. godine Dapko Vasilijev, ugledni i imućni kotorski vlastelin u depozit ove stvari: šest srebrnih pojaseva, zavijenih u šest marama, težine 19 i po funti, dvije tacne sa izvjesnim srebrnim pucadima, težine pet unči, takođe dvije kutije perla sa svitom i sa četiri puceta perla, težine u svemu 10 unči
- Etnografski muzej Cetinje (1963). Glasnik: Bulletin. pp. 69–75.
- Srpsko istorijsko-kulturno društvo "Njegoš" u Americi (1983). Glasnik Srpskog istorijsko-kulturnog društva "Njegoš".
- Reljić, Ljubomir (1976). Jovan Erdeljanović: život i delo : Temelji naučne tradicije naše etnologije. p. 30.
- Vojislav Miljanić (1989). "Detalji iz života predaka Petrovića-Njegoša za vrijeme boravka ispod planine Njegoš". Istorijski zapisi br 3-4, 1989.
- Историски записи. 1989.
- Nikola and Milena, King and Queen of the Black Mountain
- The Rise and Fall of Montenegro's Royal Family by Marco Houston
- The Njegoskij Fund Public Project Private family archives-based digital documentary fund, focused on history and culture of Royal Montenegro
- Official website of the Royal House of Montenegro
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