|Molar mass||129.6158 g mol−1|
|Density||3.310 g/cm3, gas
2.57 g/cm3 (-20 °C, liquid)
−49 °C (224 K) ( 1
−2.2 °C (271.8 K)(unstable above -2 °C)
|Solubility in water||0.70 g/100 mL|
|Std enthalpy of
|Related compounds||telluric acid
| (what is: / ?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Hydrogen telluride (tellurane) is the inorganic compound with the formula H2Te. The simplest hydride of tellurium, it is rarely encountered because it decomposes rapidly to the constituent elements. However, the gas can exist at very low concentrations long enough to be readily detected by the odour of rotting garlic or rotting leeks. Most compounds with Te-H bonds (tellurols) are unstable with respect to loss of H2. H2Te is chemically and structurally similar to hydrogen selenide, both are acidic. The H-Te-H angle is about 90°. Volatile tellurium compounds often have unpleasant odours, reminiscent of decayed leeks or garlic.2
H2Te is prepared by the acidification of salts of Te2−, such as Al2Te3 and Na2Te.3 Na2Te can be generated by the reaction of Na and Te in anhydrous ammonia. The intermediate in the acidification, HTe−
, is a stable anion. Sodium hydrogen telluride, NaHTe, can be made by reducing tellurium with NaBH
- Al2Te3 + 6 H2O → 2 Al(OH)3 + 3 H2Te
Magnesium and alkali metal tellurides can also be hydrolyzed. Usually these procedures require acid since the H2Te is rather acidic. Electrolytic methods have been developed.5
- 2 H
2Te + O
2 → 2 H
2O + 2 Te
- Lide, David R., ed. (2006). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (87th ed.). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0487-3.
- Greenwood, N. N.; & Earnshaw, A. (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd Edn.), Oxford:Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 0-7506-3365-4.
- Nicola Petragnani; Hélio A. Stefani (2007). Tellurium in organic synthesis. Best synthetic methods (2nd ed.). Academic Press. p. 6. ISBN 0-08-045310-4.
- Shriver, Atkins. Inorganic Chemistry, Fifth Edition. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York, 2010; pp 407.
- F. Fehér, "Hydrogen Telluride" in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 1. pp. 438.
- Egon Wiberg; Arnold Frederick Holleman (2001). Nils Wiberg, ed. Inorganic chemistry. Academic Press. p. 589. ISBN 0-12-352651-5. Unknown parameter
- Henry Enfield Roscoe; Carl Schorlemmer (1878). A treatise on chemistry 1. Appleton. pp. 367–368.