ICC World Twenty20
|ICC World Twenty20|
The logo of 2014 ICC World Twenty20
|Administrator||International Cricket Council|
|Tournament format||Round robin, followed by Super 8, and conclusion with the Semi Final and Final|
|Number of teams||12|
|Current champion||West Indies (1st title)|
|Most runs||Mahela Jayawardene (858)|
|Most wickets||Lasith Malinga (33)|
|2014 ICC World Twenty20|
The ICC World Twenty20 (also referred to as the ICC World T20 or the T20 World Cup) is the international championship of Twenty20 cricket. Organised by cricket's governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), the tournament consists of 12 teams, comprising all ten ICC full members and two other ICC members chosen through the ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier. The event is generally held every two years, and all matches are accorded Twenty20 International status.
The inaugural event, the 2007 ICC World Twenty20, was staged in South Africa from 11–24 September 2007. The tournament was won by India, who became the first World T20 Champions after defeating Pakistan by 5 runs in the final at the Wanderers Stadium in Johannesburg. The second event, the 2009 ICC World Twenty20 took place in England from 5–21 June 2009. This tournament was won by the previous runners-up Pakistan who defeated Sri Lanka by 8 wickets in the final at Lord's, London.12 The third tournament, the 2010 ICC World Twenty20 was held from 30 April–16 May 2010 and hosted by the West Indies. The winners were England who defeated Australia by 7 wickets in the final at Kensington Oval, Barbados. This was the first ever ICC tournament won by England. The fourth tournament, the 2012 ICC World Twenty20, was held from 18 September to 7 October 2012 and was hosted by Sri Lanka. The winners were West Indies who defeated Sri Lanka by 36 runs, their first appearance in a World cricket final since 1983 and their first victory since 1979.3
Within each group (both Group Stage & Super Eight Stage), teams are ranked against each other based on the following criteria:4
- Higher number of points
- If equal, higher number of wins
- If still equal, higher net run rate
- If still equal, lower bowling strike rate
- If still equal, result of head to head meeting.
In case of a tie (that is, both teams scoring the same number of runs at the end of their respective innings), a Super Over would decide the winner. In the case of a tie occurring again in the Super Over, the match is won by the team that has scored the most sixes in their innings. This is applicable in all stages of the tournament, having been implemented during the 2009 tournament. During the 2007 tournament, a bowl-out was used to decide the loser of tied matches.5
All Test-playing nations achieve automatic qualification to the tournament, with the remaining places filled by other ICC members through a qualification tournament. Qualification for the 2007 ICC World Twenty20 came from the results of the first cycle of the World Cricket League, a 50-over league for non-Test playing nations. The two finalists of the Division One tournament (Kenya and Scotland) qualified for the inaugural tournament alongside the Test-playing nations. For subsequent tournaments, qualification has been achieved through the World Twenty20 Qualifier, with Afghanistan (2010 and 2012), Ireland (2009, 2010, and 2012), Netherlands (2009), and Scotland (2009) each having qualified through this process.
The International Cricket Council's executive committee votes for the hosts of the tournament after examining bids from the nations which have expressed an interest in holding the event. After South Africa in 2007, England, West Indies and Sri Lanka hosted the tournament in 2009, 2010 and 2012 respectively. The next tournament will be hosted by Bangladesh in 2014.6 The ICC decided that South Africa and England should host the first two tournaments as they were the earliest adopters of the format.7 India will host the 2016 tournament.8
|Year||Host Nation(s)||Final Venue||Final|
|South Africa||Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg, South Africa|| India
157/5 (20 overs)
|India won by 5 runs
152 all out (19.4 overs)
|England||Lord's, London, England|| Pakistan
139/2 (18.4 overs)
|Pakistan won by 8 wickets
| Sri Lanka
138/6 (20 overs)
|West Indies||Kensington Oval, Barbados|| England
148/3 (17 overs)
|England won by 7 wickets
147/6 (20 overs)
|Sri Lanka||R Premadasa Stadium, Colombo, Sri Lanka|| West Indies
137/6 (20 overs)
|West Indies won by 36 runs
| Sri Lanka
101 all out (18.4 overs)
||This section possibly contains original research. (August 2013)|
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2013)|
|Bangladesh||4||2007||2012||Super 8 (2007)||11||1||10||0||0||9.09|
|Ireland||3||2009||2012||Super 8 (2009)||9||1||6||0||2||11.11|
|Kenya||1||2007||2007||Group Stage (2007)||2||0||2||0||0||0.00|
|Netherlands||1||2009||2009||Group Stage (2009)||2||1||1||0||0||50.00|
|New Zealand||4||2007||2012||Semi Final (2007)||21||9||10||2(0)||0||47.62|
|Scotland||2||2007||2009||Group Stage (2007)||4||0||3||0||1||0.00|
|South Africa||4||2007||2012||Semi Final (2009)||21||13||8||0||0||61.90|
|Sri Lanka||4||2007||2012||Runners-Up (2009, 2012)||25||16||8||1(1)||0||66.00|
|West Indies||4||2007||2012||Champions (2012)||20||9||9||1(1)||1||47.50|
|Zimbabwe||3||2007||2012||Group Stage (2007)||6||1||5||0||0||16.67|
The table below provides an overview of the performances of teams in the ICC World Twenty20.
|India||CHAMPIONS||Super 8||Super 8||Super 8||Q|
|West Indies||GS||SF||Super 8||CHAMPIONS||Q|
|England||Super 8||Super 8||CHAMPIONS||Super 8||Q|
|Sri Lanka||Super 8||Finalist||SF||Finalist||Q|
|New Zealand||SF||Super 8||Super 8||Super 8||Q|
|South Africa||Super 8||SF||Super 8||Super 8||Q|
|United Arab Emirates||-||-||-||-||Q|
- Miller, Andrew (4 June 2009). "Bringing the monster back home". CricInfo. ESPN. Retrieved 5 June 2009.
- Ahmed, Waqas (4 June 2012). "Malinga Hattrick". T20Cric. Waqas. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- "Samuels special the spur for epic West Indies win". Wisden India. 7 October 2012.
- Final WorldTwenty20 Playing conditions, ICC World Twenty20, retrieved 12 September 2007
- Playing conditions, ICC World Twenty20, retrieved 12 September 2008
- Bangladesh to host World Twenty20 2014 Cricinfo, retrieved 1 July 2010
- "ICC events". Cricinfo. Retrieved 2006.
- "For next five years, all T20 action in subcontinent". The Times of India. 18 March 2011.