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Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting, or IRIB, (Persian: صدا و سيمای جمهوری اسلامی ايران, Sedā va Sima-ye Jomhūrī-ye Eslāmī-ye Īrān literally Voice (or Sound) and Vision of the Islamic Republic of Iran), formerly called the National Iranian Radio and Television until the Islamic revolution of 1979, is a giant Iranian corporation in control of radio and television which is among the largest media organizations in Asia and Pacific region, and a regular member of Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union.
IRIB's place in Iran's civil code
According to Article 175 of the Iranian constitution,
- The freedom of expression and dissemination of thoughts in the Radio and Television of the Islamic Republic of Iran must be guaranteed in keeping with the Islamic criteria and the best interests of the country.
- The appointment and dismissal of the head of the Radio and Television of the Islamic Republic of Iran rests with the Leader. A council consisting of two representatives each of the President, the head of the judiciary branch, and the Islamic Consultative Assembly, the Iranian parliament shall supervise the functioning of this organization.
- The policies and the manner of managing the organization and its supervision will be determined by law.
Prior to the 1979 Iranian Revolution, IRIB was known as National Iranian Radio & Television (NIRT).1
The constitution further specifies that the director of the organization is chosen directly by the Supreme Leader for five years, and the head of the judiciary branch, the president, the Islamic Consultative Assembly oversee the organization.2 The first director after 1979 Revolution was Sadeq Qotbzadeh. The current director is Ezzatollah Zarghami. The previous directors included Ali Larijani and Mohammad Hashemi Rafsanjani. Sima Festival is the biggest and most important TV productions contest sponsoring annually by IRIB organization. Winners are the best producers, directors, actors and directors in various categories honored by organization's head and receive valuable prizes.
In march 24,2012 IRIB Director Zarghami was added to the European Union sanctions list. According to the EU IRIB has broadcast forced confessions of detainees and a series of "show trials" in August 2009 and December 2011. These constitute a clear violation of international provisions on fair trial and the right to due process.3
Facts about IRIB
- IRIB has branches in 45 countries worldwide, including France, Belgium, Malaysia, UK, the United States, and broadcasts in more than 30 languages.
- IRIB broadcasts 8 national television channels, 4 international news television channel, six satellite television channels for international viewers, and 30 provincial television channel all around Iran. Fifty percent of those 30 provincial channels use the local accent or dialect. The IRIB provides twelve major radio stations as well, and an international service. IRIB has 27 world service channels.4
- IRIB also has Arabic, English and Spanish channels.
- IRIB produces 5000 hours of TV shows, 300 movies and 20,000 minutes of animated movies, annually.5
Major IRIB radio stations
Coordinates: 35°47′4.22″N 51°24′43.78″E / 35.7845056°N 51.4121611°E