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Map of Ibero-America as a whole as well as Spain and Portugal

Ibero-America is a term used since the second half of the 19th century to refer collectively to the countries in the Americas that were formerly colonies of Spain or Portugal. Spain and Portugal are themselves included in some definitions, such as that of the Ibero-American Summit and the Organization of Ibero-American States. The Organization of Ibero-American States also includes Equatorial Guinea, in Central Africa,12 but not the other Portuguese-speaking African countries.


The prefix Ibero- refers to the Iberian Peninsula in Europe, consisting of Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and Gibraltar. Ibero-America is formed by all Spanish-speaking and the Portuguese-speaking country of Brazil, but excludes the French-speaking country of Haiti, the French overseas departments of French Guiana, Martinique and Guadeloupe, and the French collectivities of Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy. The exclusion of the French-speaking regions differentiates Ibero-America from Latin America, as well as the inclusion of the European states of the Iberian peninsula if they are included in the definition. The English-speaking countries Antigua & Barbuda, Barbados, Belize, Dominica, Grenada, Guyana, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, and Trinidad and Tobago, as well as Dutch-speaking Suriname are also excluded from Ibero-America. British overseas territories (Anguilla, Bermuda, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Montserrat, and the Turks and Caicos Islands) as well as Dutch possessions (Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao, Saba, Sint Maarten, and Sint Eustatius) in the Caribbean are also excluded from the Ibero-American region.

Since 1991, the Iberoamerican Community of Nations has organized yearly summits, attended by the heads of state and government of the Ibero-American countries, including Spain, Portugal and Andorra.34

Countries and population in Europe and the Americas

  • Spanish-speaking : (Over 400 million speakers)
Argentina Argentina 38,747,000
Bolivia Bolivia 9,182,000
Chile Chile 16,928,000
Colombia Colombia 45,600,000
Costa Rica Costa Rica 4,401,000
Cuba Cuba 11,269,000
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 10,090,000
Ecuador Ecuador 13,228,000
El Salvador El Salvador 6,881,000
Guatemala Guatemala 12,599,000
Honduras Honduras 7,205,000
Mexico Mexico 115,296,000
Nicaragua Nicaragua 5,487,000
Panama Panama 3,232,000
Paraguay Paraguay 6,158,000
Peru Peru 27,968,000
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico 3,726,000
Spain Spain 44,116,000
Uruguay Uruguay 3,463,000
Venezuela Venezuela 26,749,000
  • Portuguese-speaking : (About 212 million speakers)
Brazil Brazil 201,032,714
Portugal Portugal 10,487,289

See also


  1. ^ Presentación, Acerca de la OEI, Organización de Estados Iberoamericanos para la Educación, la Ciencia y la Cultura. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  2. ^ Países, Cumbres Iberoamericanas de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  3. ^ Ibero-American Summit, Foreign Office, Republic of Brazil. Accessed on line October 22, 2007.
  4. ^ pp. 312–313, Spain: Democracy Regained, Ergasto Ramón Arango, Spain: Westview Press. ISBN 0-8133-2915-9.

External links

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