|President of Azerbaijan|
31 October 2003
|Prime Minister||Artur Rasizade|
|Preceded by||Heydar Aliyev|
|Prime Minister of Azerbaijan|
4 August 2003 – 4 November 2003
|Preceded by||Artur Rasizade|
|Succeeded by||Artur Rasizade|
|2nd Chariman of the New Azerbaijan Party|
31 October 2003
|Preceded by||Heydar Aliyev|
|Born||Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev
24 December 1961
Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||New Azerbaijan Party|
|Spouse(s)||Mehriban Aliyeva (née Pashayeva) (m. 1983)|
|Alma mater||Moscow State Institute of International Relations|
Ilham Heydar oglu Aliyev (Azerbaijani: İlham Heydər oğlu Əliyev; born 24 December 1961) is the President of Azerbaijan, since 2003. He also functions as the Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party and the head of the National Olympic Committee. Apart from his native Azerbaijani, he speaks English and Russian.1 Ilham Aliyev is the son of Heydar Aliyev, who was Azerbaijan's president from 1993–2003.
Ilham Aliyev's image remains largely controversial. He has been criticized for his authoritarian rule234 and sometimes described as the head of corruption in Europe by analysts and political commentators.5678910 Aliyev's government has been listed as one of the most corrupt in Europe by Transparency International.1112
In 2009, following his reelection as president, Aliyev passed a referendum which removed the presidential consecutive term limit, thereby allowing him to run for president as many times as he wishes. Opposition claimed this to be a violation of the Azerbaijani constitution and the European convention on human rights.13
Aliyev frequently makes aggressive statements towards neighboring country Armenia. He has called all Armenian people in the entire world the enemies of Azerbaijan,141516 and regularly threatens to take over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh and the entire Armenian Republic through military force.171819 His aggressive comments have led the Civic Chamber of Russia to consider him a contributor to the Independence of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, stating "It's Aliyev who exposes Azerbaijan as an unpredictable aggressor in the eyes of the international community, while glorifying murderers and threatening to cut a writer's ear."20
- 1 Early life
- 2 Political career
- 3 Controversy
- 4 Personal life
- 5 Public image
- 6 Honours and medals
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Aliyev was born in Baku. In 1977, Aliyev entered the Moscow State University of International Relations (MSUIR) and in 1982 continued his education as a postgraduate.1 In 1985 he received a PhD degree in history.1 From 1985–1990 Aliyev lectured at MSUIR.1
||This section of a biography of a living person does not include any references or sources. (January 2012)|
In May or June 1994, Ilham Aliyev was appointed vice-president of the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR). He participated as one of the key figures during the negotiations between Azerbaijani government and Western oil companies during the conclusion of new contracts now known as Contract of the century. The following year Aliyev was elected to the National Assembly of Azerbaijan and later became president of the National Olympic Committee (still incumbent) and head of the Azerbaijan delegation to the Council of Europe. In August 2003, two months prior to the presidential elections, he was appointed prime minister. In October, Heydar Aliyev, suffering failing health, stepped down as president.
The official results of the October 15, 2003, elections gave victory to Ilham Aliyev, who earned 76.84% of the votes. However, the domestic opposition refused to accept the results and staged mass protests. The protests were due to alleged corruption and staging of elections.
The elections received harsh criticism from the international community, with many observers noting that they fell short of international standards and were accompanied by voter intimidation, unequal campaign opportunities for the candidates, and widespread violations of the electoral laws and process. The OSCE International Election Observation Mission noted a number of irregularities in the counting and tabulation.21 Human Rights Watch complained that Aliyev's election campaign had been supported by government resources and that the Central Election Commission and local election commissions had been stacked with its supporters, while local non-governmental organizations had been banned from monitoring the vote.22 According to Freedom House, the opposition failed to appreciate the extent of popularity to which Ilham Aliyev was entitled, in fact, anti-government parties wrongly assumed that, the negative view of Aliyev, which they were so firmly convinced of, would be shared by general public, which did prove to be the mistake.23
Opposition members and human rights activists complain that during Aliyev's presidency the human rights situation has not improved. Opposition mass meetings remained banned or were allowed to be held in remote parts of Baku, thus aiming at demoralizing and making it difficult for supporters of opposition to reach there, and the government has continued to pressure the opposition and independent press. In March 2005 under continued pressure from the international community, especially the Council of Europe, Aliyev released from prison many prominent members of the opposition, arrested during protests against the way the October 2003 election was conducted.
In 2010, WikiLeaks uncovered a diplomatic cable dispatched by the US Embassy in the Republic of Azerbaijan, part of the cache of documents obtained by the WikiLeaks website, that explicitly compared Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev to a mafia crime boss, leaving many to wonder if his government was actually democratic and whether people truthfully believed that Azerbaijan does not repress minority populations.24 A number of groups have also complained to the Commission on Human Rights for the purpose of adopting a resolution, which urges Azerbaijan to guarantee the preservation of the cultural, religious and national identity of the Talysh people in light of repeated claims of repression.25
On March 26, 2005, Aliyev was officially elected as the ruling New Azerbaijan Party chairman. The opposition denounced this as a violation of state laws, because according to the law on political parties, the president should have no party affiliation.
In April 2006, President Aliyev made a state visit to Washington, D.C. It was a remarkably successful trip, at least in terms of image. Speaking at a public forum sponsored by the prestigious Council on Foreign Relations, Aliyev discussed oil, economic development, and democracy with an audience of reporters and others. The visit was capped with a private meeting in the White House with President George W. Bush, who told reporters that their discussion was "really interesting", although he also said the meeting was "candid" – sometimes a code word for "tense". Opposition groups said that an official meeting with President Bush sent an inappropriate signal that the violence and intimidation of the 2005 parliamentary election was now a closed matter.26
Ilham Aliyev was re-elected in 2008 with 87% of the polls, while opposition parties boycotted the elections. In a constitutional referendum in 2009, term limits for the presidency were abolished and freedom of the press was restricted.
The 2010 parliamentary elections produced a Parliament completely loyal to Aliyev: for the first time in Azerbaijani history, not a single candidate from the main opposition Azerbaijan Popular Front or Musavat parties was elected. The Economist subsequently scored Azerbaijan as an authoritarian regime, at 140th place out of 167, in its 201127 Democracy Index.
Repeated protests were staged against Aliyev's rule in 2011, calling for more democracy and the ouster of the government. Aliyev has responded by ordering a security crackdown, using force to crush attempts at revolt in Baku. Officials loyal to the president have dismissed protesters' comparison of Azerbaijan to other countries considered to be part of the same revolutionary wave that has rocked North Africa and Western Asia since December 2010, and Aliyev has rejected the precedent set by leaders in Armenia, Oman, Jordan, and other affected states by refusing to make concessions. Well over 400 Azerbaijanis have been arrested since protests began in March 2011.28 Opposition leaders, including Musavat's Isa Gambar, have vowed to continue demonstrating, although police have encountered little difficulty in stopping protests almost as soon as they begin.29 As president, Aliyev earns a salary of close to $230,000 a year. Amnesty International in its Media Briefing of 2012 reported that the "crackdown on the free speech has intensified in recent years". The report highlighted that "In Azerbaijan, people who exercise this fundamental right [freedom of speech] to criticise President Ilham Aliyev, his family or government, risk being threatened, attacked or imprisoned – whether they do so on- or off-line".30
The presidential elections were held on October 9, 2013. Aliyev won with 85 percent of the vote, securing a third five-year term.31 Most of the international observes found the elections mainly free and fair, but a day before voting began, a smartphone application run by the Central Election Commission showed Aliyev winning the election with 72.76 percent of the vote, suggesting that the election results were prefabricated. Azerbaijani officials claimed the results were those of the 2008 election, yet the candidates listed were from the 2013 ballot.32 Aliyev's main rivals in the election were Jamil Hasanli and Igbal Agazade.
In 2012, Aliyev convinced the government of Hungary to transfer convicted murderer Ramil Safarov to Azerbaijan to complete the rest of his prison term. While attending a NATO-sponsored English-language course in Hungary, Safarov had murdered an Armenian lieutenant who was also taking the course, Gurgen Margaryan, while Margaryan was asleep. Safarov had been tried and sentenced to life imprisonment in Hungary. However, after being extradited to Azerbaijan, Safarov received a hero's welcome; he was promoted to the rank of major, and given an apartment and over eight years of back pay, covering the time he had spent in jail.333435
Aliyev has frequently made controversial statements towards neighboring Armenia, against which Azerbaijan fought the Nagorno-Karabakh War between 1988 and 1994. In 2012, he called the Armenians of the world the main enemies of Azerbaijan.141516 Aliyev has also regularly threatened to take over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh and the entire Republic of Armenian, claiming both to be "our historical lands", through military force.171819
In 2008, Aliyev declared that “Nagorno Karabakh will never be independent; the position is backed by international mediators as well; Armenia has to accept the reality" and that "in 1918, Yerevan was granted to the Armenians. It was a great mistake. The khanate of Iravan was the Azeri territory, the Armenians were guests there."36 However, this statement contridicts the historical fact that Karabakh was a province of the Kingdom of Armenia, first being mentioned in inscriptions from 763–734 BC.37 Also, the Erivan khanate was a part of the Persian Empire, not Azerbaijan. Karabakh was controlled by Azerbaijan for the first time in 1921 under the Soviet Union, when Joseph Stalin granted the majority Armenian-populated region to Azerbaijan, despite promising it to Armenia, to ensure Moscow’s position as power broker.3839
In 2012 the Organized Crime and Corruption Reporting Project (OCCRP) named Ilham Aliyev Person of the Year (a title bestowed for figuring prominently in 2012 on stories on crime and corruption) after "well-documented evidence" revealed that "his family has secret ownership stakes in the country’s largest businesses including bank, construction companies, gold mines and phone companies".40 According to ICIJ latest report, Aliyev's family has been a shareholder of big offshore companies.41 As reported by The Washington Post and Mail Online, Aliyev's two daughters share a property portfolio of about £50 million – across Dubai, Paris and London and Aliyev's 11-year-old son in Dubai owns "nine waterfront mansions" with a total price of "about $44 million – or roughly 10,000 years' worth of salary for the average citizen of Azerbaijan".42434445
- Aliyev's photo is shown in the final frames of Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan (2006) implying misleadingly that he is the president of Borat's fictionalised Kazakhstan.46
- On 22 February 2012, American television channel CNBC aired the documentary Filthy Rich, which explored Aliyev’s family's real estate holdings abroad.495051
- Romania – Order of the Star of Romania (2004) °
- Saudi Arabia – Order of Abdulaziz Al Saud (2005) °
- Georgia – Order of Honor of Georgia °
- France – Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor °
- Poland – Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland °
- Ukraine – First Class of the Order of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (2008) 52
- Kuwait – Order of Mubarak the Great °
- Greece – Gold Medal of the Hellenic Republic °
- Latvia – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Three Stars °
- Romania – Grand Cross of Faithful Service °
- Tajikistan – Order of İsmoili Somoni °
- Turkey – First Class of the Order of State of Republic of Turkey (2013) 53
- Ukraine – Order of Liberty (2013) 54
- International Organizations
- CIS Medal For Distinction in Protection of CIS State Borders and Badge for Strengthening of Border Cooperation (2008) ° 55
- Turkey – İhsan Doğramacı Prize for International Relations for Peace °
- Russia – Prepodobniy Sergiy Rodonejskiy first degree Order of Russian Orthodox Church °
- International Military Sports Council – Grand Cordon Order of Merit °
- Turkmenistan – Honorary Professor of the Turkmenistan State University named after Makhtumkuli .56
- Belarus – Honorary Professor of the Belarusian State University 57
- Russia – Honorary Professor of Moscow State University (2008)58
- Kazakhstan – Honorary Professor of L.N.Gumilev Eurasian National University59
- Bulgaria – Honorary Professor of University of National and World Economy 59
- United States – Honorary Doctor of Lincoln University 59
- Russia – Honorary Doctor of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations59
- Turkey – Honorary Doctor of Bilkent University 59
- Ukraine – Honorary Doctor of National Academy for Taxes 59
- Romania – Honorary Doctor of Petroleum and Gas University of Ploesti 59
- South Korea – Honorary Doctor of Kyung Hee University 59
- Jordan – Honorary Doctor of University of Jordan59
- Hungary – Honorary Doctor of Corvinus University of Budapest56
- Ukraine – Honorary Doctor of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv 56
- Azerbaijan – Honorary Doctor of the Baku State University °
- Turkey – Honorary Doctor of the Ankara University °
- Turkey – Honorary Doctor of the Çukurova University °
The mark ° shows honours mention on his official website 
- "President Biography". Government of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- "Azerbaijan’s president to run for third term". The Times of Israel. 8 June 2012. Retrieved 10 June 2013. "The 51-year-old Aliyev has been president of the authoritarian, oil-rich Caspian Sea nation since taking over from his ailing father Heydar in October 2003."
- Vincent, Rebecca (19 May 2013). "When the music dies: Azerbaijan one year after Eurovision". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 10 June 2013. "Over the past several years, Azerbaijan has become increasingly authoritarian, as the authorities have used tactics such as harassment, intimidation, blackmail, attack and imprisonment to silence the regime's critics, whether journalists, bloggers, human rights defenders, political activists, or ordinary people taking to the streets in protest."
- McGuinness, Damien (28 May 2013). "Cracking down on dissent in Ilham Aliyev's Azerbaijan". BBC News. Retrieved 10 June 2013. "But according to human rights groups, the charges are trumped up - an authoritarian government's attempt to stamp out any Arab Spring-style uprising, they say."
- Hiatt, Fred (7 February 2011). "Obama needs a freedom agenda he can believe in". Washington Post. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Scahill, Jeremy (2011). Blackwater: The Rise of the World's Most Powerful Mercenary Army. London: Profile Books. p. 238. ISBN 9781847654786. "The board of directors includes senior executives from ExxonMobil, Chevron, Cono- coPhilips, and Coca-Cola, while the trustees include Azerbaijan's dictator, Ilham Aliyev, and top neoconservative Richard Perle."
- Neukirch, Ralf (4 January 2012). "A Dictator's Dream: Azerbaijan Seeks to Burnish Image Ahead of Eurovision". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Martin, Daniel (9 March 2011). "Now Prince Andrew comes under fire for links to ruler of second corrupt former Soviet state". Daily Mail. Retrieved 10 June 2013. "Prince Andrew has developed a 'close friendship' with a billionaire dictator accused of torturing protesters, and lobbied the president of another of the world's 'most corrupt' countries, it has emerged."
- Harris, Mike (7 November 2012). "Why is a crucial conference on internet freedom taking place in a dictatorship?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- Peck, Tom (1 November 2012). "The Prince, the brutal dictator and a friendship he just won't give up". The Independent. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- The Guardian. Corruption index 2012 from Transparency International
- Transparency International. Azerbaijan out of Tune?
- Hasanli, Jamil (8 October 2013). "Azerbaijan must use this election to end the Aliyev dynasty". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
- Adams, William Lee (11 March 2012). "How Armenia and Azerbaijan Wage War Through Eurovision". Time. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- "Armenia pulls out of Azerbaijan-hosted Eurovision show". BBC News. 7 March 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- Marshall, Sung In (10 April 2012). "Of Guns and Glamour, Snipers and Sequins: Eurovision 2012 proves to be more than just song and dance". Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 19 January 2013.
- "Armenian fascism must receive due assessment – Ilham Aliyev". News.az.
- "Aliyev Lays Claim to Yerevan, Praises Safarov". Asbarez.
- "ANCA Calls on White House to Condemn Aliyev’s Anti-Armenian Tirade". The Armenian Weekly.
- "Russia Civic Chamber rep: Aliyev contribution to NKR independence immense". PanArmenian.net.
- "OSCE/ODIHR Election Observation Mission Report".
- "Human Rights Watch Briefing Paper".
- Freedom House. Nations in Transit 2004: Democratisation in East Central Europe. Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, INC.
- "Azerbaijan: WikiLeaks Cable Compares Ilham Aliyev to Movie Mafia Bosses". EurasiaNet.org. 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2011-03-31.
- "Talysh: WS on the Case of the Talysh People". UNPO. 2006-03-12. Retrieved 2011-03-31.
- "ISN Security Watch - Mr Aliyev goes to Washington". isn.ethz.ch.
- McGuinness, Damien (24 April 2011). "Azerbaijan cracks down hard on protests". BBC News. Retrieved 26 April 2011.
- Schwirtz, Michael (4 April 2011). "Opposition in Azerbaijan Vows to Step Up Protests". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL MEDIA BRIEFING. AZERBAIJAN: HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES PLACED UNDER THE E-SPOTLIGHT. 29 October 2012
- "Ax Killer Pardon Reignites Caucasus War Fears in Oil-rich Region". Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Azerbaijan Pardons and Frees Convicted Killer". Retrieved 5 September 2012.
- "Azerbaijani president: Armenians are guests in Yerevan". REGNUM News Agency J. January 17, 2008.
- Strabo. "Geography". 11.14.4.
- Nagorno-Karabakh Searching for a Solution, US Institute for Peace report
- Groups: Azerbaijanian, Centre for Russian Studies
- OCCRP Names Aliyev "Person Of The Year". December 2012
- The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). Offshore companies provide link between corporate mogul and Azerbaijan’s president
- Washington Post. Pricey real estate deals in Dubai raise questions about Azerbaijan's president
- MailOnline. Filthy rich: Britain's favourite dictatorship had so much oil its heiresses bathe in it... but beneath the fabulous wealth of Azerbaijan lurks very murky secrets
- Radio Liberty Azerbaijani President's Daughters Tied To Fast-Rising Telecoms Firm
- "Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan".
- "Azerbaijani president included in 500 most influential Muslims of world book".
- "Президент Азербайджана вошел в книгу 500 самых влиятельных мусульман мира" (in Russian).
- Filthy Rich about Aliyev. Full video
- "Azerbaijan: In Solidarity with Khadija Ismayilova". Human Rights House Foundation. March 16, 2012. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
- Cohn, Scott. "The Filthy Rich". CNBC. Retrieved July 13, 2012.
- Указ Президента України № 458/2008 від 19 травня 2008 року «Про нагородження І. Алієва орденом князя Ярослава Мудрого»(Ukrainian)
- "Official State visit of Azerbaijan (Photo)". Precidency of Republic of Turkey. 12-11-2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
- Указ Президента України № 639/2013 від 18 листопада 2013 року «Про нагородження І.Алієва орденом Свободи»(Ukrainian)
- (Russian)"Ильхам Алиев награжден высшими наградами Совета командующих пограничными войсками СНГ". Regionplus.az. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
- "ПРЕЗИДЕНТ АЗЕРБАЙДЖАНА". Посольство Азербайджанской Республики в Республике Беларусь.
- "Ильхаму Алиеву присвоено звание почетного профессора Белорусского госуниверситета". The First News. 12 ноября 2009.
- "Студенты ФГП приняли участие во встрече с Президентом Азербайджана И.Г. Алиевым". Факультет глобальных процессов МГУ имени М.В. Ломоносова. 2008-02-22.
- Алиев Ильхам Президент Республики Азербайджан. broken link
- Official Azerbaijan president website
- Official YouTube channel of the President of Azerbaijan
- BBC profile: Ilham Aliyev
- Political portrait of Ilham Aliyev
- Speeches, statements, interviews, declarations of the Azerbaijan Republic President Ilham Aliyev
- Ilham Aliyev and oil diplomacy of Azerbaijan
|Prime Minister of Azerbaijan
|President of Azerbaijan
|History||Locations||Political leaders||Military leaders||Foreign involvement|
1 Republic of Armenia's involvement is partial
Military aid to Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh Republic:
Military aid to Azerbaijan: