Inter Milan

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Internazionale
Internazionale.svg
Full name F.C. Internazionale Milano S.p.A.
Nickname(s)
  • I Nerazzurri (The Black and Blues)
  • La Beneamata (The Cherished One)
  • Il Biscione (The Big Grass Snake)
  • Baüscia (Boasters in Lombard language)
Founded 9 March 1908; 106 years ago (1908-03-09)
Ground Giuseppe Meazza
Ground Capacity 80,018
Owner International Sports Capital
President Erick Thohir
Head coach Walter Mazzarri
League Serie A
2012–13 Serie A, 9th
Website Club home page
Home colours
Away colours
Current season

F.C. Internazionale Milano,1 commonly referred to as Internazionale (pronounced [internatt͡sjoˈnaːle]) or simply Inter, and colloquially known as Inter Milan outside of Italy,2 is a professional Italian football club based in Milan, Lombardy. They are the only club to have spent their entire history in the top flight of Italian football, known as Serie A, which started in 1929–1930.

Internazionale have won 30 domestic trophies, including the league 18 times, the Coppa Italia seven times and the Supercoppa Italiana five times. From 2006 to 2010, the club won five successive league titles, equalling the all-time record.3 They have won the Champions League three times: two back-to-back in 1964 and 1965 and then another in 2010, the last completed an unprecedented (for an Italian team) continental treble with the Coppa Italia and the Scudetto.4 The club has also won three UEFA Cups, two Intercontinental Cups and one FIFA Club World Cup.

Inter's home games are played at San Siro, also known as the Stadio Giuseppe Meazza. The stadium, which is shared with rivals Milan, is the largest in Italian football, with a total capacity of 80,018.5 Milan are considered one of their biggest rivals, and matches between the two teams are called Derby della Madonnina, which is one of the most followed derbies in football.6 As of 2010, Inter is the second-most supported team in Italy,7 and the eighth most supported team in Europe.nb 1 The club is one of the most valuable in Italian and world football.10 It was a founding member of the now-defunct G-14 group of Europe's leading football clubs.

History

Foundation and early years (1908–1922)

The club was founded on 9 March 1908 as Football Club Internazionale, following a "schism" from the Milan Cricket and Football Club (44 members). A group of Italians and Swiss (Giorgio Muggiani, a painter who also designed the club's logo; Bossard; Lana; Bertoloni; De Olma; Enrico Hintermann; Arturo Hintermann; Carlo Hintermann; Pietro Dell'Oro; Hugo and Hans Rietmann; Voelkel; Maner; Wipf; and Carlo Ardussi) were unhappy about the domination of Italians in the Milan team, and broke away from them, leading to the creation of Internazionale. The name of the club derives from the wish of its founding members to accept foreign players as well as Italians.

"Questa notte splendida darà i colori al nostro stemma: il nero e l'azzurro sullo sfondo d'oro delle stelle. Si chiamerà Internazionale, perchè noi siamo fratelli del mondo."

—9 March 1908, Milan

"This wonderful night will give us the colours for our crest: black and blue against a backdrop of gold stars. It will be called Internazionale [International], because we are brothers of the world."

—9 March 1908, Milan

The club won its very first Scudetto (championship) in 1910 and its second in 1920. The captain and coach of the first Scudetto was Virgilio Fossati, who was killed in World War I.

After early years (1922–1960)

Giuseppe Meazza made 408 appearances for Inter. He is the all-time top scorer of the club, with 284 goals

In 1922 Inter were in Group B of the CCI First Division and came in last place after picking up only 11 points in the season. Inter remained in the top league after winning two salvation play-offs.

In 1928, during the Fascist era, the club was forced to merge with the Unione Sportiva Milanese and was renamed Società Sportiva Ambrosiana.11 They wore white shirts around this time with a red cross emblazoned on it. This shirt design was inspired by the flag and coat of arms of the city of Milan, which in turn derives from the flag of the patron saint of Milan, St. Ambrose and dates back to the 4th century AD. The new upcoming President Oreste Simonotti decided to change name to Associazione Sportiva Ambrosiana in 1929. However, supporters continued to call the team Inter, and in 1931 new president Pozzani caved to shareholder pressure and changed the name to Associazione Sportiva Ambrosiana-Inter.

Their first Coppa Italia (Italian Cup) was won in 1938–39, led by the great legend Giuseppe Meazza, for whom the San Siro stadium is officially named, and a fifth league championship followed in 1940, despite an injury to Meazza. After the end of World War II the club re-emerged under a name close to their original one—FC Internazionale Milano—which they have kept ever since. Following the war, Inter won its sixth championship in 1953 and the seventh in 1954.

Grande Inter (1960–1968)

The Inter team which won the Intercontinental Cup in 1965

In 1960, Helenio Herrera joined Internazionale from Barcelona, bringing with him his midfield general Luis Suárez, who won the European Footballer of the Year in the same year for his role in Barcelona's La Liga/Fairs Cup double. He would transform Internazionale into one of the greatest teams in Europe. He modified a 5–3–2 tactic known as the Verrou (door bolt) to include larger flexibility for counterattacks. The Catenaccio system was invented by an Austrian coach named Karl Rappan. Rappan's original system was implemented with 4 fixed defenders, playing a strict man-to-man marking system, plus a playmaker in the middle of the field who plays the ball together with two midfield wings. Herrera would modify it by adding a fifth defenders, the sweeper or libero behind the two centre backs. The sweeper or libero who acted as the free man would deal with any attackers who went through the two centre backs. Internazionale finished 3rd in Serie A his first season, 2nd the next year and first in his 3rd season. And then followed a back-to-back European Cup victory in 1964 and 1965. Herrera earned the title ll Mago, which meant the magician. The code of Herrera's team was the fullbacks Tarcisio Burgnich and Giacinto Facchetti, Armando Picchi the sweeper, Luis Suárez the playmaker, Jair the winger, Mario Corso the left midfielder, and Sandro Mazzola who played the inside-right.

In 1964, Internazionale reached the Final by beating Borussia Dortmund in the semifinal and FK Partizan in the quarterfinal. In the Final, they met Real Madrid, a team that had reached seven out of the nine finals to date. Real Madrid consisted of the aging stars of the 1950s and a few emerging players that won the European Cup in 1966. It was Sandro Mazzola who stole the show by scoring two goals in a 3–1 victory.

Internazionale won the Intercontinental Cup against Independiente.

A year later, Inter repeated the feat by beating two-time winner S.L. Benfica in the final held at home. Jair was the lone scorer in 1–0 win.

Internazionale won the Intercontinental Cup against Independiente for the second year in a row.

By 1967, Jair was gone. Luis Suárez was injured and missed the Final. Sandro Mazzola's penalty was not enough to stop Celtic from winning the title.

After Helenio Herrera era (1968–1990)

Following the golden era of the 1960s, Inter managed to win their eleventh league title in 1971 and their twelfth in 1980. Inter were defeated for the second time in five years in the final of the European Cup, going down 0–2 to Johan Cruijff's Ajax Amsterdam in 1972. During the 1970s and the 1980s, Inter also added two to its Coppa Italia tally, in 1977–78 and 1981–82.

Led by the German duo of Andreas Brehme and Lothar Matthäus, and Argentine Ramón Díaz, Inter captured the 1989 Serie A championship. Fellow German Jürgen Klinsmann and the Italian Supercup were added the following season but to little avail as Inter were unable to defend their title.

Dark times (1990–2004)

The 1990s was a period of disappointment. While their great rivals, Milan and Juventus, were achieving success both domestically and in Europe, Inter were left behind, with repeated mediocre results in the domestic league standings, their worst coming in 1993–94 when they finished just 1-point out of the relegation zone. Nevertheless, they achieved some European success with 3 UEFA Cup victories in 1991, 1994 and 1998.

With Massimo Moratti's takeover from Ernesto Pellegrini in 1995 Inter were promised more success with many high profile signings like Ronaldo and Christian Vieri, with Inter twice breaking the world record transfer fee in this period (£19.5 million for Ronaldo from Barcelona in summer 1997 and £31 million for Christian Vieri from Lazio in summer 1999). However, the 1990s remained a decade of disappointment, and is the only decade in Inter's history in which they did not win a single Italian Serie A championship. For Inter fans it was difficult to find who in particular was to blame for the troubled times and this led to some icy relations between them and the president, the managers and even some individual players.

Inter chairman Massimo Moratti later became a target of the fans, especially when he sacked the much-loved coach Luigi Simoni after only a few games into the 1998/99 season, after having just received Italian manager of the year award 1998 the day before Massimo Moratti decided to end his contract. In the 1998–99 season Inter failed to qualify for any European competition for the first time in almost 10 years, finishing in a poor eighth place.

Javier Zanetti has been captain of Inter since August 1999

In the 1999–00 season, Massimo Moratti made some major changes, marking once again some high-profile signings. A major coup for Inter was the appointment of former Juventus manager Marcello Lippi. Moreover, Inter were seen by the majority of the fans and press to have finally put together a winning formula. Other signings included Italian and French legends Angelo Peruzzi and Laurent Blanc together with other former Juventus players Christian Vieri and Vladimir Jugović. Inter were also seen to have an advantage in this season as they had no European "distraction". Once again they failed to win the elusive Scudetto. However they did manage to come close to their first domestic success since 1989 when they reached the Coppa Italia final only to be defeated by Lazio, allowing them to win the Scudetto and domestic cup double.

The following season another disaster struck. Inter impressed in the Supercoppa Italia match against Lazio and took the lead through new signing Robbie Keane and Hakan Şükür—however, they lost 4–3. Overall, though, they were looking good for the season that was about to start. What followed was another embarrassment, as they were eliminated in the preliminary round of the Champions League by Swedish club Helsingborgs IF. Alvaro Recoba was given the opportunity to equal the tie with a last-minute penalty, but Helsingborg goalkeeper Sven Andersson made the save. Inter found themselves back at square one as Marcello Lippi, the manager at the time, was sacked after only a single game of the new season following Inter's first ever Serie A defeat to Reggina. Throughout this period, Inter suffered the mocking of their neighbours Milan; Milan were having success both domestically and in Europe. Also throughout this period suffered endless defeats to Milan including a 6–0 defeat in 2000–01 season. Marco Tardelli, chosen to replace Lippi, failed to improve results, and is remembered by Inter fans as the manager that lost 6–0 the city derby to Milan in the 2000–01 season. Other members of the Inter "family" during this period that suffered were the likes of Christian Vieri and Fabio Cannavaro, both of whom had their restaurants in Milan vandalised after defeats against Milan.

In 2002, not only did Inter manage to make it to the UEFA Cup semi-finals, they were also only 45 minutes away from capturing the Scudetto, when they needed to maintain a one-goal advantage over Lazio at Rome's Stadio Olimpico. This was the last match of the season, and Inter were top of the Serie A table at kick-off. However, a defeat saw Juventus, who were second, or even Roma, in third place, take the title from them. As a result, some Lazio fans were actually openly supporting Inter during this match, as an Inter victory would prevent Lazio's bitter rivals Roma from winning the championship. Inter were 2–1 up after only 24 minutes. Lazio equalised during first half injury time and then scored two more goals in the second half to clinch victory that eventually saw Juventus win the championship after their 2–0 victory away to Udinese.

2002–03 saw Inter take a respectable second place and also managed to make it to the 2002–03 Champions League semi-finals against their bitter rivals Milan. Being tied 1–1 with Milan, Inter lost on the away goals rule. It was another disappointment but they were finally on the right track.

However, once again Massimo Moratti's impatience got the better of him, Hernán Crespo was sold after just one season, and Hector Cuper was fired after only a few games. Alberto Zaccheroni stepped in, a lifelong Inter fan but also the man who was in charge of Lazio's 4–2 victory over Inter in 2002, the fans were sceptical. Zaccheroni brought nothing new to the side, apart from two fantastic wins over Juventus 3–1 in Turin and 3–2 at the San Siro the season was again nothing special. They were embarrassingly eliminated from the UEFA Champions League in the first round finishing 3rd in their group. Furthermore, they only managed to scrape back into the Champions League by finishing in 4th place by only a point over Parma. Inter's only saving grace in 2003–04 was the arrival of Dejan Stanković and Adriano in January 2004, making up for the departures of Clarence Seedorf and Hernán Crespo respectively.

Resurrection and back to back titles (2004–present)

Revival (2004–2008)

Mancini pictured in 2004 as Inter manager

On 1 July 2004, Inter announced on their official website that they had appointed former Lazio boss Roberto Mancini as new head coach. In his first season Inter and Mancini collected 72 points from 18 win, 18 draw and only 2 loses. On 15 June 2005, Inter won the Coppa Italia, defeating Roma in the two-legged final 3–0 on aggregate (1–0 win in Milan and 2–0 win in Rome) and followed that up on 20 August 2005, by winning the Supercoppa Italiana after an extra-time 1–0 victory against original 2004–05 Serie A champions Juventus (before being stripped of this title). This Super Cup win was Inter's first since 1989, coincidentally the same year since Inter last won the Scudetto before 2006. On 11 May 2006, Inter retained their Coppa Italia trophy by once again, defeating Roma with a 4–1 aggregate victory (a 1–1 scoreline in Rome and a 3–1 win at the Giuseppe Meazza, San Siro).

Inter were awarded the 2005–06 Serie A championship as they were the highest placed side in the season's final league table after points were stripped from Juventus and Milan—both sides involved in the match fixing scandal that year. On 14 July 2006, The Italian Federal Appeal Commission found Serie A clubs Juventus, Lazio, Fiorentina, Reggina and Milan guilty of match-fixing and charged the 5 clubs with their respective punishments, (although all charges were later reduced in some capacity). So with the confirmed relegation of Juventus to Serie B (for the first ever time in their history) and the eight-point deduction for city rivals Milan, Inter became favorites to retain their Serie A title for the 2006–07 Serie A season.

During the season, Inter went on a record-breaking run of 17 consecutive victories in Serie A, starting on 25 September 2006 with a 4–1 home victory over Livorno, and ending on 28 February 2007, after a 1–1 draw at home to Udinese. The 5–2 away win at Catania on 25 February 2007 broke the original record of 15 matches held by both Bayern Munich and Real Madrid from the "Big 5" (the top flight leagues in Italy, England, Spain, France and Germany). The run lasted for almost five months and stands among the best in European league football, with just Benfica (29 wins), Celtic (25 wins) and PSV Eindhoven (22 wins) bettering the run. Inter's form dipped a little as they scored 0–0 and 2–2 draws against relegation-battlers Reggina and slumping Palermo (respectively), the latter game featuring a second-half comeback after Palermo went up 2–0 at half-time. They could not keep their invincible form near the end of the season as well, as they lost their first game of the domestic season to Roma in the San Siro 3–1 thanks to two late Roma goals. Inter had enjoyed an unbeaten Serie A run for just under a year.

On 22 April 2007 Inter won their second consecutive scudetto—and first on the field since 1989—when they defeated Siena 2–1 at Stadio Artemio Franchi. Italian World Cup winning defender Marco Materazzi scored both goals in the 18th and 60th minute, with the latter being a penalty.

Inter started the 2007–08 season with the goal of winning both Serie A and UEFA Champions League. The team started well in the league, topping the table from the first round of matches, and also managed to qualify for the Champions League knockout stage; however, a late collapse leading to a 2–0 defeat with 10 men away to Liverpool on 19 February in the Champions League threw into question manager Roberto Mancini's future at Inter, and domestic form took a sharp turn of fortune with the team failing to win in the three following Serie A games (drawing with Sampdoria and major league opponents Roma, before losing away to Napoli, their first domestic defeat of the season). After being eliminated by Liverpool in the Champions League, Mancini then announced his intention to leave his job, only to change his mind the following day.

Following their late collapse leading to a 2–0 loss with 10 men away to Liverpool on 19 February in the Champions League and questions over Mancini's future Inter's domestic form took a sharp turn of fortune with the team failing to win in the three following Serie A games (drawing with Sampdoria and Roma, before losing away to Napoli). Inter had a second run of this kind between 19 and 29 March in which they again went winless through three games (against Genoa, Juventus and Lazio). Like weeks previously, on 4 May 2008 Inter once again had a chance to wrap up their scudetto race; this time against city rivals Milan, but suffered a 2–1 defeat. The following week Inter again had the chance to wrap up their scudetto against Siena in a home match, complete with a festive atmosphere and an expectant crowd. However, Inter again failed to win the Scudetto, losing their lead twice and ultimately earning a 2–2 draw, with Marco Materazzi failing to convert a penalty in the dying embers of the match. The same week Roma scored a 2–1 victory away to Atalanta, thus catapulting the Romans to within just one point of Inter going into the final round of the Championship, despite trailing their Milanese rivals by 11 points earlier on in the season.

On Day 38, the final day of the 2007–08 Serie A season, Inter played Parma away, while Roma travelled to Catania. This week offered an interesting juxtaposition, as both Roma and Inter looked to take the title, whereas Parma and Catania were both fighting for survival. Many scenarios could have played out, however Inter were still favourites due to their superior head to head record with Roma, all Inter needed to do was match Roma's result. The day started with Roma taking an early lead against Catania and for 60 minutes of the final day Roma were top of the league; however, the lead would not hold. Inter, seemingly rejuvenated due to the introduction of Swedish striker Zlatan Ibrahimovic, began to take control of the game. Amidst the pouring rain at the Ennio Tardini stadium in Parma, Ibrahimvoic fired a low shot making it 1–0 in the 62nd minute. Another Ibrahimovic blast sealed the victory, and with it the hope of winning the championship faded away for Roma. Elsewhere, Catania managed to score a late equaliser that granted them the stay in Serie A for the upcoming 2009 season and left Roma three points behind Inter. Inter sealed their 3rd championship in a row and had a late night celebration at the San Siro stadium upon their return to Milan, where they were presented with the Serie A trophy.

Following this win, the club however decided to sack Mancini on 29 May, citing his declarations following the Champions League defeat to Liverpool as the reason.12

Modern history (2008–present)

José Mourinho, winner of the first "treble" in Italian history in the season 2009–2010, with Inter

On 2 June, 2008, Inter announced on their official website that they had appointed former Porto and Chelsea boss José Mourinho as new head coach, with Giuseppe Baresi as his assistant. This made Mourinho the only foreign coach in Italy in the 2008–09 season kick-off.13 Mourinho made only three additions to the squad during the summer transfer window of 2008 in the form of Mancini,14 Sulley Muntari,15 and Ricardo Quaresma.16 Under Mourinho's first season as Inter head coach, the Nerazzurri won an Italian Super Cup and a fourth consecutive title, being, however, also eliminated from the Champions League in the first knockout round for a third consecutive time, losing to Manchester United. In winning the league title for the fourth consecutive time, Inter joined Torino and Juventus as the only teams to do this and the first to accomplish this feat in the last 60 years.

Inter enjoyed more luck in the 2009–10 Champions League, managing to progress to the quarter-finals by eliminating Mourinho's former team, Chelsea, in a 3–1 aggregate win; this was the first time in three years that the Nerazzurri had passed the first knockout round. Inter then progressed to the semi-finals of the tournament by beating CSKA Moscow 2–0 on aggregate, winning both legs. Inter managed to achieve a 3–1 win over incumbent champions Barcelona in the first leg of the semi-final. In the second leg, a resolute Inter lost 1–0 but progressed 3–2 on aggregate to their fifth European Cup/Champions League Final, with Bayern Munich as opponents. They won the match 2–0 thanks to two goals from Diego Milito, and were crowned champions of Europe.17

Inter also won the 2009–10 Serie A title by two points over Roma, and the 2010 Coppa Italia by defeating the same side 1–0 in the final.18

By winning the Scudetto, the Coppa Italia and the Champions League in a single season, Internazionale completed The Treble, becoming the first ever Italian team to achieve the feat. However, their attempt to defend these honours are without José Mourinho, as he agreed a deal to take charge of Spanish club Real Madrid on 28 May 2010.19 Inter appointed Rafael Benítez as new coach after signing a two-year contract on June 2010.

On 21 August 2010, Inter defeated Roma 3–1 and won the 2010 Supercoppa Italiana, the fourth trophy of the year. In December 2010, they claimed the FIFA Club World Cup for the first time after a 3–0 win against TP Mazembe in the final.20 Internazionale completed the Quintuple, becoming the fourth team in the world after Liverpool in 2001, Al-Ahly in 2006 and Barcelona in 2009.

However, after this win, on 23 December 2010, due to his poor performance in Serie A and separated by 13 points from the leader Milan (although Inter played two games less, because of the FIFA Club World Cup appointment), the team announced Rafael Benítez's departure on their website.21 He was replaced by Leonardo the following day.22

On October 15, 2013 Erick Thohir, Rosan Roeslani and Handy Soetedjo all from Indonesia have signed agreement to overtake 70 percent of Inter Milan shares with acquisition value $501 million. Erick Thohir has also shares in D.C. United and Persib Bandung.23

As of 24 May 2013, the head coach of Inter is Walter Mazzarri.24

Colours and badge

S.S. Ambrosiana kit

One of the founders of Inter, a painter named Giorgio Muggiani, was responsible for the design of the first Inter logo in 1908. The first design incorporated the letters 'FCIM' in the center of a series of circles that formed the badge of the club. The basic elements of the design have remained constant even as finer details have been modified over the years. In 1998, the club came out with a brand-new iteration of the club crest, sticking to the original design while adding minor aesthetic updates.

Since its founding in 1908, Inter have worn black and blue stripes. It is rumored that black was chosen to represent night and blue was chosen to represent the sky.25 Aside from a short period during World War II, Inter continued to wear the black and blue stripes, earning them the nickname Nerazzurri.26 For a period of time, however, Inter was forced to abandon their black and blue uniforms. In 1928, Inter's name and philosophy made the ruling Fascist Party uneasy. As a result, during the same year the 20-year-old club was merged with Unione Sportiva Milanese. The new club was named Società Sportiva Ambrosiana after the patron saint of Milan.27 The flag of Milan (the red cross on white background) replaced the traditional black and blue.28 After World War II when the Fascists had fallen from power the club reverted to their original name and colors. In 2008, Inter celebrated their centenary with a red cross on their away shirt. The cross is reminiscent of the flag of their city, and they continue to use the pattern on their third kit.

Animals are often used to represent football clubs in Italy, the grass snake, called Il biscione or Serpente representing Inter. The snake is an important symbol for the city of Milan, appearing often in Milanese heraldry as a coiled viper with a man in its jaws. The symbol is famous for its presence on the coat of arms of the House of Sforza (who ruled over Italy from Milan during the Renaissance period), the city of Milan, the historical Duchy of Milan (a 400-year state of the Holy Roman Empire), and Insubria (a historical region the city of Milan falls within). For the 2010–11 season Inter's away kit featured the serpent.

Stadium

Inter fans at Stadio Giuseppe Meazza

The team's stadium is the 80,018 seat San Siro, officially known as Stadio Giuseppe Meazza after the former player who represented both Milan and Inter. The more commonly used name, San Siro, is the name of the district where it's located. San Siro has been the home of Milan since 1926, when it was privately built by funding from Milan's president at the time, Piero Pirelli. Construction was performed by 120 workers, and took 13 and a half months to complete. The stadium was owned by the club until it was sold to the city council in 1935, and since 1947 it has been shared with Internazionale, when they were accepted as joint tenant.

The first game played at the stadium was on 19 September 1926, when Inter beat Milan 6–3 in a friendly match. Milan played its first league game in San Siro on 19 September 1926, losing 1–2 to Sampierdarenese. From an initial capacity of 35,000 spectators, the stadium has undergone several major renovations, most recently in preparation for the 1990 FIFA World Cup when its capacity was set to 85,700, all covered with a polycarbonate roof. In the summer of 2008, its capacity was reduced to 80,018 to meet the new standards set by UEFA.

Based on the English model for stadiums, San Siro is specifically designed for football matches, as opposed to many multi-purpose stadiums used in Serie A. It is therefore renowned in Italy for its fantastic atmosphere during matches, thanks to the closeness of the stands to the pitch. The frequent use of flares by supporters contributes to the atmosphere but the practice has occasionally caused problems.

Supporters and rivalries

Inter against rivals Milan, known as Derby della Madonnina, in February 2009

Inter is one of the most supported clubs in Italy, according to an August 2007 research by Italian newspaper La Repubblica.29 Historically, the largest section of Inter fans from the city of Milan were the middle-class bourgeoisie Milanese, while Milan fans were typically working-class.26

The traditional ultras group of Inter is Boys San; they hold a significant place in the history of the ultras scene in general due to the fact that they are one of the oldest, being founded in 1969. Politically, the ultras of Inter are usually considered right-wing and they have good relationships with the Lazio ultras. As well as the main group of Boys San, there are four more significant groups: Viking, Irriducibili, Ultras, and Brianza Alcoolica.

Inter's most vocal fans are known to gather in the Curva Nord, or north curve of the Giuseppe Meazza stadium. This longstanding tradition has led to the Curva Nord being synonymous with the club's most die-hard supporters, who unfurl banners and wave flags in support of their team.

Inter have several rivalries, two of which are highly significant in Italian football; firstly, they participate in the inter-city Derby della Madonnina with Milan; the rivalry has existed ever since Inter splintered off from Milan in 1908.26 The name of the derby refers to the Blessed Virgin Mary, whose statue atop the Milan Cathedral is one of the city's main attractions. The match usually creates a lively atmosphere, with numerous (often humorous or offensive) banners unfolded before the match. Flares are commonly present, but they also led to the abandonment of the second leg of the 2004–05 Champions League quarter-final matchup between Milan and Inter on 12 April after a flare thrown from the crowd by an Inter supporter struck Milan keeper Dida on the shoulder.30

The other most significant rivalry is with Juventus; the two participate in the Derby d'Italia. Up until the 2006 Italian football scandal, which saw Juventus relegated, the two were the only Italian clubs to have never played below Serie A. In recent years, post-Calciopoli, Inter have developed a rivalry with Roma, having finished runners-up to Inter in all but one of Inter's five Scudetto winning seasons between 2005 and 2010. The two sides have also contested in 5 Coppa Italia finals and four Supercoppa Italiana finals since 2006. Other clubs, such as Atalanta and Napoli, are also considered amongst their rivals.31

Players

First team squad

As of 30 January 2014.32

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Slovenia GK Samir Handanovič
2 Brazil DF Jonathan
4 Argentina DF Javier Zanetti (Captain)
5 Brazil DF Juan Jesus
6 Italy DF Marco Andreolli
8 Argentina FW Rodrigo Palacio
9 Argentina FW Mauro Icardi
10 Croatia MF Mateo Kovačić
11 Argentina MF Ricky Álvarez
12 Italy GK Luca Castellazzi
13 Colombia MF Fredy Guarín
14 Argentina DF Hugo Campagnaro
16 Belgium MF Gaby Mudingayi
17 Serbia MF Zdravko Kuzmanović
No. Position Player
18 Brazil DF Wallace (on loan from Chelsea)
19 Argentina MF Esteban Cambiasso (Vice-captain)
20 Argentina MF Rubén Botta
21 Algeria MF Saphir Taïder
22 Argentina FW Diego Milito
23 Italy DF Andrea Ranocchia
25 Argentina DF Walter Samuel
30 Argentina GK Juan Pablo Carrizo
33 Italy DF Danilo D'Ambrosio
35 Portugal DF Rolando (on loan from Porto)
55 Japan DF Yuto Nagatomo
77 Kenya MF McDonald Mariga
88 Brazil MF Hernanes

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Italy GK Francesco Bardi (at Livorno)
Slovenia GK Vid Belec (at Olhanense)
Italy GK Raffaele Di Gennaro (at Cittadella)
Italy DF Simone Benedetti (at Padova)
Italy DF Matteo Bianchetti (at Verona, co-owned with Verona)
Italy DF Cristiano Biraghi (at Catania, co-owned with Cittadella)
Italy DF Marco Ferrara (at Pergolettese)
Italy DF Jacopo Galimberti (at Monza)
Senegal DF Ibrahima Mbaye (at Livorno)
Italy DF Simone Pasa (at Padova)
Italy DF Simone Pecorini (at Cittadella, co-owned with Cittadella)
Uruguay DF Álvaro Pereira (at São Paulo until 30 June 2015)
Argentina DF Matías Silvestre (at Milan)
Austria DF Lukas Spendlhofer (at Varese)
Paraguay MF Rodrigo Alborno (at Cittadella)
No. Position Player
Italy MF Marco Benassi (at Livorno)
Brazil MF Daniel Bessa (at Sparta Rotterdam)
Italy MF Lorenzo Crisetig (at Crotone, co-owned with Parma)
Ghana MF Alfred Duncan (at Livorno)
Uruguay MF Diego Laxalt (at Bologna)
Nigeria MF Joel Obi (at Parma)
Denmark MF Patrick Olsen (at Strømsgodset until 31 December 2014)
Italy MF Ezequiel Schelotto (at Parma)
Italy MF Stefano Tonsi (at Novese)
Algeria FW Ishak Belfodil (at Livorno)
Portugal FW Bocar Djumo (at União da Madeira)
Croatia FW Marko Livaja (at Atalanta, co-owned with Atalanta)
Italy FW Samuele Longo (at Rayo Vallecano)
Italy FW Diego Mella (at Pro Patria)

Joining club on 1 June 2014

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Serbia DF Nemanja Vidić (from Manchester United)

Youth team squad

Notable players

One-club men

No. Player Nationality Position Inter debut Last match
1 Piero Campelli  Italy Goalkeeper 30 January 1910 9 November 1924
2 Ermanno Aebi  Italy Forward 10 April 1910 12 November 1922
3 Armando Castellazzi  Italy Midfielder 24 February 1924 8 March 1936
4 Giacinto Facchetti  Italy Left-back 3 May 1961 7 May 1978
5 Sandro Mazzola  Italy Attacking midfielder, inside forward 10 June 1961 8 November 1977
6 Giuseppe Bergomi  Italy Right-back, centre-back 30 January 1980 23 May 1999

Retired numbers

3Italy Giacinto Facchetti, left back, 1960–1978 (posthumous honour). The number was retired on 8 September 2006. The last player to wear the shirt was Argentinian center back Nicolás Burdisso, who took on the number 16 shirt for the rest of the season.33

Technical staff

Walter Mazzarri, the current manager of Inter

As of 11 July 201334

Position Name
Coach Walter Mazzarri
Vice coach Nicolò Frustalupi
Fitness coach Giuseppe Pondrelli
Goalkeeper coach Nunzio Papale
Technical assistant Giuseppe Baresi
Technical assistant Luca Vigiani
Match analyst Michele Salzarulo
Chief of medical staff Franco Combi
Doctor Giorgio Panico
Rehabilitation coach Andrea Scanavino
Rehabilitation coach Maurizio Franchini
Masseur / Physiotherapist Marco Dellacasa
Masseur / Physiotherapist Massimo Dellacasa
Masseur / Physiotherapist Luigi Sessolo
Rehabilitation therapist Andrea Galli
Rehabilitation therapist Alberto Galbiati

Presidents and managers

Presidential history

Below is a list of Inter presidents from 1908 until the present day.35

Managerial history

Below is a list of Inter coaches from 1909 until the present day.36

Honours

Internazionale have won 30 domestic trophies, including the league eighteen times, the Coppa Italia seven and the Supercoppa Italiana five. From 2006 to 2010 the club won five successive league titles, equalling the all-time record.3 They have won the Champions League three times: two back-to-back in 1964 and 1965 and then another in 2010; the last completed an unprecedented Italian treble with the Coppa Italia and the Scudetto.4 The club has also won three UEFA Cups, two Intercontinental Cups and one FIFA Club World Cup.

National titles

Serie A:

Coppa Italia:

Supercoppa Italiana:

International titles

The following titles include only those recognised by UEFA and FIFA.

World-wide titles

Intercontinental Cup:nb 3

Intercontinental Supercup:

  • Runners-up (1): 1968

FIFA Club World Cup:

European titles

European Cup/UEFA Champions League:

UEFA Cup:

UEFA Super Cup:

  • Runners-up (1): 2010

Other

Club statistics and records

Javier Zanetti holds the records for both total appearances and Serie A appearances for Inter, with 838 official games played in total and 600 in Serie A (as of 14 March 2013).37

Giuseppe Meazza is Inter's all-time top goalscorer, scoring 284 goals for the club in 408 games.37 He is followed in second place by Alessandro Altobelli with 209 goals in 466 games, and Roberto Boninsegna in third place, who has scored 171 goals in 281 games.

Helenio Herrera had the longest reign as Internazionale coach, with nine years (eight consecutive) in charge, and is the most successful coach in Inter history with three Scudetti, two European Cups, and two Intercontinental Cup wins. José Mourinho, who was appointed on 2 June 2008, and completed his first season in Italy by winning the Serie A league title and the Supercoppa Italiana, in the second season he won the first "treble" in Italian history, the Serie A league title, Coppa Italia and the UEFA Champions League in the season 2009–2010.

FC Internazionale Milano as a company

FC Internazionale Milano S.p.A.
Revenue Decrease €268,827,275 (2010–11)
Operating income Decrease (€85,712,530) (2010–11)
Net income Decrease (€86,813,786) (2010–11)
Total assets Decrease €455,690,888 (2010–11)
Total equity Decrease (€24,179,237) (2010–11)
Owner(s) Erick Thohir (70.00%)
Pirelli (1.83%)
Massimo Moratti (28.17%)
Parent Internazionale Holding (98.2%)
Subsidiaries Inter Brand (100%)
Inter Futura (100%)
Consorzio San Siro 2000 (joint venture)

According to the Deloitte Football Money League, Inter recorded revenues of €196.5 million (£167.4 million) in the 2008–09 season to rank in 9th place, one behind Juventus in 8th place, and ahead of city rivals Milan in 10th place.38 The club beat their previous season earnings of €172.9 million (£136.9 million),38 and for the first time since The Football Money League's inception, Inter overtook Milan in the rankings.

Revenue percentages were divided up between matchday (14%, €28.2 million), broadcasting (59%, €115.7 million, +7%, +€8 million) and commercial (27%, €52.6 million, +43%, €15.8 million). Kit sponsors Nike and Pirelli contributed €18.1 million and €9.3 million respectively to commercial revenues, while broadcasting revenues were boosted €1.6 million (6%) by Champions League distribution.

For the 2010–11 season, Serie A clubs started negotiating club TV rights collectively rather than individually. This is predicted to result in lower broadcasting revenues for Inter, with smaller clubs gaining from the loss.

Inter's matchday revenues amounted to only €1.1 million per home game, compared to €2.6 million among the top six earners.

Deloitte expressed the idea that issues in Italian football, particularly matchday revenue issues were holding Inter back compared to other European giants, and developing their own stadia would result in Serie A clubs being more competitive on the world stage.39

Inter also has one of the biggest financial "black-holes" among the Italian clubs, which in 2006–07 had a net loss of €206 million40 (€112 million extraordinary basis, due to the change in accounting standard for amortisation of transfer fee, covered by proposed capital increases of €99 million), 2007–08 a net loss of €148,271,266,41 2008–09 a net loss of €154,423,46942 (covered by a proposed capital increase of 70 million),43 later increased to €90 million42 2009–10 €69,045,80442 (covered by a proposed capital increase of €40 million and €30 million during the 2011–12 season)44 It was contributed by the sales of Ibrahimović, the treble and the release clause of coach José Mourinho. The most recent result was a net loss of €86,813,786,45 which already included an extraordinary income of €13 million from RAI. Another re-capitalisation of €40 million was proposed, to cover the negative equity of €24,179,237 on 30 June 2011.45

Kit manufacturers & Shirt sponsors

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt sponsor
1979–1981 Puma
1981/1982 Inno-Hit
1982–1986 Mecsport Misura
1986–1988 Le Coq Sportif
1988–1991 Uhlsport
1991/1992 Umbro FitGar
1992–1995 Fiorucci
1995–1998 Pirelli
1998–2018 Nike

Affiliations

See also

Historical information

Lists

Records and recognitions

Economic rankings

Notes

  1. ^ Ranking of European teams supporters: Barcelona first with 57.8 million, followed by Real Madrid (31.3 million), Manchester United (30.6 million), Chelsea (21.4 million), Bayern Munich (20.7 million) and Milan (18.4 million).89
  2. ^ This title was awarded through the courts following the Calciopoli scandal.
  3. ^ Up until 2004, the main tournament to determine football's World Champions was the Intercontinental Champions Club' Cup (so called European / South American Cup); since then, it has been the FIFA Club World Cup.

References

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  4. ^ a b "Inter join exclusive treble club". uefa.com. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "Struttura". sansiro.net (in Italian). San Siro. Retrieved 4 October 2010. 
  6. ^ "Is this the greatest derby in world sports?". Theroar.com.au. 26 January 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2011. 
  7. ^ "Italia, il paese nel pallone" (PDF). demos.it (in Italian). 24 September 2010. pp. 3, 9–10. Retrieved 20 July 2011. 
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  10. ^ "The World's Most Valuable Soccer Teams". Forbes. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 13 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Storia". FC Internazionale Milano. Retrieved 6 September 2007. 
  12. ^ "F.C. Internazionale statement". FC Internazionale Milano. 29 May 2008. Retrieved 29 May 2008. 
  13. ^ "Nuovo allenatore: Josè Mourinho all'Inter" (in Italian). FC Internazionale Milano. 2 June 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2008. 
  14. ^ "Official: Inter sign Mancini". Goal.com. 20 July 2008. Retrieved 20 July 2008. 
  15. ^ "Official: Inter sign Muntari". Goal.com. 28 July 2008. Retrieved 15 August 2008. 
  16. ^ Adam, Scime (1 September 2008). "Official: Quaresma Joins Inter". Goal.com. Retrieved 1 September 2008. 
  17. ^ "Bayern Munich 0–2 Inter Milan". BBC Sport. 22 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "Jose Mourinho's Treble-chasing Inter Milan win Serie A". BBC Sport. 16 May 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  19. ^ "Mourinho unveiled as boss of Real". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 31 May 2010. 
  20. ^ "TP Mazembe 0–3 Internazionale". ESPN Soccernet. 18 December 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2010. 
  21. ^ "Inter and Benitez separate by mutual agreement". inter.it. 23 December 2010. 
  22. ^ "Welcome Leonardo! Inter's new coach". inter.it. 24 December 2010. 
  23. ^ "Inter Milan Sells 70% Stake To Indonesia's Erick Thohir At $480M Valuation". October 16, 2013. 
  24. ^ http://www.inter.it/en/allenatore/63
  25. ^ "9 marzo 1908, 43 milanisti fondano l'Inter". ViviMilano.it. 24 June 2007. 
  26. ^ a b c "AC Milan vs. Inter Milan". FootballDerbies.com. 25 July 2007. 
  27. ^ "Emeroteca Coni". Emeroteca.coni.it. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  28. ^ "Ambrosiana S.S 1928". Toffs.com. 24 June 2007. 
  29. ^ "Research: Supporters of football clubs in Italy" (in Italian). La Repubblica official website. August 2007. 
  30. ^ "Milan game ended by crowd trouble". BBC. 25 July 2007. 
  31. ^ "INTER : gli Ultras avversari – Rangers 1976 Empoli Ultras". Rangers.it. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  32. ^ http://www.inter.it/en/coversquadra.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  33. ^ "Inter withdraw the number 3 shirt". Inter.it. 8 September 2006. 
  34. ^ "Staff 2013/2014". inter.it. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  35. ^ "i presidenti" (in Italian). inter.it. Retrieved 27 February 2013. 
  36. ^ "coaches". inter.it. 8 March 2013. 
  37. ^ a b "record holders". inter.it. Retrieved 8 March 2013. 
  38. ^ a b "Real Madrid becomes the first sports team in the world to generate €400m in revenues as it tops Deloitte Football Money League". Deloitte.com. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  39. ^ "Spanish Masters Football Money League Real Madrid becomes the first sports team to record revenues in excess of €400m" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  40. ^ "Assemblea dei Soci: approvato il bilancio". FC Internazionale Milano (in Italian) (inter.it). 27 December 2007. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  41. ^ FC Internazionale Milano SpA Report and Accounts on 30 June 2008 (Italian)
  42. ^ a b c "FC Internazionale Milano Spa 2009–10 Bilancio". FC Internazionale Milano (in Italian) (Registro Imprese & C.C.I.A.A.). ca. January 2011. 
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  44. ^ "Assemblea Soci Inter: ricavi, oltre 300 milioni". FC Internazionale Milano (in Italian) (inter.it). 28 October 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  45. ^ a b "Assemblea Soci Inter: approvato il bilancio". FC Internazionale Milano (in Italian) (inter.it). 28 October 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2012. 

External links

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