International Federation of Football History & Statistics
||This article contains embedded lists that may be poorly defined, unverified or indiscriminate. (October 2011)|
|International Federation of Football History & Statistics|
|Official languages||English, French, Spanish, German|
The International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) is an organization that chronicles the history and records of association football.234 It was founded on 27 March 1984 in Leipzig by Dr. Alfredo Pöge with the blessings of general secretary of the FIFA at the time, Dr. Helmut Käser.2 The IFFHS was based at Al-Muroor Street 147, Abu Dhabi for some time but, in 2010, relocated to Bonn, Germany.5
During its early stages, and until 2002, the IFFHS concentrated on publishing the quarterly magazines Fußball-Weltzeitschrift, Libero spezial deutsch and Libero international.6 When these had to be discontinued for reasons which were not officially told, the organization published its material in a series of multi-lingual books in co-operation with sponsors.7 The statistical organization has now confined its publishing activities to its website, receiving support from FIFA,7 organization that recognise the IFFHS and its work47 although the latter has no affiliation with the football's governing body.8
Since 1991, the entity has produced a monthly Club World Ranking.
The ranking takes into consideration the results of twelve months of continental and intercontinental competitions, national league matches (including play-offs) and the most important national cup (excluding points won before the round of 16).
All countries are rated at four levels based upon the national league performance—clubs in the highest level leagues receive 4 points for each match won, 2 for a draw and 0 for a defeat. Level 2 is assigned 3 pts. (win), 1.5 (draw) and 0 (lost), and so on with the next lower levels.
In continental competitions, all clubs receive the same number of points at all stages regardless of the performance level of their leagues. However, the UEFA Champions League and the Copa Libertadores yield more points than UEFA Europa League and Copa Sudamericana, respectively. The point assignment system is still lower for the AFC, CAF, CONCACAF and OFC continental tournaments. Competitions between two continents are evaluated depending upon their importance. Competitions not organized by a continental confederation, or any intercontinental events not recognized by FIFA, are not taken into consideration.
|Competition||Points for a win||Points for a draw|
|National Leagues in Level 4||4.00||2.00|
|National Leagues in Level 3||3.00||1.50|
|National Leagues in Level 2||2.00||1.00|
|National Leagues in Level 1||1.00||0.50|
|Competition||Points for a win||Points for a draw|
|UEFA Champions League||14.0||7.0|
|UEFA Europa League||12.0||6.0|
|CAF Champions League||9.0||4.5|
|AFC Champions League||9.0||4.5|
|CONCACAF Champions League||9.0||4.5|
|OFC Champions League||5.0||2.5|
|FIFA Club World Cup (semi-finals)||14.0||7.0|
|FIFA Club World Cup (final)10||21.0||10.5|
Last updated: 8 January 2014 - Current Standings
The following table shows the clubs that finished top of the ranking for each year since 1991:11
- 1991 - Roma12
- 1992 - Ajax13
- 1993 - Juventus14
- 1994 - Paris Saint-Germain15
- 1995 - Milan16
- 1996 - Juventus17
- 1997 - Barcelona18
- 1998 - Internazionale19
- 1999 - Manchester United20
- 2000 - Real Madrid21
- 2001 - Liverpool22
- 2002 - Real Madrid23
- 2003 - Milan24
- 2004 - Valencia25
- 2005 - Liverpool26
- 2006 - Sevilla27
- 2007 - Sevilla28
- 2008 - Manchester United29
- 2009 - Barcelona30
- 2010 - Internazionale31
- 2011 - Barcelona32
- 2012 - Barcelona
- 2013 - Bayern Munich33
IFFHS recognised these clubs as The World's Club Team of the Year and were awarded with a golden trophy and a certificate during the World Football Gala.11
In 2009, the IFFHS released the results of a statistical study which determined the best continental clubs of the 20th Century.34 The ranking did not consider the performance of the teams in national football tournaments (except in the Oceania's club ranking due to limited editions held under OFC club competitions), the performance in the intercontinental or world-wide club competitions or those submitted in the IFFHS Club World Ranking, available since 1991.35
Based on this statistical study series, the below six clubs were named as "continental clubs of the century" by the IFFHS between 10 September and 13 October 2009. These clubs were awarded with a golden trophy and a certificate during the World Football Gala celebrated at Fulham, London on 11 May 2010.3637
|Central and North America||Saprissa|
The origin and the nature of the IFFHS have been widely criticised due to the fact that the organization was not created by a committee of national bodies linked to football, thus its appellation as "International Federation" has been considered misleading.38 Karl Lennartz, a sports historian and professor at the University of Cologne, Germany, called the organization "obscure", describing it as a one man show of its chairman Alfredo Pöge.39
The IFFHS rankings and their significance have been a matter of criticism and the largest German news agency, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, refuse to publish them.3840 Furthermore, it has been stated that the rankings of the IFFHS are not official and the titles they bear serve merely for publicity.39
- "The History of IFFHS". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- Rafa Jiménez, IFFHS: La calculadora del fútbol. Don Balón (1656), 9/15 julio 2007, p.50
- "¿Qué es la IFFHS?". El Mundo Deportivo. 8 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-20.
- "International Federation of Football History & Statistics". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- A couple of former Weltzeitschrift cover pages can be looked up at
- Rafa Jiménez, IFFHS: La calculadora del fútbol. Don Balón (1656), 9/15 July 2007, p.50 (in Spanish).
- "Does FIFA employ a ranking system for club teams similar to the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking for national teams?". www.fifa.com. 28 March 2003. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- "How the Club World Ranking is made". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 2009-09-23.
- Or Intercontinental Cup from 1991 to 2005.
- "IFFHS The World's Club Team for the Year". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 2009-10-10.
- "1991 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "1992 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "1993 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "1994 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "1995 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "1996 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "1997 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "1998 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "1999 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "2000 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "2001 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "2002 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "2003 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "2004 (Top 25)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "Top 25 (2005)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "Top 25 (2006)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "Top 25 (2007)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "Top 25 (2008)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2009-08-03.
- "Top 25 (2009)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- "Top 25 (2010)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- "Top 25 (2011)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2011-05-09.
- "Top 25 (2013)". IFFHS. Retrieved 2014-01-08.
- "World Honours: The continental Clubs of the Century". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- "Europe's club of the Century". IFFHS official website. Retrieved 2009-09-10.
- "World Football Gala 2010 in London". International Federation of Football History & Statistics. Retrieved 2010-05-11.
- "Real Madrid, mejor club de Europa del Siglo XX (video de la premiación)" (in spanish). Real Madrid Club de Fútbol official website. Retrieved 2010-05-12.
- Ekejiuba, Andrew (1 September 2012). "IFFHS: Nothing to celebrate about NPL!". National Mirror. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- von Eggers, Erik (1 September 2008). "Statistisches Phänomen" (in German). die Tageszeitung. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- Munene, John (12 January 2011). "IFFHS Ranking-Inter Milan the best club of 2010". Michezo Afrika. Retrieved 19 February 2013.