Iraqi National Dialogue Front
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|Iraqi National Dialogue Front
الجبهة العراقية للحوار الوطني
|Seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq|
|Seats in the local governorate councils|
|Politics of Iraq
The Iraqi Front for National Dialogue (Arabic: الجبهة العراقية للحوار الوطني al-Jabha al-Iraqia li al-Hiwar al-Watani) also known as Hiwar is a Sunni Arab-led Iraqi political party. It is currently part of the secular Iraqiyya coalition.
Originally formed to contest the December 2005 elections, it described itself as a non-sectarian coalition that wants to end the presence of foreign troops and to rebuild government institutions.
The main components were initially:
- The Iraqi National Front, led by former Minister of State Saleh al-Mutlaq, who was the chief Sunni Arab negotiator for the constitution
- The National Front for a Free and United Iraq of Hassan Zaydan
- The Iraqi Christian Democratic Party of Minas al-Yusufi
- The Democratic Arab Front of Farhan al-Sudayd
- The Sons of Iraq Movement of Ali al-Suhayri
Mutlaq campaigned against the constitution in the October 2005 referendum, and refused to join the other main Sunni Arab-led list, Iraqi Accord Front because that group's largest component, the Iraqi Islamic Party, had backed the new constitution, which Mutlaq rejected due to it granting federalism and autonomy to different regions, and also because it did not emphasise Iraq's Arab identity.1
Prior to the 2010 Iraqi Elections it joined the secular Iraqiyya coalition and was allocated 16 out of their 91 seats in the Council of Representatives of Iraq, becoming the biggest individual party with a Sunni Arab majority.