Jacksboro, Tennessee

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Jacksboro, Tennessee
Town
Campbell County Courthouse in Jacksboro
Campbell County Courthouse in Jacksboro
Location of Jacksboro, Tennessee
Location of Jacksboro, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°19′53″N 84°11′20″W / 36.33139°N 84.18889°W / 36.33139; -84.18889Coordinates: 36°19′53″N 84°11′20″W / 36.33139°N 84.18889°W / 36.33139; -84.18889
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Campbell
Founded 1806
Incorporated 19671
Named for Andrew Jackson2
Area
 • Total 2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)
 • Land 2.6 sq mi (6.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,099 ft (335 m)
Population (2010)3
 • Total 2,020
 • Density 723.0/sq mi (279.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 37757
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-376004
GNIS feature ID 12891775

Jacksboro is a town in Campbell County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 1,887 at the 2000 census and 2,020 at the 2010 census, showing an increase of 133. It is the county seat of Campbell County.6

History

Jacksboro was founded in 1806 as a permanent county seat for the newly created Campbell County. The initial property for the town square was deeded by Hugh Montgomery, one of the earliest settlers in the area. The town was originally known as Walnut Grove, but was renamed "Jacksonboro" in honor of Andrew Jackson in 1819. The name was later shortened to "Jacksboro."2

Geography

Jacksboro is located at 36°19′53″N 84°11′20″W / 36.331511°N 84.188793°W / 36.331511; -84.188793.7 The town situated near the "corner" of an L-shaped section of Powell Valley created by the intersection of the Cumberland Plateau's Cumberland Mountain escarpment, which runs in a northeast-southwest direction, and the plateau's Cross Mountain escarpment, which runs northwest-to-southeast. Big Creek and Cove Creek — which traverse the eastern and western sections of Jacksboro respectively — are both part of the Norris Lake system of the Clinch River watershed.

Jacksboro is centered along U.S. Route 25, approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) northeast of Interstate 75 and a mile northeast of Cove Lake State Park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 178
1880 274 53.9%
1890 374 36.5%
1900 621 66.0%
1910 834 34.3%
1920 638 −23.5%
1930 834 30.7%
1970 689
1980 1,722 149.9%
1990 1,568 −8.9%
2000 1,887 20.3%
2010 2,020 7.0%
Est. 2012 2,010 −0.5%
Sources:89

As of the census4 of 2000, there were 1,887 people, 767 households, and 550 families residing in the town. The population density was 723.0 people per square mile (279.1/km2). There were 827 housing units at an average density of 316.9 per square mile (122.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.04% White, 0.11% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 0.90% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population.

Jacksboro, viewed from Cumberland Mountain

There were 767 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 26.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the town the population was spread out with 19.6% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 26.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,537, and the median income for a family was $36,607. Males had a median income of $32,708 versus $26,172 for females. The per capita income for the town was $16,150. About 12.2% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.4% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005-2006, pp. 618-625.
  2. ^ a b Paul Hellman, Historical Gazetteer of the United States (Taylor and Francis, 2005), p. 1014.
  3. ^ Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development, Certified Population of Tennessee Incorporated Municipalities and Counties, State of Tennessee website, 1 July 2011.
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  9. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "Henry R. Gibson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 25 April 2013. 







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