Jamalpur (community development block)
|Community development block|
|Parliamentary constituency||Bardhaman Purba|
|• Total||103.43 sq mi (267.88 km2)|
|• Density||2,350/sq mi (909/km2)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5.30)|
|Literacy Rate||65.54 per cent|
Jamalpur (community development block) (Bengali: জামালপুর সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক) is an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Jamalpur police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Jamalpur.12
Jamalpur is located at.
Unlike the rest of Bardhaman district, which lies to the north of the Damodar River, the Khandaghosh-Jamalpur-Raina area lies on the alluvial plains between the Damodar on its southern/ eastern side and the Dwarakeswar River. As a result, it has been a flood prone area.3
Gram panchayats of Jamalpur block/panchayat samiti are: Abhjhati I, Abujhati II, Ajhapur, Berugram, Chakdighi, Jamalpur I, Jamalpur II, Jarogram, Jaugram, Jotsriram, Panchra, Paratal I and Paratal II.4
At some point of time the town was known as Salimabad.5 In Peterson’s District Gazeteer of 1910 there is mention of Jamalpur and other police stations in Bardhaman subdivision.6 In 1968-69, Jamalpur and other blocks were created.7
The freedom fighter Dasarathi Tah organised political movement in the area in the thirties and forties.8 Damodar floods wrought havoc in the area and Dasarathi Tah initiated the ‘Nakrah hana embankment movement’ and even published a weekly newspaper named Damodar to focus on the problems faced by the people in the area.9 The August movement of 1942 had a great impact in the area. The post office at Jamalpur was burnt down.10
Weaving and oil milling had been major occupations in the area.11
The Eden canal from Kanchannagar to Jamalpur was the first irrigation canal in the district.12
As per 2001 census, Jamalpur block had a total population of 243,474, out of which 123,728 were males and 119,746 were females. Jamalpur block registered a population growth of 14.87 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.2Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.13 Scheduled castes at 87,575 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 37,043.14
As per 2001 census, Jamalpur block had a total literacy of 65.54 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 74.49 per cent female literacy was 56.35 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.15
- "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Burdwan district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp. 15-18, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
- "No. 229 (Sanction)-PN/P/II/1G-5/2005(Pt.II) dated 02.02.09". Allotment No. 5 for five districts – Cooch Behar, Burdwan, Uttar Dinajpur, Hooghly and Bankura. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 547
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p369
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 388
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 443
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 478
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 454
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 93, p. 663, p. 667
- Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p599
- "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26.
- "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-08-26.
- "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26.