Jeffrey H. Schwartz
Jeffrey Hugh Schwartz, PhD, (born March 6, 1948) is an American physical anthropologist1 and professor of biological anthropology at the University of Pittsburgh in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and a fellow and President of the World Academy of Art and Science (WAAS) from 2008-2012.
Schwartz' research involves the methods, theories, and philosophies in evolutionary biology, including the origins and diversification of primates. He has studied and analyzed human and primate skeletons and archaeological remains, focusing much of his research on dentofacial morphology. He has done substantial fieldwork and museum research in the collections of major museums around the globe.
In the revised and updated publication of The Red Ape: Orangutans and Human Origins, he presents additional evidence for his contention that orangutans share significantly more morphological similarities to humans than any other great ape.2 His theory is controversial, especially in light of molecular evidence showing the chimpanzee to be more closely related to humans, supported by recent DNA analysis.
He has also been a major contributor to the George Washington project, an attempt to create wax figure likenesses of the first U.S. President at the ages of 19, 45, and 57, based upon dentofacial morphology.3 Scheduled for public display in 2006 in a new education center and museum at Mount Vernon, the models also went on a 9-city national tour to promote the museum.4
In 2007 he was elected President of the World Academy of Art and Science for a five-year term (one year as president-elect). He was the first person so elected, all previous presidents having been directly appointed by trustees of the organization.5
Schwartz is the son of Jack Schwartz, a doctor who did quinine research during World War II, and Lillian Schwartz, one of the earliest visual artists to utilize computer imaging.6 He is married to the poet Lynn Emanuel and they reside in Pittsburgh.
- The Human Fossil Record (4 volume set) (with Ian Tattersall et al.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. 2005. ISBN 0-471-67864-3.
- The Red Ape: Orangutans and Human Origins (Revised and Updated edition). Boulder: Westview Press. 2005. ISBN 0-471-32985-1.
- Extinct Humans (with Ian Tattersall). Boulder: Westview Press. 2000. ISBN 0-8133-3482-9.
- Sudden Origins: Fossils, Genes, and the Emergence of Species. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 1999. ISBN 0-471-32985-1.
- Skeleton Keys: An Introduction to Human Skeletal Morphology, Development, and Analysis. New York: Oxford University Press. 1995. ISBN 0-19-505638-8.
- What the Bones Tell Us. New York: Henry Holt. 1993. ISBN 0-8050-1056-4.
- Orang-utan Biology. New York: Oxford University Press. 1988. ISBN 0-19-504371-5.
Jeffrey H. Schwartz made an appearance in the documentary film The Trouble with Atheism.
- Belko, Mark (May 29, 2006). "The Thinkers: Pitt anthropologist thinks Darwin's theory needs to evolve on some points". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Pitt prof: Orangutans, not chimps, our closest relative". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. March 15, 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Spice, Byron (August 28, 2005). "3-D recreations by Pitt anthropologist bring new dimension to first president". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- Barcousky, Len (February 14, 2010). "Meet the first president at History Center exhibit". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 15 May 2013.
- "Pitt's Anthropology Professor Jeffrey Schwartz Elected President of World Academy of Art and Science". 2007-02-27.
- "Installation Remark by Prof. Jeffrey H. Schwartz". World Academy of Art & Science. February 28, 2008.
- Schwartz, Jeffrey (February 2006). Putting a Face on the First President. Scientific American.