||This article's lead section may not adequately summarize key points of its contents. (October 2012)|
Katzenberg in December 2012.
December 21, 1950 |
New York City
|Alma mater||Ethical Culture Fieldston School|
|Occupation||CEO of DreamWorks Animation|
|Notable work(s)||The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, The Lion King, Toy Story, Shrek, Madagascar, Kung Fu Panda, Monsters vs. Aliens, How to Train Your Dragon|
|Net worth||$957 million (2013)1|
|Spouse(s)||Marilyn Siegel (1975—present)|
Jeffrey Katzenberg (born December 21, 1950) is an American businessman and film producer. As a businessman, he is the CEO of DreamWorks Animation and is also known for his tenure as chairman of The Walt Disney Studios from 1984 to 1994, during which the studio reinvigorated its live-action and animation department, as well as producing some of its biggest hits, including The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin, and The Lion King. As a founder and CEO of DreamWorks Animation, he has overseen the production of such animated franchises as Shrek, Madagascar, Kung Fu Panda, Monsters vs. Aliens and How to Train Your Dragon.
Katzenberg has also been involved in politics. With his active support to Barack Obama, he was called as "one of Hollywood's premier political kingmakers and one of the Democratic Party's top national fundraisers."2
Katzenberg was born in New York City, to a Jewish family, the son of Anne, an artist, and Walter Katzenberg, a stockbroker.3 He attended the Ethical Culture Fieldston School, graduating in 1969. When he was 14, Katzenberg volunteered to work on Republican John Lindsay's successful New York mayoral campaign. He quickly received the nickname "Squirt" and attended as many meetings as he could.4 He was described as "kind of a weasel" by one of Lindsay's aides.5
Katzenberg began his career as an assistant to producer David Picker, then in 1974 he became an assistant to Barry Diller, the Chairman of Paramount Pictures. Diller moved Katzenberg to the marketing department, followed by other assignments within the studio, until he was assigned to revive the Star Trek franchise, which resulted in the hit film, Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979). He continued to work his way up and became President of Production under Paramount President Michael Eisner.
In 1984, Michael Eisner became Chief Executive Officer (CEO) at The Walt Disney Company. Eisner brought Katzenberg with him to take charge of Disney’s motion picture division. Katzenberg was responsible for reviving the studio which, at the time, ranked last at the box office among the major studios. He focused the studio on the production of adult-oriented comedies under its Touchstone Pictures imprint, including films such as Down and Out in Beverly Hills (1986), Three Men and a Baby (1987) and Good Morning, Vietnam (1987). By 1987, Disney had become the number-one studio at the box office.6 Katzenberg also oversaw Touchstone Television, which produced such hit TV series, The Golden Girls and Home Improvement.
Katzenberg was also charged with turning around Disney's ailing Feature Animation unit, creating some intrastudio controversy when he personally edited three minutes out of a completed Disney animated feature, The Black Cauldron (1985), shortly after joining the company.7 Under his management, the animation department eventually began creating some of Disney's most critically acclaimed and highest grossing animated features. These films include Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988), The Little Mermaid (1989),The Rescuers Down Under (1990), Beauty and the Beast (1991), which was the first animated feature to be nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture,6 Aladdin (1992), and The Lion King (1994). In addition, Katzenberg also sealed the deal that created the highly successful partnership between Pixar and Disney and the deal that brought Miramax Films into Disney.citation needed
When Eisner’s second in command, Frank Wells, died in a helicopter crash in 1994,8 Eisner refused to promote Katzenberg to the vacated position of president. This led to a falling out between the two executives, and Katzenberg left the company in September 1994. He launched a lawsuit against Disney to recover money he felt he was owed and settled out of court for an estimated $250 million.9
Later in 1994, Katzenberg co-founded DreamWorks SKG with Steven Spielberg and David Geffen, with Katzenberg taking primary responsibility for animation operations. He was also credited as executive producer on the DreamWorks animated films The Prince of Egypt (1998), The Road to El Dorado and Joseph: King of Dreams (both in 2000), Shrek in 2001, Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron in 2002, and Shrek 2 in 2004.
After DreamWorks Animation suffered a $125 million loss on the traditionally-animated Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas,10 Katzenberg believed that telling traditional stories using traditional animation is a thing of the past, and the studio switched to all computer-generated animation.11 Since then, DreamWorks' animated feature films have been consistently successful financially and critically with several Annie Awards and Academy Awards nominations and wins.
In 2004, DreamWorks Animation (DWA) was spun off from DreamWorks as a separate company headed by Katzenberg in an IPO and has recorded mostly profitable quarters since then.
The live-action DreamWorks movie studio was sold to Viacom in December 2005.121314 In 2008, the live-action DreamWorks studio again became an independent production company, releasing its films through Disney.
Katzenberg has been an industry leader in promoting digital 3D production of film, calling it "the greatest advance in the film industry since the arrival of color in the 1930s." When Katzenberg appeared on The Colbert Report on April 20, 2010, he confirmed that from now on "every single movie" that DreamWorks Animation produced would be in 3D and gave Stephen Colbert a pair of new 3D glasses.15
It was reported that Katzenberg receives an airfare allowance of $1.5 million per year, which was the most of all media-company CEOs.16
Katzenberg is a long time supporter of Barack Obama. Reportedly "smitten" by Obama's speech at the 2004 Democratic National Convention, Katzenberg pledged his full support to Obama in 2006 if he decided to run for President.17 During his campaign, Obama praised Katzenberg for his "tenacious support and advocacy since we started back in 2007."18
Katzenberg has been an avid fundraiser for Obama, doing so while much of Hollywood was still supporting the Clintons. His fundraising prowess has reportedly allowed him to become an "informal liaison" between Hollywood and the White House.17 Katzenberg co-hosted a fundraiser for President Obama at the home of actor George Clooney in May 2012. Katzenberg said that the event raised almost $15 million, which would make it the most profitable presidential fundraiser in history.5 It was reported that Obama campaign officials were not happy about some of the requests that Katzenberg had made. In particular, they were bothered that Katzenberg, who reportedly had made himself "indispensable to Obama", required that the President spend time talking at each of the 14 tables.17
When the details of Oriental DreamWorks emerged, Jennifer Rubin noted that Post the Obama Administration's potential involvement in the deal would not be an issue if not for Katzenberg's May fundraiser for Obama and his “huge campaign donations.”19 It was reported that Katzenberg was Obama’s top bundler, who, along with Andy Spahn, had contributed at least $6.6 million combined for both of Obama's campaigns.20 In an MSNBC interview about the donations, Nicholas Confessore noted Katzenberg's desire to build movie studios in China, saying that he would need help from the Obama administration to get this done and that "[e]veryone has interests at stake."21 Bill Allison of the Sunlight Foundation suggested that Katzenberg's long history of financial support for Obama may have influenced the movie deal being "fast-track[ed]" by the White House, noting that DreamWorks Animation "never registered to lobby the federal government."22
It was reported that Obama arrived in Los Angeles on October 7, 2012, where he joined Bill Clinton at Katzenberg's Beverly Hills home for a private meeting with several deep-pocketed Democratic donors. Obama's campaign indicated the meeting was to thank supporters, but some members of the campaign finance committee said that it involved the pro-Obama PAC Priorities USA Action. Members of the White House press corps who had traveled to California with Obama were kept in the garage of Katzenberg's mansion and one reporter called the meeting "unusual".23 Katzenberg, who had previously donated $2 million to the pro-Obama PAC Priorities USA Action, donated an additional $1 million in October 2012.24
The Securities and Exchange Commission launched an investigation in April 2012 into accusations that Katzenberg had bribed Chinese officials in an effort to obtain distribution rights, as Joe Biden was negotiating a deal to increase film quotas.1825
Katzenberg took a leading role in pushing the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA), which Hollywood reportedly saw as "an existential threat." When the White House announced its opposition to the bill in January 2012, Chris Dodd, the former Senator and head of the Motion Picture Association of America, the film industry's lobbying organization, contacted Katzenberg to obtain more information about the president's plans. When Dodd reportedly asked him to intervene, Katzenberg declined, but "sought to soothe hurt feelings and lay the groundwork for a deal more friendly to Hollywood." Katzenberg's office contacted Obama and urged him to contact other studio chiefs in order to reaffirm their support. Obama would take the advice, making Katzenberg one of the few Hollywood executives working on brokering a compromise with Silicon Valley.17
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences announced in September 2012 that the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award would be presented to Katzenberg at the Oscar ceremony in 2013 in acknowledgment of his role in “raising money for education, art and health-related causes, particularly those benefiting the motion picture industry.”26
Together, Marilyn and Jeffrey have been highly active in charitable causes. They donated the multi-million-dollar Katzenberg Center to Boston University's College of General Studies, citing that the school gave their two children the "love of education."30 They also donated the Marilyn and Jeffrey Katzenberg Center for Animation at the University of Southern California.
In addition to serving as Chairman of the Board for the Motion Picture and Television Fund Foundation, Katzenberg sits on the boards or serves as a trustee of AIDS Project Los Angeles, American Museum of the Moving Image, California Institute of the Arts, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Geffen Playhouse, Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson’s Research, University of Southern California School of Cinematic Arts and The Simon Wiesenthal Center. Together with DreamWorks Animation, Katzenberg founded the DreamWorks Animation Academy of Inner-City Arts in 2008. In recognition of his efforts, Katzenberg received the 85th Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award at the 2013 American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Governors Awards Presentation31 on December 1 at The Ray Dolby Ballroom at Hollywood & Highland Center.32
Katzenberg has an estimated worth of $800 million according to Forbes. Katzenberg is reported to have donated over $3.5 million in political contributions since 1979: 33% ($1.171+ million) to Democrats, 66% ($2.33+ million) to special interest groups without party affiliations, and less than 1% ($7,000) to Republicans.33
- Faughnder, Ryan (August 7, 2013). "Obama dines with Jeffrey Katzenberg after 'Tonight Show' stop". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 30, 2013. "Katzenberg, who has a net worth of $957 million, according to the Los Angeles Business Journal, has long been known for his contributions to the Democratic war chest."
- Daunt, Tina; Masters, Kim (October 30, 2013). "Jeffrey Katzenberg's Secret Call to Hillary Clinton: Hollywood's 2016 Support Assured". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 30, 2013.
- "Jeffrey Katzenberg Biography (1950-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
- Pulver, Andrew (17 May 2001). "The Katz that bit the mouse". The Guardian.
- Kahn, Carrie (11 May 2012). "Head Of Shrek's Studio Puts Millions Behind Obama". NPR.
- Hahn, Don (2009). Waking Sleeping Beauty (Documentary film). Burbank, California: Stone Circle Pictures/Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
- Thomas, Bob (1991). Disney's Art of Animation: From Mickey Mouse to Beauty and the Beast. New York.: Hyperion. p. 114. ISBN 1-56282-899-1.
- "Frank Wells, Disney's President, Is Killed in a Copter Crash at 62". The New York Times. April 5, 1994. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
- B. Stewart, James (2005). DisneyWar. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-80993-1.
- Eller, Claudia; Hofmeister, Sallie (December 17, 2005). "DreamWorks Sale Sounds Wake-Up Call for Indie Films". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved September 11, 2013. "The company nearly went bankrupt twice, Geffen said during a panel discussion in New York this year, adding that when the animated film "Sinbad: Legend of the Seven Seas" flopped in 2003, the resulting $125-million loss nearly sank his company."
- M. Holson, Laura (July 21, 2003). "Animated Film Is Latest Title To Run Aground At DreamWorks". The New York Times. Retrieved September 11, 2013. "I think the idea of a traditional story being told using traditional animation is likely a thing of the past, he said. Among other factors, Mr. Katzenberg said, fast-evolving technology is making it easier to create images that a few years ago could only be drawn by hand."
- "'Island' Could Sink DreamWorks Sale - Celebrity Gossip | Entertainment News | Arts And Entertainment". FOXNews.com. 2005-08-01. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
- "Behind the DreamWorks Sale". Newsmax.com. 2005-12-12. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
- Smith, Sean (2005-12-19). "Hollywood: DreamWorks Sale—Why the Dream Didn't Work - Newsweek - Newsweek Periscope". MSNBC. Archived from the original on December 13, 2005. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
- "The Colbert Nation". Colbert Report - Jeffrey Katzenberg. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
- Acuna, Kirsten (18 October 2012). "Here's How Much The Top 15 Media CEOs Spend On Private Jets [Ranked]". Business Insider.
- "Movie Mogul's Starring Role in Raising Funds for Obama". Wall Street Journal. 30 September 2012.
- Haberman, Maggie (11 May 2012). "The Katzenberg-Obama connection". Politico.
- Rubin, Jennifer (1 June 2012). "Biden’s role in U.S. companies’ deals with China". The Washington Post.
- "Obama Grows More Reliant on Big-Money Contributors". The New York Times. 12 September 2012.
- "What Does Jeffrey Katzenberg Want?". MSNBC. Free Beacon.
- Allison, Bill. "Stealthy Wealthy: Did Katzenberg's support for Obama fast-track movie deal with China?". Sunlight Foundation.
- Daunt, Tina (7 October 2012). "Obama, Clinton Powwow with Donors at Jeffrey Katzenberg's House". The Hollywood Reporter.
- "Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg Give $1 Million Each to Aid Obama Super PAC". Huffington Post. 21 October 2012.
- Wyatt, Edward (24 April 2012). "S.E.C. Asks if Hollywood Paid Bribes in China". The New York Times.
- Sperling, Nicole (5 September 2012). "Academy to honor Jeffrey Katzenberg, Hal Needham, D.A. Pennebaker and George Stevens Jr.". LA Times.
- Berrin, Danielle (July 17, 2013). "Jeffrey Katzenberg: Mogul on a mission". Jewish Journal. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- Howard, Caroline; Noer, Michael (December 17, 2012). "30 under 30". Forbes. Retrieved December 18, 2012.
- Radish, Christina (April 14, 2011). "Producer David Katzenberg Talks THE HARD TIMES OF RJ BERGER Season 2". Collider.com. Retrieved September 11, 2013.
- "BU Today News & Events". CGS dedicates Marilyn and Jeffrey Katzenberg Center. Retrieved 28 April 2010.
- Grossberg, Josh. "Jeffrey Katzenberg, D.A. Pennebaker Tapped for Honorary Oscars". Eonline. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
- Minovitz, Ethan (September 7, 2012). "Katzenberg to receive Academy's Humanitarian Award". Big Cartoon News. Retrieved September 7, 2012.
- "Newsmeat". Hall of Fame>Celebrities, Jeffrey Katzenberg. Retrieved 1February2012.
- "Katzenberg Presented with Ringling’s First Honorary Doctor of Arts Degree". Tampa Bay CEO magazine. April 15, 2008. Retrieved Nov.15, 2009.
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