|Time zone||PST (UTC+5)|
Jhang (Urdu: جهنگ, Punjabi: جھنگ) is the capital city of Jhang District, in the state of Punjab, Pakistan. It is situated on the east bank of the Chenab river, about 210 kilometres (km, 130 mi) from Lahore, about 70 km from Faisalabad or 160 km from Multan or 35 km from Gojra (43 or 99 or 22 miles). According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, it had a population of 387,418.1
In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin. In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of the northern [[Punjab region]. Qutb Shah,was the General in army of Mahmud Ghazni. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.Hazrat Sultan Bahoo is the descendent of Qutb Shah.Tribal history holds that Qutb Shah and his sons married local women who converted to Islam from Zoroastrianism. Qutb Shah's sons are said to have settled in different regions of the Punjab, including his elder son Muhammad Shah Or Khokhar, settled by Chenab.
The premier rulers of Jhang was Sial and due to this reason Jhang was known as Jhang sial. Sials gave fate to nouls and ruled this place after centuries when English attacked on sub continent there monarchy was destroyed and a political set up was launched. Here are many basic castes living including Sials, Nouls, Baloch, Khokhar, and many other castes. The Sial caste has also sub castes like Sanpal, Sargana, Bhabhnana, Haraj, Patuana, Buduana, Maghiana and many others.
Jhang has a lot of movement at the time of Indian independence where a lot a people migrated to India; notable castes include Khurana, Dhussa, Mahajan who settled in northern provinces of India - Rohtak, Ambala, Jind. The area was inhabited at the time of Alexander the Great, but the present city of Jhang is said to have been founded in the twelfth century by Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari. Its first inhabitants were Nauls who were his followers or murids. It was then destroyed by the river and re-founded during the reign of Aurangzeb by Mehboob Alam - called Shah Jewna - who asked his followers to settle again in that area in 1402. Under Mughal rule, the city flourished and was notable for commerce and trade. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh invaded and occupied Jhang.
Jhang-Maghiana became a municipality in 1867.citation needed The income during the ten years ending 1902-3 averaged Rs.46,800 and the expenditure Rs. 44,200; in 1903-4 the income was Rs. 49,700 mainly derived from octroi. Maghiana lies on the edge of the highlands, overlooking the alluvial valley of the Chenab, while the older town of Jhang occupies the lowlands at its foot.2
Commerce declined in Jhang, which was no longer considered a place of importance. Maghiana, however, had a considerable trade in grain and country cloth, and manufactured leather, soap, locks and other brass-work.citation needed Maghiana also contained a civil hospital and Courts where Vakil Rajaram Kinra practised, whilst Jhang had a high school and a dispensary.2 The population in 1901, according to the 1901 census of India, was 24,1 of whom 89 were Hindus and 11,684 were Muslims.
The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslim refugees from India settled in the Jhang.
- Shrine (Darbar) of Sultan Bahoo One of most prominent Sufi saints and most popular landmark in Jhang District.
- Shrine of Baba Hazrat Rodu Sultan
- Shrine of Mai Baap Hazrat Sultan Bahoo, Shorkot
- Astana Alia Darbar Mehboob Alam (popularly known as shah jewna)
- Darbar Sufi Saint Hazrat Sheikh Ali
- Chenab College Jhang
- Mahad al Faqir Al Islami, Jhang
- Faran College Jhang
- Shakarganj Mills Limited
- Chenab Park
- Tomb of Heer Ranjha
- Jinnah Hall
- Trimmu Barrage
- Officer School System
- Rivaz Bridge
- Iqbal Marath Zarati Madel Faram Gojara Road
- Jhang City Park
- [The house of Nobel prize winner Scientist, Dr. Abdul Salam]]
- The Shrine of Sahaba, Peer Abdur Rehman
- Sultan Bahoo, Prominent scholar, vibrant Persian and Punjabi Poet, and one of the greatest Sufi Saints of all times.
- Javid Husain, Diplomat, Former Ambassador of Pakistan to Iran, South Korea, and the Netherlands
- Air Commodore Imtiaz Bhatti Sitara-i-Jurat, Sitara-i-Imtiaz(Military), Sitara-i-Basalat, P.A.F.(R), Former Ambassador/High Commissioner of Pakistan for Burundi, Madagascar, Malawi and Tanzania
- Aleem Dar ICC World Class Empire ( ICC Elite umpire panel)
- Tariq Saleem Dogar, Former Inspector General Police (IGP), Punjab
- Majeed Amjad
- Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri, Islamic Scholar and Politician
- Syeda Abida Hussain, Politician (Former Federal Minister and Pakistani Ambassador to the United States)
- Faisal Saleh Hayat, Politician (Former Federal Minister)
- Dr. Abdus Salam, The only Pakistani to win a Nobel prize and considered a major contributor in modern theoretical physics.
Jhang is situated at place where two rivers Jhelum and Chenab join together to make a great looking sight. It is situated on the left banks of both rivers. Jhang is the capital city of Jhang District located at the coordinates 31.30677 N, 72.32814 E.
|Toba Tek Singh||Okara||Faisalabad|
Climate of Jhang has extreme summer and extreme winter like most areas of Pakistan, it has four seasons. While Monsoon showers in months of June, July, August and September. Temperature usually falls below zero in extreme winter.
According to the 1981 census of Pakistan, the population of Jhang was 1,970,944 with the 434,495 housing units in Jhang. In the 1998 census, population of Jhang was 2,834,545, with an annual growth rate of 2.16%. The male population was 1,474,099 (52.00%) and the female population was 1,360,446 (48.00%). Languages mostly spoken in Jhang are Punjabi and Urdu.
There are two University campuses catering the needs of city
- Lahore College for Women University Jhang campus
- University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Jhang campus
Jhang contains many schools and colleges
- Sardar Mir Nauroz Jan Jatoi, Politician (Chairman Baloch Aman Committee)
- Jatoi College Sham Bagh 175
- Government Higher Secondary School Chak 232
- Govt.Post Graduate College Jhang
- Govt College of Commerce Jhang
- Government Comperehensive Model High School (Jamia School) Jhang
- Government College of University - Lahore Jhang Campus
- Faran Model College Jhang
- The Crescent School Satellite Town Jhang
- Chenab College Jhang
- Cadet College Jhang
- Punjab Poly Technical college
- Degree college jhang
- Punjab College of Commerce jhang
- Islamia College of Commerce and City School jhang
- Rachna College of Commerce Jhang (Boys & Girls separate campusses)
- Ghazali Public Boys High School Jhang
- Ghazali Science College for Boys Jhang
- Garrison School System
- Government Ghazali Degree College Jhang
- Superior College of Commerce, jhang
- University of South Asia Lahore Sub-campus Jhang
- Government Higher Secondary School Rodu Sultan
- Allied School project of Punjab Group of Colleges
- Islamia govt school
- Saifia Politecnic Institute Jhang
- I-soft college of commerce
- faran school diilowalla
- Marath Free education Complex Jhang
- Victory Model School, Jhang
- Jhang Poly Technical College
- ALI Informatics Church Road Jhang
- Sacred Heart High School Jhang
- Govt. High School Ashaba, Jhang
- Govt. Elementary School Mudduki, Jhang
- Govt. Higher Secondary School Mandi Shah Jewana Jhang
- GOVT. Boys High School Kori De Jhok Chak#175
- Govt. Girls Higher Secondary School Chak No.170 J.B. Dab Jhang
- Govt. High School Chak No. 170 J.B. Dab Jhang
- GOVT. Boys High School Mukhiyana
- GOVT. Girls High School Mukhiyana
- Govt. Degree College Chak No. 170 J.B. Dab
- Hussain Institute of Information Technology & Engineering jhang
- Beacon house (Al-Syed Campus Jhang)
- The City School Jhang Campus
- Ghazali Pilot Secondary School
- The Educator School Jhang Campus
- Romi Education School System
- The Romi Education School System
- Officer School System
- Fuji Foundation School System jhang Campus
- Cambridge O.Levels. 5 Civil Line
- Pen School System
- Pen College Jhang
- College of Business Administration Jhang (C.B.A.)
- Jhang Polytechnic Institute,Jhang Sadar JPI
- Umer Foundation School Jhang City.
Jhang is the burial place of Heer and Ranjha, of Saraiki folklore. Saraiki folk dances such as Jhummar and Sammi are from this area. Jhummar is a dance for men while Sammi is danced by women. Traditionally men wear turbans and dhotis (like a kilt) though in recent years people have started wearing the national dress which is Shalwar Qameez. Historically there was a considerable weaving industry in Jhang, but this has since declined.
Saraiki folk dances such as Jhummar and Sammi originated in Jhang District. The district also originated a well-known form of folk music known as "Dhola", or "Jhang da Dhola". Another important dance in Jhang is called "Dharees", a traditional folk dance on weddings or other parties.
Street sports are important in Jhang District and include tent pegging (naiza baazi), kabaddi, volleyball, cricket and football (soccer).
In the past, women wove cloth with spinning wheels – known as Teeyan and Trinjan – but now that the area is industrialized the practice is no longer common.
The northwestern Jhang District, particularly the area at the west bank of the Jhelum River, is somewhat different in its culture because it is more influenced by the Thalochi culture emanating from the neighboring districts of Mianwali and Bhakkar .
Jhang District has a dominant Muslim (both Shia and Sunni) population and a small number of Ahmadiyya. There is a sizable Christian minority also. Among the majority Sunnis, the Barelvi school of thought has a major influence. Dr. Tahir-ul-Qadri is a prominent religious scholar and politician who represents this view of Islam. Maulana Haq Nawaz Jhangvi was another prominent and controversial leader from Jhang who created Anjuman-e-Spahe-e-Sohaba (A.S.S), which the United Nations has now bannedcitation needed. Jhang has been the center of the centuries-old chess match between Sunnis and Shias for more than two decades.
- 1998 census of Pakistan
- Jhang-Maghiana article in the Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 14, p. 134.
- "Demography of Jhang". Pakistan Census. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- Tehsils & Unions in the District of Jhang - Government of Pakistan
- "About Jhang". Mera Jhang. Retrieved 2010-10-24.