Jiu River

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Coordinates: 43°46′41″N 23°48′48″E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333
Jiu River
Jiu River in Craiova.jpg
View of the Jiu River passing Craiova city, Dolj County, Romania
Countries Romania
Counties Hunedoara, Gorj, Dolj
Tributaries
 - left Jiul de Est, Gilort, Amaradia
 - right Jiul de Vest, Motru
Cities Petroşani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul
de Vest), Târgu Jiu, Craiova
Source
 - location Junction of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est, near Petroşani, Hunedoara
 - elevation 554 m (1,818 ft)
 - coordinates 45°22′07″N 23°22′04″E / 45.36861°N 23.36778°E / 45.36861; 23.36778
Mouth Danube
 - location near Bechet, Dolj
 - coordinates 43°46′41″N 23°48′48″E / 43.77806°N 23.81333°E / 43.77806; 23.81333
Length 339 km (211 mi)
Basin 10,070 km2 (3,888 sq mi)
Official River Code VII.1
The river Jiu in Romania.

Jiu (Romanian pronunciation: [ʒiw], Latin: Rabon) is a river of southern Romania. It is formed near Petroşani by the junction of headwaters Jiul de Vest and Jiul de Est.

It flows southward through the Romanian counties Hunedoara, Gorj and Dolj before flowing into the Danube a few kilometers upstream from the Bulgarian city of Oryahovo, 339 kilometers from its sources. It has a basin of 10,080 km².1

The upper Jiu Valley, around Petroșani and Lupeni, is Romania’s principal coal mining region.

History

Historically, the Jiu River was also called Rhabon by the Dacian people.

Towns and cities

The following towns are situated along the river Jiu, from source to mouth: Petroşani (Jiul de Est), Lupeni (Jiul de Vest), Bumbești-Jiu, Târgu Jiu, Turceni, Filiaşi, Craiova.

Tributaries

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Jiu:

Left: Jiul de Est, Izvorul, Polatiştea, Valea Radului, Pârâul Alb, Păiuşu, Chiţiu, Rafallo, Sadu, Curpenoasa, Bârcaciu, Tetila, Iazu Topilelor, Hodinău, Amaradia, Cioiana, Ceplea, Gilort, Ţânţăreni, Cârneşti, Brădeşti, Amaradia, Valea Fetii, Valea Şarpelui, Preajba, Lumașu, Leu, Gioroc

Right: Jiul de Vest, Cândeţu, Strâmsuţa, Murga Mare, Murga Mică, Dumitra, Cerbănaşu, Gropu, Tarniţa, Bratcu, Runcu, Porcu, Sâmbotin, Cartiu, Pietroasa, Şuşiţa, Tismana, Dâmbova, Timişeni, Jilţ, Şuşiţa, Motru, Argetoaia, Rasnic, Prodila

See also

References

  • Administrația Națională Apelor Române - Cadastrul Apelor - București
  • Institutul de Meteorologie și Hidrologie - Rîurile României - București 1971
  • Trasee turistice - județul Dolj [1]







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