Saints Joachim and Anne, parents of the Virgin Mary
|Father of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Confessor|
|Born||100 BC unknown real day
|Honored in||Roman Catholic Church
|Feast||July 26 (Anglican Communion), (Roman Catholicism); September 9 (Eastern Orthodox Church), (Greek Catholics); March 20 (General Roman Calendar, 1584-1738); Sunday after the Octave of the Assumption (General Roman Calendar, 1738-1913); August 16 (General Roman Calendar, 1913-1969)|
|Attributes||Lamb, doves, with Saint Anne or Mary|
|Patronage||Adjuntas, Puerto Rico, fathers, grandparents, Fasnia (Tenerife)|
Joachim ("he whom YHWH has set up", Hebrew: יְהוֹיָקִים Yəhôyāqîm, Greek Ἰωακείμ Iōākeím) was the husband of Saint Anne and the father of Mary the mother of Jesus, according to the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions. The story of Joachim and Anne first appears in the apocryphal Gospel of James. Joachim and Anne are not mentioned in the Bible.1 His feast day is July 26.
Since the genealogies of Jesus in Matthew and Luke do not explicitly name either of Mary's parents, but apparently name two different fathers for Saint Joseph, many scholars from John of Damascus (8th century), and particularly Protestant scholars, argue that the genealogy in Luke is actually the family tree of Mary, and that Heli is her father.2 To resolve the problem of Joseph having two fathers - one descended from Solomon, one descended from Nathan, son of David, traditions from the 7th century specify that Heli was a first cousin of Joachim.3
According to tradition, Saint Anne was born in Bethlehem, and married Joachim of Nazareth, both descendants of David.4 In the Protoevangelium of James, Joachim is described as a rich and pious man, who regularly gave to the poor and to the temple (synagogue) at Sepphoris.5 Tradition has it that the parents of the Blessed Virgin, who, apparently, first lived in Galilee, came later on to settle in Jerusalem.6 However, as his wife was barren, the high priest rejected Joachim and his sacrifice, as his wife's childlessness was interpreted as a sign of divine displeasure. Joachim consequently withdrew to the desert where he fasted and did penance for forty days. Angels then appeared to both Joachim and Anne to promise them a child. Joachim later returned to Jerusalem and embraced Anne at the city gate. There was ancient belief that a child born of an elderly mother who had given up hope of having offspring was destined for great things. Parallels occur in the Old Testament in the case of Hannah, mother of Samuel.7
No liturgical celebration of Saint Joachim was included in the Tridentine Calendar. It was added to the General Roman Calendar in 1584, for celebration on March 20, the day after the feast day of Saint Joseph. In 1738, it was transferred to the Sunday after the Octave of the Assumption of Mary. As part of his effort to allow the liturgy of Sundays to be celebrated, Pope Pius X transferred it to August 16, the day after the Assumption, so that Joachim may be remembered in the celebration of Mary's triumph.8 It was then celebrated as a Double of the 2nd Class, a rank that was changed in 1960 to that of 2nd Class Feast. In the Roman Catholic calendar of saints (in 1969) it was joined to that of Anne, for celebration on July 26.9
St. Joachim is named as the patron of fathers, grandfathers, grandparents, married couples, cabinet makers and linen traders.10
Symbols associated with Saint Joachim include: a book or scroll representing linen makers, a shepherd's staff for the Christian word, and a basket of doves representing peace. He is almost always clothed in green, the color of hope.10
The House of Imran (Arabic: آل عمران) is the 3rd chapter of the Qur'an. Imran is Arabic for the biblical figure Amram, the father of Moses and Aaron, who is regarded by Muslims as being the ancestor of Mary and Jesus through his son Aaron. In Muslim belief, however, the Christian Joachim has been attributed the name Imran as well. Muslims distinguish between the two different individuals as:
On Qur'an 19:28, the classical Islamic scholar and commentator ibn Kathir says in his work Tafsir ibn Kathir; "(O sister of Harun!) This means, "O one resembling Harun (Aaron) in worship.... (O sister of Harun!) referring to the brother of Musa, because she was of his descendants. This is similar to the saying, `O brother of Tamim,' to one who is from the Tamimi tribe, and `O brother of Mudar,' to one who is from the Mudari tribe. It has also been said that she was related to a righteous man among them whose name was Harun and she was comparable to him in her abstinence and worship."12
As for the figure of Joachim/Imran, he is revered by Muslims for being the father of Mary and the grandfather of Jesus and also for being one of the most saintly men present in Jerusalem at the time, alongside the priest Zachariah. By tradition, Imran's wife was Hannah, the Catholic Saint Anne.
- Ronald Brownrigg, Canon Brownrigg Who's Who in the New Testament 2001 ISBN 0-415-26036-1 page T-62
- Machen Virgin birth
- Doctrina Jacobi, written about 634; similarly in On the Orthodox Faith iv.14: Joachim's father Panther and Eli's father Melchi were brothers, sons of Levi.
- ""St. Joachim and St. Anne, parents of the Virgin Mary, Protectors of the Order", Carmelites". Ocarm.org. 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- The reference to a temple at Sepphoris seems to contradict the generally held view that at that time no Jewish temple was admitted other than that in Jerusalem: see The Temple at Jerusalem and Its Culture.
- "Souvay, Charles. "St. Joachim." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 3 May 2013". Newadvent.org. 1910-10-01. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "''Lives of Saints'', John J. Crawley & Co., Inc". Ewtn.com. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- Dom Gaspar LeFebvre, "The Saint Andrew Daily Missal, with Vespers for Sundays and Feasts," Saint Paul, MN: The E. M. Lohmann Co., 1952, p. 1513
- "Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 1969), pp. 98 and 135
- ""St. Joachim, Father of the Most Blessed Virgin", St. Joachim Parish, Bellmawr, New Jersey". Stjoachimparish.net. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Nelson, Fr. Lee. "Homily for the Feast of Sts. Anne and Joachim", St. John's Church, Stockton, California". Stjohnsstockton.org. 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Quran Tafsir Ibn Kathir - Maryam with Al-Masih before the People, Their Rejection of Her and His Reply to Them". Qtafsir.com. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Saint Joachim.|
- Foley O.F.M., Leonard. Saint of the Day, Lives, Lessons, and Feast, (revised by Pat McCloskey O.F.M.), Franciscan Media, ISBN 978-0-86716-887-7