|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2012)|
|Tacoma - Seattle, Washington|
|City of license||Tacoma, Washington|
|Channels||Digital: 11 (VHF)
Virtual: 11 (PSIP)
(The CW Television Stations, Inc.)
|First air date||March 1, 1953|
|Call letters' meaning||Seattle
|Former callsigns||KTNT-TV (1953-1974)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
11 (VHF, 1953–2009)
36 (UHF, 2002–2009)
|Former affiliations||CBS (1953–1958, 1960–1962, 1995–1997)
DuMont (secondary, 1953–1955)
Independent (1958–1960, 1962–1995)
|Transmitter power||100 kW|
|Public license information:||Profile
KSTW, channel 11, is a CW owned-and-operated station television station licensed to Tacoma, Washington, United States. The station is owned by the CBS Television Stations subsidiary of CBS Corporation. Its studios and transmitter are located separately in Seattle.
The construction permit for the station was issued by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) on December 10, 1952. Chief Engineer Max Bice immediately ordered equipment through General Electric, and the equipment was delivered within 45 days. The antenna was in Milan, Italy and it was shipped by rail car to Tacoma.citation needed The transmitter arrived in Tacoma from Syracuse, New York on February 9, 1953. It was installed on the next day, and work progressed rapidly. The original studios and transmitter house were located at South 11th Street and Grant Avenue. The station tested with a 30,000-watt signal and received reports of reception from up to 150 miles away.
The station began broadcasting March 1, 1953 out of Tacoma as KTNT-TV, named after its founder, the Tacoma News Tribune. At the time, it was a primary CBS affiliate and sister station to KTNT radio (AM 1400, now KITZ, and FM 97.3, now KIRO-FM). During the late 1950s, the station was briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network.1 On February 21, 1954, KTNT received permission from the FCC to increase the transmitter's power to 316,000 watts, and to move the transmitter to a new 1,000 foot tower near View Park, Washington just south of Harper on the Fragaria Access Road. Parts of the old transmitting equipment were loaned to Portland, Oregon's KGW-TV, due to the damage from the Columbus Day Storm of 1962.
In February 1958, KIRO-TV (channel 7) took to the air as the Seattle-Tacoma market's exclusive CBS affiliate.2 After being informed by CBS that its affiliation would be discontinued, KTNT-TV filed an antitrust lawsuit against CBS and KIRO-TV, on claims the network had a pre-existing agreement to affiliate with KIRO-TV when and if it ever went on the air.3 CBS agreed to settle the suit in 1960 by taking on both KIRO-TV and KTNT-TV as primary affiliates.4 This arrangement lasted until September 1962, when channel 7 became the sole CBS station for western Washington.5 Channel 11 was left to once again become an independent station, the second in the market after KTVW (channel 13, now KCPQ).
During the late 1960s, the station also occasionally carried NBC primetime programs preempted by Seattle SuperSonics games on KING-TV (channel 5). For one month, in May 1967, the station was also an affiliate of the United Network (also known as the Overmyer Network), a short-lived attempt to create a fourth commercial television network nationally. During the decade, KTNT also presented movies under the "Nightmare!" banner in the early 1960s on Saturday nights, airing around 10:30 p.m. before sign-off.
Due to new newspaper-broadcast cross-ownership restrictions enacted by the FCC in the early 1970s, the Tacoma News Tribune's ownership of the KTNT stations were under threat of potential FCC divestiture. As a result, KTNT-TV was sold to the WKY Television System, foreunner of Gaylord Broadcasting, in 1974;67 the new ownership changed the station's call letters to KSTW (standing for Seattle-Tacoma, Washington).8 In 1979, KSTW began transmitting from its present location on Capitol Hill in Seattle. During that time, the station had the slogan "Good Lookin' 11".
During the late 1980s, KSTW branded on-air as "KSTWashington" and like the did in the 1960s and 1970s, it ran the traditional fare of cartoons, off-network sitcoms, westerns, old movies, and a local 10 p.m. newscast. It was also the over-the-air home of the Seattle Mariners and SuperSonics. During this timeframe, it was a regional superstation carried on nearly every cable system in Washington, as well as in northern Idaho and much of British Columbia. The station also carried many daytime CBS programs preempted by KIRO (including game shows such as The Joker's Wild and The Price Is Right) during the 1970s.
In 1993, Gaylord agreed to affiliate KSTW, and its sister stations KTVT in Dallas-Fort Worth, WVTV in Milwaukee and KHTV in Houston, with the new WB Television Network, at that time projected to launch late in the summer of 1994.9 However, delays in the network's launch led to Gaylord suing to void the affiliation agreements in July 1994, which was followed a month later by a breach of contract countersuit by The WB.10 In the meantime, CBS found itself without an affiliate in Dallas-Fort Worth when its longtime affiliate there, KDFW, switched to Fox. CBS approached Gaylord for an affiliation with KTVT, and Gaylord included KSTW as part of the agreement.11
As a result, CBS returned to KSTW on March 13, 1995, in what was to have been a ten-year affiliation agreement.12 (some CBS shows that were preempted by KIRO – such as The Bold and the Beautiful – had already been shown on KSTW starting in the fall of 1994). The WB ultimately signed with KTZZ-TV (channel 22, now KZJO) weeks before its eventual January 1995 launch.13 With the CBS affiliation, KSTW was dropped from cable systems in areas of Eastern Washington and Northern Idaho, due to the presence of Spokane's KREM-TV. Even as a CBS affiliate, KSTW still ran a number of off-network sitcoms, and initially only programmed two half-hour newscasts, at 6 and 11 p.m.14 Although it carried an 11 p.m. newscast throughout its run with the network, daytime newscasts aired in various timeslots during KSTW's third tenure with CBS, eventually settling at 6 a.m., 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. KSTW used the same "11" logo and on-air branding as its Dallas sister station KTVT during this time.
The station was put up for sale in October 1996, with Gaylord stating in its earnings report that "its financial results have not met expectations."15 On January 20, 1997, Gaylord announced that KSTW would be purchased by Cox Broadcasting, a subsidiary of Cox Enterprises, for $160 million.16 The deal was finalized on May 30, 1997 (Gaylord held on to KTVT until 1999, when it was sold to CBS outright). Cox had plans to expand the news department at KSTW and make it more competitive with the other stations in the market.17 However, rival KIRO-TV had been put up for sale just weeks before KSTW, as the Belo Corporation's merger with The Providence Journal Company gave it ownership of KING-TV.15
Paramount Stations Group, meanwhile, was in the process of selling off the non-UPN stations it had inherited from Viacom, including KMOV in St. Louis - Paramount and Chris-Craft Industries launched UPN in January 1995, the same month The WB went on the air. As a result, on February 20, 1997, a three-way swap was arranged, in which Paramount/Viacom would swap KMOV to Belo for KIRO-TV, which would then be dealt to Cox in exchange for KSTW and $70 million – a deal that came as a shock to KSTW employees. The two Seattle stations retained their respective syndicated programming, but swapped network affiliations once again, with KSTW becoming a UPN owned-and-operated station, and KIRO regaining its CBS affiliation.17 The deal was finalized on June 2, 1997;18
KSTW began to air UPN programming on June 30, 1997 along with sitcoms, movies, cartoons, a few first-run syndicated shows, and the 10 p.m. newscast.19 The station canceled the 10 p.m. newscast in December 1998.20 Viacom acquired CBS (its former parent) in 2000, bringing CBS and KSTW under common ownership, and making KSTW and the aforementioned KTVT sister stations once again. The cartoons on KSTW had disappeared (as a result of UPN ending the Disney's One Too block in August 2003), and more first-run syndicated talk and reality shows moved to KSTW.
On January 24, 2006, Time Warner and KSTW parent CBS Corporation (which split from Viacom the previous month) announced they would shut down The WB and UPN, and launch The CW Television Network, which would largely feature programming from both networks; KSTW was announced as the Seattle station for the new network;21 the station rebranded as "CW 11" on August 11. KSTW became a CW owned-and-operated station when the network launched on September 18, 2006. Tribune Company-owned WB station KTWB-TV (later KMYQ, now KZJO) became an affiliate of MyNetworkTV.
|Channel22||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|11.1||1080i||16:9||KSTW-HD||Main KSTW programming / The CW|
The station was the on-air home for the NBA's Seattle SuperSonics in the early 1970s, and again from the early 1990s until 1999. It also aired Seattle Mariners games for most of the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. The station also carried TVS' World Football League telecasts in 1974. The station also carried the NASL Seattle Sounders from 1974 to 1981 and the MISL Tacoma Stars from 1984 to 1986.
Through the 1960s and 1970s, KTNT's local children's programs featured a personable host named "Brakeman Bill" McLain. From 1988 to 1994, the station carried Ranger Charlie's Kids Club, the last children's show in the region to be filmed before a live audience. The show featured a forest ranger accompanied by a puppet raccoon named Rosco; the show won an Emmy Award. Looney Tunes and Woody Woodpecker cartoons were incorporated into the show. The station also carried The Disney Afternoon cartoon lineup in the mid-1990s, it even aired The Wacky World of Tex Avery and Pokémon in the late 1990s, and syndicated reruns of Scooby-Doo in the 1980s.
KTNT offered local newscasts throughout most of its history. Its news department began when the station signed on in 1953 as a CBS affiliate. In 1976, KSTW moved its 11 p.m. newscast to a primetime slot at 10 p.m. In May 1990, the station debuted an 11:30 a.m. newscast, which was ended on July 23, 1991 due to low ratings.25 After KSTW rejoined CBS in March 1995, the station made extensive changes to its news schedule: the 10 p.m. newscast moved back to 11 p.m., and newscasts were added in various other timeslots: besides the 11 p.m. news, it initially only ran one other half-hour newscast, at 6 p.m.14 On July 31, 1995, the station debuted an hour-long 6 a.m. newscast; in early August, the 6 p.m. newscast was dropped due to low ratings in favor of an hour-long 5 p.m. newscast (the CBS Evening News, which originally aired at 5:30, then moved to the 6 p.m. timeslot Seattle stations have traditionally scheduled the network newscasts).26
Both newscasts were removed on March 11, 1996 in favor of newscasts at 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. emphasizing health and consumer features.27 During this time, KSTW was among the first stations to use the 11 at 11 branding on its 11 p.m. newscast (as did Gaylord's station in Dallas–Fort Worth, KTVT, using a modified 11 on 11 branding on its 10 p.m. newscast); this format included the top stories and a weather forecast in an 11-minute first segment, with the next segment serving as an in-depth "Northwest News Extra" report.14 After being sold to Paramount Stations Group, the station's 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. newscasts were immediately cut, and on June 9, 1997 the 11 p.m. newscast (the only newscast to have remained largely unchanged from March 1995) expanded to an hour (pushing The Late Show with David Letterman to midnight) in preparation for its return to the 10 p.m. timeslot.28 The late evening newscast reverted to the 10 p.m. timeslot after the switch to UPN on June 30.28
KSTW's news department was shut down on December 4, 1998, as a result of cost-cutting measures mandated by then-parent company Viacom; the move came after the company cancelled newscasts on its UPN stations in Tampa and Boston.20 News returned to the station in March 2003, as it began to carry a 10 p.m. newscast produced by KIRO-TV under a news share agreement.29 The newscast was dropped on December 19, 2003,29 but returned on June 28, 2004,30 before being cancelled again in June 2005; the timeslot has since been filled with syndicated programming. KSTW is one of seven CBS-owned television stations without a newscast (along with KTXA/Fort Worth–Dallas, WUPA/Atlanta, the Detroit duopoly of WWJ-TV and WKBD-TV, WTOG/Tampa and WBFS-TV/Miami, though KTXA airs a sports show and WWJ-TV produces weather updates).
KSTW has, since dropping traditional newscasts, aired two specially-focused news programs on Sunday mornings: the business-focused program, South Sound Business Report (produced by Business Examiner and also broadcast by Tacoma PBS member station KBTC-TV), as well as Northwest Indian News (produced by local cable channel KANU TV-99), which focuses on the Native Americans in the Northwest. In 2013, KSTW debuted a public affairs program on Sunday mornings called The Impact.
- KTNT-TV News (1953–1966)
- 11 Star News (1966–1970)
- Nightwatch News (1970–1976)
- The 10:00 News (1976–1979, 1981–1995)
- NewScene 11 (1979–1981)
- 11:30 Midday (midday news, 1990–1991)
- 11 News (1995–1997)
- UPN 11 Ten O'Clock News (1997–1998)
- Eyewitness News at Ten on UPN 11 (2003, 2004–2005, produced by KIRO-TV)
KSTW no longer has any over-the-air translator transmitters. KSTW's last remaining translator transmitter, analog translator K62FS (channel 62) in Port Townsend, was permanently shut down on December 29, 2011. The FCC required that all television transmitters occupying channels 52 to 69 to vacate those channels by December 31, 2011.31 KSTW had already applied to change the broadcast channel and to broadcast in digital so as to use channel 51, however on August 21, 2011 the FCC issued a freeze on processing applications to use channel 51.32 According to an online posting by KSTW, there are no other channels on which this translator can broadcast in digital resulting in the permanent shutdown of the transmitter.33 KSTW also had low power translators serving certain areas of Seattle, all which were discontinued.
- "Require Prime Evening Time for NTA Films". Boxoffice: 13. November 10, 1956.dead link
- "KIRO-TV operating in Seattle after winning court, FCC bouts." Broadcasting, February 17, 1958, pg. 86. 
- "KTNT antitrust suit asks $15 million of CBS, KIRO, affiliation switch hit." Broadcasting, June 2, 1958, pg. 9. 
- "CBS' own Northwest compromise." Broadcasting, May 30, 1960, pg. 34. 
- "KTNT-TV, CBS to part; KIRO-TV to be primary." Broadcasting, April 30, 1962, pg. 9. 
- "Oklahoma Publishing buys KTNT-TV for $4.5 million." Broadcasting, March 19, 1973, pg. 8. 
- "FCC okays Post buy in Hartford; Okla. Publishing purchase in Tacoma." Broadcasting, February 4, 1974, pp. 26-27. 
- "For the record." Broadcasting, March 25, 1974, pg. 82
- "KSTW-TV Will Join New WB Network". The Seattle Times. November 4, 1993. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "KSTW In Middle In Network Battles". The Seattle Times. Knight-Ridder News Service. August 27, 1994. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- Taylor, Chuck (September 13, 1994). "CBS Dropping KIRO-TV, May Pick Up KSTW -- Industrywide Shake-Up Finally Hits Seattle Area". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- "In Seattle, suddenly, 'For sale' signs pop up." - Electronic Media (Jon Lafayette), 10/21/1996
- Taylor, Chuck (January 4, 1995). "KTZZ To Join New WB Television Network". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
- Taylor, Chuck (March 3, 1995). "The CBS Switch -- KSTW Gears Up -- With A Big-Time Makeover, Channel 11 Gets Set To Be The New CBS Affiliate". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- Taylor, Chuck (October 16, 1996). "KSTW Joins KIRO-TV On Sale Block -- Parent Unhappy With CBS Affiliate's Results". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- Seven, Richard (January 21, 1997). "CBS Link Likely To Stay With KSTW -- Buyer Experienced In Broadcast News". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- Taylor, Chuck (February 21, 1997). "Deals Shuffle 3 TV Stations -- KIRO, KSTW To Get New Owners, Networks; KING Still NBC". The Seattle Times. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- Taylor, Chuck (June 3, 1997). "Seattle TV: In Transition". The Seattle Times. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- Taylor, Chuck (June 29, 1997). "The CBS Switch Is On - Again -- Change Is Nothing New For Seattle Television". The Seattle Times. Retrieved October 23, 2012.
- Mcfadden, Kay (December 2, 1998). "KSTW-TV's Evening News Team Gets The Ax". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
- RabbitEars.info Query for KSTW
- "What digital TV delay means to North Olympic Peninsula viewers". Retrieved February 24, 2010.
- CDBS Print
- Boss, Kit (July 24, 1991). "KSTW Turns Off Midday News". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- Taylor, Chuck (June 8, 1995). "Porter Out As KSTW Anchor". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- Taylor, Chuck (March 10, 1996). "A Year After CBS' Move, Changes Can Be Seen In Local News". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- Taylor, Chuck (May 23, 1997). "KSTW Intrigue Includes Letterman At Midnight". The Seattle Times. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- "KSTW drops 10 p.m. KIRO newscast". Puget Sound Business Journal. December 3, 2003. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- "KIRO to resume its news partnership with KSTW". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. June 25, 2004. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- Document Rules for Digital LPTV, TV Translator, and Class A Television Stations
- Ch.62 Analog Translator Shutdown
- Official website
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KSTW
- Query TV Fool's coverage map for KSTW
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KSTW-TV