Kearny County, Kansas

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Kearny County, Kansas
Kearny County, KS, Courthouse IMG 5843.JPG
Kearny County Courthouse in Lakin
Map of Kansas highlighting Kearny County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded March 20, 1873
Named for Philip Kearny
Seat Lakin
Largest city Lakin
Area
 • Total 871.50 sq mi (2,257 km2)
 • Land 871.06 sq mi (2,256 km2)
 • Water 0.44 sq mi (1 km2), 0.05%
Population
 • (2010) 3,977
 • Density 5.1/sq mi (2.0/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website kearnycountykansas.com

Coordinates: 37°59′N 101°19′W / 37.983°N 101.317°W / 37.983; -101.317

Kearny County (county code KE) is a county located in Southwest Kansas, in the central United States. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,977.1 Its county seat and most populous city is Lakin.2 The county is named in honor of General Philip Kearny.

History

The original Kearney County was established on March 6, 1873 and was dissolved in 1883, with the land area being split between Hamilton and Finney counties. It was reestablished with its original borders in 1887, and organized on March 27, 1888. The county is named in honor of Philip Kearny, a U.S. Army officer in the Mexican–American War and a Union army general in the American Civil War. In 1889, the name was corrected to Kearny County.3

Law and government

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1988, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.4

Geography

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 871.50 square miles (2,257.2 km2), of which 871.06 square miles (2,256.0 km2) (or 99.95%) is land and 0.44 square miles (1.1 km2) (or 0.05%) is water.5

Major highways

Time zones

Kearny County observed Mountain Standard Time until the late 1980s, when the United States Department of Commerce moved the county into the Central Time Zone, which 100 of the state's other 104 counties observe.citation needed Only four counties (Hamilton, Greeley, Wallace, and Sherman), all of which border Colorado, observe Mountain Time.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 159
1890 1,571 888.1%
1900 1,107 −29.5%
1910 3,206 189.6%
1920 2,617 −18.4%
1930 3,196 22.1%
1940 2,525 −21.0%
1950 3,492 38.3%
1960 3,108 −11.0%
1970 3,047 −2.0%
1980 3,435 12.7%
1990 4,027 17.2%
2000 4,531 12.5%
2010 3,977 −12.2%
Est. 2012 3,968 6 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census7

As of the U.S. Census in 2000,8 there were 4,531 people, 1,542 households, and 1,199 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,657 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.34% White, 0.55% Black or African American, 0.86% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 15.71% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.55% of the population.

There were 1,542 households out of which 43.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.20% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county the population was spread out with 34.30% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 19.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 104.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,149, and the median income for a family was $43,703. Males had a median income of $30,117 versus $20,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,708. About 8.40% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 4.80% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

Incorporated cities

Name and population (2004 estimate):

Townships

Kearny County is divided into seven townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Deerfield 17250 1,104 9 (24) 120 (46) 1 (0) 0.66% 38°0′30″N 101°8′55″W / 38.00833°N 101.14861°W / 38.00833; -101.14861
East Hibbard 19550 131 0 (1) 403 (156) 0 (0) 0% 38°9′19″N 101°12′14″W / 38.15528°N 101.20389°W / 38.15528; -101.20389
Hartland 30500 128 0 (1) 388 (150) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°0′44″N 101°24′49″W / 38.01222°N 101.41361°W / 38.01222; -101.41361
Kendall 36450 157 0 (1) 494 (191) 0 (0) 0% 37°46′56″N 101°18′32″W / 37.78222°N 101.30889°W / 37.78222; -101.30889
Lakin 38200 2,587 16 (41) 164 (63) 0 (0) 0.04% 37°57′16″N 101°15′45″W / 37.95444°N 101.26250°W / 37.95444; -101.26250
Southside 67025 359 1 (3) 286 (110) 0 (0) 0.06% 37°55′9″N 101°12′12″W / 37.91917°N 101.20333°W / 37.91917; -101.20333
West Hibbard 77050 65 0 (0) 402 (155) 0 (0) 0% 38°10′10″N 101°25′23″W / 38.16944°N 101.42306°W / 38.16944; -101.42306
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. 

Education

2005 KDOT Map of Kearny County (map legend)

Unified school districts

See also

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

References

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Hicks, Virginia Pierce (February 1938). "Sketches of Early Days in Kearny County". Kansas Historical Quarterly VII (1): 54–80. Retrieved 2007-01-04. 
  4. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  5. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  6. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  7. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading

External links

Official sites
Additional information
Maps







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