King and Queen County, Virginia

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King and Queen County, Virginia
KING AND QUEEN COURTHOUSE GREEN HISTORIC DISTRICT.jpg
King and Queen County Courthouse
Seal of King and Queen County, Virginia
Seal
Map of Virginia highlighting King and Queen County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1691
Seat King and Queen Court House
Area
 • Total 326 sq mi (844 km2)
 • Land 315 sq mi (816 km2)
 • Water 11 sq mi (28 km2), 3.4%
Population
 • (2010) 6,945
 • Density 21/sq mi (8/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.kingandqueenco.net

King and Queen County is a county located in the Middle Peninsula in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,945.1 Its county seat is King and Queen Court House.2

History

King and Queen County was established in 1691 from New Kent County. The county is named for King William III and Queen Mary II of England. King and Queen County is notable as one of the few counties in the United States of America to have recorded a larger population in the 1790 census than in the 2000 one.

Among the earliest settlers of King and Queen County was Roger Shackelford, an emigrant from Old Alresford, Hampshire, England, after which the village of Shacklefords, Virginia, in King and Queen County is named. Shackelford's descendants continued to live in the county, and by the nineteenth century had intermarried with the Taliaferro, Beverley, Thornton and Sears families, among others.3

On March 2, 1864, the Battle of Walkerton, an engagement of the American Civil War took place here, resulting in a Confederate victory.

For many years, county publications noted that the county lacked any traffic lights. This is now no longer the case, as a traffic light has been installed on U.S. Route 360 at St. Stephen's Church.

The county contains no incorporated towns and is among the more rustic of the counties of Virginia.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 326 square miles (840 km2), of which 315 square miles (820 km2) is land and 11 square miles (28 km2) (3.4%) is water.4

Adjacent Counties

Major Highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 9,377
1800 9,879 5.4%
1810 10,988 11.2%
1820 11,798 7.4%
1830 11,644 −1.3%
1840 10,862 −6.7%
1850 10,319 −5.0%
1860 10,328 0.1%
1870 9,709 −6.0%
1880 10,502 8.2%
1890 9,669 −7.9%
1900 9,265 −4.2%
1910 9,576 3.4%
1920 9,161 −4.3%
1930 7,618 −16.8%
1940 6,954 −8.7%
1950 6,299 −9.4%
1960 5,889 −6.5%
1970 5,491 −6.8%
1980 5,968 8.7%
1990 6,289 5.4%
2000 6,630 5.4%
2010 6,945 4.8%
Est. 2012 7,046 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census5
1790-19606 1900-19907
1990-20008 2010-20121

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 6,630 people, 2,673 households, and 1,897 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 3,010 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 61.22% White, 35.67% Black or African American, 1.42% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 1.25% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 2,673 households out of which 26.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.00% were non-families. 24.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,941, and the median income for a family was $40,563. Males had a median income of $33,217 versus $21,753 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,236. 10.90% of the population and 7.80% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 8.10% are under the age of 18 and 14.80% are 65 or older.

Government

Board of Supervisors

Buena Vista District: James M. Milby, Jr. (I)

Newtown District: Sherrin C. Alsop (I)

Shanghai District: R.F. "Rusty" Bailey, Jr. (I)

St. Stephens Church District: James Lawrence Simpkins (I)

Stevensville District: Doris H. Morris (I)

Constitutional Officers

Clerk of the Circuit Court: Deborah F. Longest (I)

Commissioner of the Revenue: Helen H. Longest (I)

Commonwealth's Attorney: Charles E. Adkins (I)

Sheriff: John R. Charboneau

Treasurer: Irene B. Longest

King and Queen is represented by Republican Thomas K. "Tommy" Norment in the Virginia Senate, Republican M. Keith Hodges in the Virginia House fo Delegates, and Republican Robert J. "Rob" Wittman in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ King and Queen County, Virginia, Alfred Bagby, The Neale Publishing Company, New York, Washington, D. C., 1908
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

Coordinates: 37°43′N 76°54′W / 37.72°N 76.90°W / 37.72; -76.90








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