Koreans in France

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Koreans in France
07 Fleur Pellerin cropped.JPG
Total population
12,6841
Regions with significant populations
Paris, Villeurbanne, Grenoble, Strasbourg, Toulouse
Languages
Korean, French
Religion
Mahayana Buddhism2
Related ethnic groups
Koreans

Koreans in France numbered 12,684 individuals as of 2011, making them the 3rd-largest Korean diaspora community in Western Europe, according to South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.1

Migration history

Korean migration to France began in 1919, when the government of France issued work permits to 35 Korean migrant labourers.3 From a community of just 3,310 in 1988, their numbers more than tripled by 2000, and then grew a further 30% by 2007.45 However, from 2009 to 2011, their population shrank by 14%.1 The vast majority live in Paris — about two-thirds, according to 2011 data, compared with four-fifths a decade before — with the largest concentrations in the 15th arrondissement. There more than twice as many women as men; the population has grown more gender-imbalanced as compared to a decade prior.61 Unlike in the United States or Canada, with their large Korean American and Korean Canadian communities, few Koreans in France seek to naturalise as French citizens.7 Among all South Korean nationals or former nationals in France, 786 (6%) have become French citizens, 2,268 (18%) are permanent residents, 6,325 (50%) are international students, and the remaining 3,305 (26%) hold other kinds of visas.1

Aside from South Korean expatriates, children adopted from Korea into French families form another portion of France's Korean population; most were adopted at between ages three and nine.8 The number of North Korean refugees has also been on the rise.9

Education

Koreans in France are served by five Korean-language weekend schools, the oldest and largest of which is the Paris Hangul School, established 18 August 1974; it enrolled 170 students as of 2007.10 Four others, in Villeurbanne, Grenoble, Strasbourg, and Toulouse, were established between 1994 and 2000; they enrolled a further 78 students.11121314 A significant number also attend French universities; in total, about half of the Korean population in France are estimated to be students, falling from two-thirds a decade ago.61

Inter-ethnic relations

Not many French people know that their country has a Korean community at all.3 In many cases, Koreans are mistaken for Chinese and thus lumped in as economic refugees.15

Only about 200 of the South Koreans in France are members of internationally married couples consisting of a South Korean partner and a French partner.6 Such couples experience a number of cultural conflicts, most commonly over the rigour of their children's education.7

Portrayals in popular culture of Koreans in France include the 2004 South Korean television series Lovers in Paris; its popularity has resulted in an increase in the number of Korean tourists visiting France.3 A more recent one is Hong Sang-soo's 2008 film Night and Day.16

Notable people

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f MOFAT 2011, p. 259
  2. ^ "Korean Buddhist organisations in France", World Buddhist Directory (Buddha Dharma Education Association), 2006, retrieved 2009-03-09 
  3. ^ a b c Lee 2006
  4. ^ Lee-Le Neindre 2001, p. 1
  5. ^ MOFAT 2009
  6. ^ a b c Lee-Le Neindre 2001, p. 2
  7. ^ a b Lee-Le Neindre 2001, p. 5
  8. ^ Ventureyra & Palliere 2004, p. 208
  9. ^ "프랑스 북한주민돕기위원회: “북한난민처리 기준 결의안 발의, 유럽의회에 올해 요청할 것”", Radio Free Asia (in Korean), 2006-01-18, retrieved 2007-05-30 
  10. ^ NIIED 2007, 파리한글학교
  11. ^ NIIED 2007, 그르노블한국학교
  12. ^ NIIED 2007, 뚜르즈한글학교
  13. ^ NIIED 2007, 리용한글학교
  14. ^ NIIED 2007, 스트라스부르그한글학교
  15. ^ Lee-Le Neindre 2001, p. 3
  16. ^ Fainaru, Dan (2008-02-12), "Night and Day", Screen Daily, retrieved 2012-08-22 
  17. ^ Yi, Yeong-jong (2006-09-18), "파리의 김정일 조카 장금송 비운의 러브스토리 (Unlucky love story of Kim Jong-il's niece in Paris)", JoongAng Ilbo, retrieved 2007-05-30 
  18. ^ Michael, Christopher (2008-04-09), "From despot’s PR man to Surrey salesman", The Spectator, retrieved 2009-09-01 
  19. ^ "Korean Adoptee Becomes French Deputy Minister", Chosun Ilbo, 2012-05-18, retrieved 2012-05-19 
  20. ^ Falletti, Sébastien (2011-11-01), "Jean-Vincent Placé renoue avec ses racines coréennes", Le Figaro, retrieved 2012-08-18 

Sources

Further reading

  • Lim, Young-hee (November 2004), "History of Koreans in France", International Conference on Korean Historical Materials and the History of Koreans in Europe, University of Bonn 

External links








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