||This June 2009 includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but the sources of this June 2009 remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (June 2009)|
Town hall of Lüdenscheid
|• Mayor||Dieter Dzewas (SPD)|
|• Total||86.73 km2 (33.49 sq mi)|
|Elevation||232 - 539 m (−1,536 ft)|
|• Density||850/km2 (2,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
LÜD (until 1974)
LS (until 1979)
Lüdenscheid is a city in the Märkischer Kreis district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located in the Sauerland region. Lüdenscheid is seat of the administration of the Märkischer Kreis district. However, the district council meets in the district hall in Iserlohn.
Lüdenscheid is located on the saddle of the watershed between the Lenne and Volme rivers which both empty into the Ruhr river, with three smaller valleys leading to them. The saddle has a height of 420 meters, higher elevations on the watershed are an unnamed hilltop of 505 meters in the north, and the 663 meters high Nordhelle in the Ebbegebirge mountain range. In the surrounding mountainous area, half a dozen barriers created artificial lakes to regulate the water flow of the Ruhr river and to provide drinking water. The mountainous nature of the city's territory gave rise to the nickname "Bergstadt" (mountain town). The original settlement circles around the church built on a ledge of the slope above the saddle.
While first settlement in the Lüdenscheid area is confirmed for the 9th century, the first mention of the place as a village was made in 1067 and as a city in 1268. In the 15th and 16th century Lüdenscheid was a member of the Hanseatic League. Since 1609 the town belonged to electorate of Brandenburg, the later Prussia. In 1815 it became part of the new Prussian Province of Westphalia, and 1975, with the creation of the Märkischer Kreis, became seat of its administration. In 1898 the aluminium framework of the first Zeppelin airship was built in the factory of Carl Berg in Lüdenscheid.
Lüdenscheid is an industrial town dominated by a small and medium sized metal and plastics industry, with the largest company employing 2000 people in Lüdenscheid, others employing 800 or less.
The economic importance was based on the one hand by the central functions of the town for the surrounding locations, and by the metal ore mining in the wider surrounding area ("osemund"/osmond iron), which were exploited in the Middle Ages. While the ore was processed in the hammers and wire drawers with the water power in the surrounding valleys, a number of artisanal smitheries in Lüdenscheid made finished products of those materials. In order to market these products to a wider area, Lüdenscheid joined the Hanseatic League.
With the emergence of the industrial age, the production of buttons and buckles played a large role, reflected in the "Knopfmuseum" (Button museum). Later, new materials like aluminium, bakelite, and plastics were adopted. A supporting industry producing the forms for the stamping, blanking, pressing and casting emerged and still plays an important part in Lüdenscheid's industry.
Production of parts of the auto industry and of fittings for electrical installations play an important role as well as continuous casting of aluminium profiles. Products notable to end consumers are lamps and lighting systems and toys.
- Erlöserkirche (Church of the Redeemer)
- in the center of the circular layout of the old city. The protestant church is the oldest in the town. Its tower dates from the 11th century, while the parish nave was rebuilt during the classicistic period in the early 19th century.
- Water castle Neuenhof
- in the Elspe valley behind the Nurre mountain. The present building with an early baroque style was erected in the end of the 17th century.
- Homert tower
- Observation tower on top of the Homert mountain (539 m above sea level), the highest location in Lüdenscheid
- Versetalsperre (River "Verse" reservoir)
- City Museum
- including among others the Knopfmuseum (Button museum) and other exhibits showing the evolution of Lüdenscheid's industry
The coat of arms shows Saint Medardus as the patron of the city. Below it has the red-and-white checked fess from the arms of the Counts of the Mark. The city wall at the bottom denotes the city rights that Lüdenscheid received in 1287.
Lüdenscheid-Nord is a mockery name of the football club Borussia Dortmund, most commonly used by the fans of FC Schalke 04. The real football club Rot-Weiß Lüdenscheid is playing in the Verbandsliga, the fourth level below the Bundesliga, but did play once in the second Bundesliga in 1977/78. Markus Obermeier played soccer for RW Lüdenscheid before joining Borussia Dortmund.
Lüdenscheid is twinned with:
- Carl Berg, airship builder
- Kurt Weill, the composer had his first engagement from 1919-1921 at the theatre in Lüdenscheid.
- Paul Wieghardt, the painter was born in Lüdenscheid.
- Wilhelm Ackermann, mathematician.
- Nuri Şahin, Borussia Dortmund midfielder was born in Lüdenscheid.
- Adolf Schulte, World War I flying ace was born in Lüdenscheid.
- "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013.
- "Myślenice - Miasta partnerskie" [Myślenice - Partnership Cities] (in Polish). Archived from the original on 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
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